San Paolo di Civitate

San Paolo di Civitate is a town and comune in the province of Foggia in the Apulia region of southeast Italy. San Paolo di Civitate was historically an Arbëreshë settlement, the inhabitants however no longer use the Albanian language.[3]

San Paolo di Civitate
Comune di San Paolo di Civitate
Coat of arms of San Paolo di Civitate
Location of San Paolo di Civitate
San Paolo di Civitate is located in Italy
San Paolo di Civitate
San Paolo di Civitate
Location of San Paolo di Civitate in Italy
San Paolo di Civitate is located in Apulia
San Paolo di Civitate
San Paolo di Civitate
San Paolo di Civitate (Apulia)
Coordinates: 41°44′N 15°16′E / 41.733°N 15.267°E / 41.733; 15.267Coordinates: 41°44′N 15°16′E / 41.733°N 15.267°E / 41.733; 15.267
CountryItaly
RegionApulia
ProvinceFoggia (FG)
Government
 • MayorFrancesco Gentile
Area
 • Total91.16 km2 (35.20 sq mi)
Elevation
163 m (535 ft)
Population
 (30 November 2017)[2]
 • Total5,742
 • Density63/km2 (160/sq mi)
DemonymSanpaolesi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
71010
Dialing code0882
Patron saintSt. Anthony of Padua and St. Paul
Saint dayJune 13
WebsiteOfficial website

HistoryEdit

San Paolo was founded in the mid-15th century, mostly as a colony of Albanians. Nearby had existed since the 1st millennium BC an ancient town of the Daunians, Teate or Tiati, known by the Romans as Teanum Apulum. Formerly known as San Paolo dei Greci, it was renamed San Paolo de Civitate in 1641.[4]

In the Middle Ages, known as Civitate, the old town was the site of the Battle of Civitate (1053) between Papal and Norman forces.

Civitate was the seat of a diocese in the 11th century, when its bishop Amalgerius or Amelgerius took part in two provincial synods in 1061 and 1062. In 1302, shortly after his destruction of the Muslim settlement of Lucera, the Angevin King Charles II gave permission to a small group of Saracens originally from there to settle as a community of their own in Civitate but it never became of any significance. From 1545 to 1550 its bishop was the celebrated astrologer Luca Gaurico. In 1580, the seat of the bishopric was moved to San Severo. No longer a residential bishopric, Civitate is today listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see.[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ All demographics and other statistics from the Italian statistical institute (Istat)
  3. ^ P. Bruni, ed. (2004). Arbëreshë: cultura e civiltà di un popolo. p. 33. ISBN 9788824020091.
  4. ^ Calogero Raviotta, "Albania Tarantina", p. 177
  5. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 871