Santa Fiora is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Grosseto, in the Italian region of Tuscany, located about 110 kilometres (68 miles) southeast of Florence and about 40 km (25 mi) east of Grosseto. Santa Fiora borders the following municipalities: Abbadia San Salvatore, Arcidosso, Castel del Piano, Castell'Azzara, Piancastagnaio, Roccalbegna, Semproniano.
|Comune di Santa Fiora|
|Coordinates: 42°50′N 11°36′E / 42.833°N 11.600°E|
|Frazioni||Bagnolo, Bagnore, Marroneto, Selva|
|• Mayor||Federico Balocchi|
|• Total||63.45 km2 (24.50 sq mi)|
|Elevation||687 m (2,254 ft)|
|• Density||40/km2 (100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Patron saint||Sts. Flore and Lucille|
|Saint day||July 29|
Santa Fiora is mentioned for the first time in 890 AD, in a document listing properties of the Abbey of San Salvatore, Sforza Cesarini Archive Rome. By the eleventh century the lords of Santa Fiore were the Aldobrandeschi who, in 1082, started the construction of a castle here (Castello S. Flore) and walled the borgo. The power of the abbey passed by degrees to the Aldobrandeschi conti di San Fire, and in turn to the hegemony in Lower Tuscany of the commune of Siena, which was strong influence on Santa Fiora by the mid fourteenth century, a future already foreseen by Dante: "e vedrai Santafior com' è oscura", "and you shall see how obscure is Santa Fiore" (Purgatorio, canto VI, 111). In 1439, with the marriage of Cecilia Aldobrandeschi and Bosio Sforza, the castello and its town passed to the Sforza.
The Sforza of Santa Fiora reached their highest point of power with count Guido Sforza di Santa Fiora, who managed to establish himself as a relative of Pope Paul III Farnese, thereby gaining prestigious political positions for his relatives. Later the family became the Sforza Cesarini, who are still well represented and living in their Roman Palazzo Sforza Cesarini. The sovereign rights of the small state of Santa Fiora were sold to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany under Leopold II though all feudal rights remained to the family.
The comune was of importance for its mineral wealth in Monte Amiata of cinnabar, from which mercury is derived.
In the Middle Ages and during the modern era Santa Fiora was the capital of an independent state, the County of Santa Fiora.
The municipality is formed by the municipal seat of Santa Fiora and the villages (frazioni) of Bagnolo, Bagnore, Marroneto and Selva.
- Pieve of Sante Flora e Lucilla
- Church of San Giuseppe
- Church of Suffragio
- Church of Sant'Agostino
- Church of Santa Chiara
- Church of Madonna delle Nevi
- Church of San Rocco, midway between Santa Fiora and the village of Marroneto
- Church of Santissimo Nome di Maria in the village of Bagnolo
- Church of Nostra Signora del Sacro Cuore in the village of Bagnore
- Convent of Santissima Trinità between Santa Fiora and the village of Selva
- Palazzo Sforza Cesarini, built in 1575 over the Aldobrandeschi castle (of which two medieval towers still can be seen).
- Palazzo Pretorio
- Palazzo Luciani
- Museum of mercury mines of Monte Amiata
- Peschiera of Santa Fiora
- Candido Amantini, Catholic priest and exorcist
- Ernesto Balducci, Roman Catholic priest and peace activist
- Laura Morante, actress
- Mario Pratesi, writer
- Valerio Valeri, Roman Catholic cardinal
- ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
- ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
- ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.