San José (canton)

San José is the first canton in the province of San José in Costa Rica. It includes the national capital city of San José.[2][3]

San José
Music Temple, Morazán Park
Music Temple, Morazán Park
Flag of San José
Official seal of San José
Etymology: From Saint Joseph
Nickname(s): 
Chepe
San José canton
San José canton location in Costa Rica
San José canton location in Costa Rica
San José
San José canton location in Costa Rica
Coordinates: 9°56′09″N 84°06′48″W / 9.9359564°N 84.1134162°W / 9.9359564; -84.1134162Coordinates: 9°56′09″N 84°06′48″W / 9.9359564°N 84.1134162°W / 9.9359564; -84.1134162
Country Costa Rica
ProvinceSan José
Creation7 December 1848[1]
Local CelebrationMarch 19, Saint Joseph's Day
Head citySan José
Districts
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyMunicipalidad de San José
Area
 • Total44.62 km2 (17.23 sq mi)
Elevation
1,137 m (3,730 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total288,054
 • Density6,500/km2 (17,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−06:00
Canton code101
Websitewww.msj.go.cr

The canton lies on a fertile plain at the eastern end of the Central Valley (Valle Central). The Virilla River and Torres River form the border on the north, while the Tiribí River marks the southern boundary. The canton encompasses San José city, composed by all of its districts, albeit partially Uruca, although the Greater Metropolitan Area reaches far beyond in all directions.

The Mayor of San José Canton is Johnny Araya Monge (Partido Liberación Nacional).

GeographyEdit

San José has an area of 44.62 km²[4] and a mean elevation of 1,137 metres.[2]

DistrictsEdit

The canton of San José is subdivided into the following districts:

  1. Carmen
  2. Merced
  3. Hospital
  4. Catedral
  5. Zapote
  6. San Francisco de Dos Ríos
  7. Uruca
  8. Mata Redonda
  9. Pavas
  10. Hatillo
  11. San Sebastián

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
186421,379
188330,12340.9%
189239,11229.8%
192762,05358.7%
1950111,82080.2%
1963168,93851.1%
1973215,44127.5%
1984241,46412.1%
2000309,67228.2%
2011288,054−7.0%

Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos[5]
Centro Centroamericano de Población[6]

For the 2011 census, San José had a population of 288,054 inhabitants. [7]

Most of the population is distributed in the peripheral districts around the downtown (the districts of El Carmen, Merced, Hospital, and Catedral are known as casco central similar to a downtown or financial center, only 18% of the canton population inhabits these districts).

San José had, in 2011, 0.90 men per woman. In 2000 the province had a 100% of urban population. 17.33% of its inhabitants are under 10 years old, and 7.67% over 65.

TransportationEdit

Road transportationEdit

The canton is covered by the following road routes:

Rail transportationEdit

The Interurbano Line operated by Incofer goes through this canton.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Hernández, Hermógenes (1985). Costa Rica: evolución territorial y principales censos de población 1502 - 1984 (in Spanish) (1 ed.). San José: Editorial Universidad Estatal a Distancia. pp. 164–173. ISBN 9977-64-243-5. Retrieved October 5, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Declara oficial para efectos administrativos, la aprobación de la División Territorial Administrativa de la República N°41548-MGP". Sistema Costarricense de Información Jurídica (in Spanish). March 19, 2019. Retrieved September 26, 2020.
  3. ^ División Territorial Administrativa de la República de Costa Rica (PDF) (in Spanish). Editorial Digital de la Imprenta Nacional. March 8, 2017. ISBN 978-9977-58-477-5.
  4. ^ "Área en kilómetros cuadrados, según provincia, cantón y distrito administrativo". Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos (in Spanish). Retrieved September 26, 2020.
  5. ^ "Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos" (in Spanish).
  6. ^ "Sistema de Consulta de a Bases de Datos Estadísticas". Centro Centroamericano de Población (in Spanish).
  7. ^ "Censo. 2011. Población total por zona y sexo, según provincia, cantón y distrito". Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos (in Spanish). Retrieved September 26, 2020.

External linksEdit