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Sang is a rare Korean family name, a single-syllable Korean unisex given name, and an element in many two-syllable Korean given names. Its meaning differs based on the hanja used to write it.

Revised RomanizationSang

Family nameEdit

As a family name, Sang may be written with only one hanja, meaning "yet" or "still" (; 오히려 상 ohiryeo sang). The 2000 South Korean Census found 2,298 people and 702 households with this family name. All but five of those listed a single bon-gwan (origin of a clan lineage, not necessarily the actual residence of clan members): Mokcheon (today Mokcheon-eup 목천읍), Dongnam District, Cheonan, South Chungcheong Province. One person listed a different bon-gwan, while four others had their bon-gwan listed as unknown.[1] They claim descent from Sang Guk-jin (상국진; 尙國珍), an official of the early Goryeo period who was born in Mokcheon and rose to the post of jangri (장리, 長吏) there.[2][3]

Given nameEdit

Hanja and meaningEdit

There are 35 hanja with the reading "sang" on the South Korean government's official list of hanja which may be registered for use in given names; they are.[4][5]

  1. (윗 상 wit sang): "above"
  2. (오히려 상 ohiryeo sang): "yet", "still"
  3. (항상 상 hangsang sang): "always"
  4. (상줄 상 sangjul sang): "to reward"
  5. (장사 상 jangsa sang): "business"
  6. (서로 상 seoro sang): "mutually"
  7. (서리 상 seori sang): "frost"
  8. (생각 상 saenggak sang): "think"
  9. (다칠 상 tachil sang): "wound"
  10. (잃을 상 ilheul sang): "to lose"
  11. (맛볼 상 matbol sang): "to taste"
  12. (치마 상 chima sang): "skirt"
  13. (자세할 상 jasehal sang): "detailed"
  14. (상서 상 sangseo sang): "auspicious"
  15. (코끼리 상 kokkiri sang): "elephant"
  16. (모양 상 moyang sang): "shape"
  17. (평상 상 pyeongsang sang): "bench"
  18. (뽕나무 상 bbongnamu sang): "mulberry tree"
  19. (형상 상 hyeongsang sang): "shape"
  20. (갚을 상 gapeul sang): "to pay a debt"
  21. (학교 상 hakgyo sang): "school"
  22. (강 이름 상 gang ireum sang): name of a river (the Xiang River in Guangxi, China)[6]
  23. (상자 상 sangja sang): "box"
  24. (날 상 nal sang): "to fly"
  25. (시원할 상 siwonhal sang): "refreshing"
  26. (높고 밝은 땅 상 nopgo balgeun ttang sang): "plateau"
  27. (홀어머니 상 horeomeoni sang): "widow"
  28. (고개 상 gogae sang): "mountain pass"
  29. (행랑 상 haengrang sang): "servant's quarters"
  30. (상수리나무 상 sangsurinamu sang): "oak tree"
  31. (잔 상 jan sang): "cup"
  32. (상수리나무 상 sangsurinamu sang): "oak tree"
  33. (평상 상 pyeongsang sang): "bench"
  34. (성품 밝을 상 seongpum balgeul sang): "bright disposition"
  35. (세찰 상 sechal sang): "to flow violently"


People with the single-syllable Korean given name Sang include:

  • Yi Sang (1910–1937), birth name Kim Haikyung, Korean writer of the Japanese colonial period
  • Ku Sang (1919–2004), South Korean poet
  • Chang Sang (born 1939), South Korean politician, country's first female prime minister
  • Lee Sang (stylised as "Leesang", born 1995), South Korean singer, member of Imfact

As name elementEdit

Two names beginning with this syllable were popular names for newborn South Korean boys in the mid-20th century: Sang-chul (10th place in 1950) and Sang-hoon (9th place in 1960 and 1970).[7] Names containing this syllable include:

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "행정구역(구시군)/성씨·본관별 가구 및 인구" [Family names by administrative region (district, city, county): separated by bon-gwan, households and individuals]. Korean Statistical Information Service. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  2. ^ "성씨유래검색: 상(尙)". Daejeon: Jokbo Museum. Retrieved 1 September 2017. The Jokbo Museum cites the following work for their pages on family names: 김진우 (2009). 한국인 의 역사 [The History of Koreans]. 春秋筆法 [Chunchu Pilbeop]. OCLC 502157619.
  3. ^ "목천상씨(木川尙氏)" [Mokcheon Sang clan]. Academy of Korean Studies. Retrieved 1 September 2017.
  4. ^ 인명용 한자표 [Table of hanja for use in personal names] (PDF). South Korea: Supreme Court. Retrieved 1 September 2017.
  5. ^ 유니코드 한자사전 [Unicode Hanja Dictionary]. National Library of the Republic of Korea. Retrieved 29 August 2017.
  6. ^ "湘". ZDic. Retrieved 1 September 2017.
  7. ^ "한국인이 가장 줗아하는 이름은 무엇일까?". Retrieved 2012-11-09.