Sauk River (Washington)
The Sauk River is a tributary of the Skagit River, approximately 45 miles (72 km) long, in northwestern Washington in the United States. It drains an area of the high Cascade Range in the watershed of Puget Sound north of Seattle. The river is a popular destination for fly fishing. It is a National Wild and Scenic River.
The Sauk River along SR530, north of Darrington, Washington
|Source||North Fork and South Fork confluence|
|⁃ location||Cascade Range|
|⁃ elevation||1,204 ft (367 m)|
|217 ft (66 m)|
|Length||45 mi (72 km)|
|Basin size||714 sq mi (1,850 km2)|
|⁃ location||USGS gage 12189500 near Sauk, WA|
|⁃ average||4,332 cu ft/s (122.7 m3/s)|
|⁃ minimum||578 cu ft/s (16.4 m3/s)|
|⁃ maximum||69,900 cu ft/s (1,980 m3/s)|
Its two forks rise in the Cascades in eastern Snohomish County, in the Glacier Peak Wilderness and join to form the mainstem Sauk River at Bedal. From there the river flows northwest from there through a remote section of the Mount Baker-Snoqualmie National Forest to Darrington, then north to join the Skagit River from the south at Rockport. The Sauk River receives the Suiattle River from the east approximately 12 miles (19 km) south of Rockport and the White Chuck River just above Darrington. Another important tributary is Clear Creek, which joins the Sauk just above Darrington.
The South Fork Sauk River's headwaters flow from a glacier on the northwest side of Columbia Peak. The river flows generally northwest through Seventysix Gulch to Monte Cristo, where it is joined by Glacier Creek. The South Fork continues to flow northwest until it is joined by Weden Creek, where it turns north. It flows just east of Barlow Pass, after which it is paralleled by the Mountain Loop Highway. After several miles the river enters Monte Cristo Lake. A number of camping sites are located along the South Fork Sauk River north of Monte Cristo Lake. Near Bedal Campground the South Fork converges with the North Fork to form the mainstem Sauk River.
A remarkably short and low divide, Barlow Pass, separates the South Fork Sauk River from Palmer Creek, a headwater tributary of the South Fork Stillaguamish River. The unusual geography, orientation, and size of these rivers and their valleys suggests that during the Pleistocene era the Sauk River flowed west through Barlow Pass into what it now the Stillaguamish valley.
- Glacier Creek: Joins the South Fork at Monte Cristo.
- Weden Creek: Joins about 2.3 miles (3.7 km) downstream from Monte Cristo.
- Elliot Creek: Joins just downstream from the outlet of Monte Cristo Lake.
The North Fork, the larger of the two forks, starts at the outlet of a small, unnamed lake opposite to Blue Lake near Johnson Mountain. It flows generally northwest for most of its length. Near its confluence with the South Fork it then turns west and rushes through a gorge in which it drops over the North Fork Falls, a powerful plunge at least 58 feet (18 m) high. Shortly below it also drops over smaller Lower North Fork Falls. The North Fork converges with the South Fork near Bedal Campground, forming the mainstem Sauk River.
In 1890 prospectors exploring north from the Skykomish River basin made discoveries leading to the mining boom at Monte Cristo near the source of the North Fork Sauk River. The difficulty of access from the south led to the 1891 construction of a narrow wagon road along the Sauk River. The Sauk wagon road ran from Sauk City on the Skagit River to the mines at Monte Cristo. A key stop on this road was the trading post at Orient, at the forks of the Sauk River. Today this area is known as Bedal. Today the Mountain Loop Highway follows part of the Sauk River more or less along the route of the old wagon road.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Sauk River
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: North Fork Sauk River
- "Water Resources Data-Washington Water Year 2005; Skagit River Basin" (PDF). USGS. Retrieved 3 August 2009.
- "Skagit Wild and Scenic River, Washington". The Wild & Scenic Rivers Council. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 22 October 2011.
- Beckey, Fred (2003). Cascade Alpine Guide: Climbing and High Routes: Stevens Pass to Rainy Pass (3rd ed.). The Mountaineers. pp. 23–25. ISBN 0-89886-423-2.
- Phillips, James W. (1971). Washington State Place Names. University of Washington Press. ISBN 0-295-95158-3.
- South Fork course information mainly acquired from USGS topographic maps accessed via U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: South Fork Sauk River.
- "North Fork Falls". Northwest Waterfall Survey. Retrieved 2009-06-01.
- "Snohoish County Waterfalls". Snohomish County Tourism Bureau. Retrieved 2009-06-01.
- North Fork course information mainly acquired from USGS topographic maps accessed via U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: North Fork Sauk River and U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: North Fork Falls.
- Beckey, Fred (2003). Cascade Alpine Guide: Climbing and High Routes: Stevens Pass to Rainy Pass (3rd ed.). The Mountaineers. pp. 25–29. ISBN 0-89886-423-2.