Sant'Anna di Stazzema
Ruins of the village in 2008
|Elevation||660 m (2,170 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Dialing code||(+39) 0584|
|Patron saint||St. Anne|
In 1944, it was the site of a notorious Nazi crime against humanity committed by a part of 16th SS Panzergrenadier Division Reichsführer-SS during World War II. In the morning of 12 August, about 560 (130 children) local villagers and refugees were murdered and their bodies burnt in a scorched earth policy action. After the war, the village was only partially rebuilt.
The massacre gained high notoriety from 1994. During an investigation of the military attorney Antonino Intelisano, 695 files about war crimes in Italy during World War II were found in a wooden cabinet, known as the Armadio della vergogna (armoire of shame), located in a palace of Rome.
Located in the Apuan Alps, Sant'Anna is a mountain village that is 12 km far from Pietrasanta and 16 from its Marina, on the Mediterranean Sea; 18 km from Viareggio, 24 from Massa and 37 from Carrara. The nearest train station is that of Pietrasanta on the Pisa-Genoa line and the nearest motorway exit is "Viareggio-Camaiore" on the A12.
- (in Italian) Infos about the hamlets of Stazzema (municipal website)
- (in Italian) Municipal Statute of Stazzema Archived 2014-02-27 at the Wayback Machine.
- Italian Town, Lost in History, Now Fears Memories of Nazis, The New York Times, April 18, 2004.
- The armoire of shame on Sant'Anna website
- The Historical Museum of Resistance of Sant’Anna di Stazzema
- Google. "Sant'Anna di Stazzema" (Map). Google Maps. Google.
- " James McBride - Miracle at St. Anna" (italian-mysteries.com)