Sapphire-spangled emerald

The sapphire-spangled emerald (Amazilia lactea) is a species of hummingbird that occurs in Venezuela, Peru, Bolivia and Brazil from the Amazon south to Santa Catarina; there are uncertain records from east Ecuador. Both male and female have a bright "sapphire" blue chest and chin and green-blue abdomen with a well-delineated white stripe. The bill is almost straight with a black upper mandible and pink lower mandible.[3] The emerald is found in forest edges, mountainous regions and gardens in urban areas.

Sapphire-spangled emerald
Amazilia lactea-4.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Apodiformes
Family: Trochilidae
Genus: Amazilia
A. lactea
Binomial name
Amazilia lactea
(Lesson, 1829)

Polyerata lactea

The species has an estimated range of 1,500,000 km², and while its population size is uncertain, it is believed to be large since it has been described as "frequent" in at least some parts of its range.[1] It is not considered to be in decline and has been therefore evaluated as Least concern.[1]

It is depicted on the reverse side of the discontinued 1-Brazilian Real banknote.


  1. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Amazilia lactea". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  2. ^ "Amazilia lactea". Avibase.
  3. ^ "Arthur Grosset - Sapphire-spangled Emerald".
  • Sick, Helmut (1997). Ornitologia Brasileira. Rio de Janeiro: Nova Fronteira. ISBN 85-209-0816-0.

External linksEdit