Sanpitsu

The term Sanpitsu (三筆) or "three brushes" is used in Japanese to refer to a group of three famous Heian period calligraphers:

Later groups of calligraphers were named in imitation of the original Sanpitsu.

Kan'ei Sanpitsu (寛永三筆)Edit

Named for the Kan'ei period in which they flourished:

Ōbaku no Sanpitsu (黄檗三筆)Edit

Zen Chinese calligraphers who worked in Japan.

Bakumatsu no Sanpitsu (幕末の三筆)Edit

  • Ichikawa Beian (市河米庵) 1779-1858
  • Nukina Sūō (貫名菘翁) 1778-1863
  • Maki Ryōko (巻菱湖) 1777-1843

Meiji no Sanpitsu (明治の三筆)Edit

  • Nakabayashi Gochiku (中林梧竹) 1827-1913
  • Kusakabe Meikaku (日下部鳴鶴) 1838-1922
  • Iwaya Ichiroku (巌谷一六) 1834-1905

Shōwa no Sanpitsu (昭和の三筆)Edit

  • Hibino Gohō (日比野五鳳) 1901-1985
  • Teshima Yūkei (手島右卿) 1901-1987
  • Nishikawa Yasushi (西川寧) 1902-1989

See alsoEdit

  • Sanseki, a similar group of renowned calligraphers

ReferencesEdit

  • 神田喜一郎,「三筆について」(書道全集 第11巻)(Heibonsha, 1965)