Samuel Sprigg

Samuel Sprigg (ca. 1783 – April 21, 1855) served as the 17th Governor of the state of Maryland in the United States from 1819 to 1822.

Samuel Sprigg
Samuel Sprigg.jpg
17th Governor of Maryland
In office
December 20, 1819 – December 16, 1822
Preceded byCharles Goldsborough
Succeeded bySamuel Stevens, Jr.
Personal details
Bornca. 1783 (1783)
Maryland, U.S.
Died (aged 71–72)
Prince George's County, Maryland, U.S.
Resting placeOak Hill Cemetery
Washington, D.C., U.S.

BackgroundEdit

Little is known of Sprigg's early life. He was possibly born in Washington County or Prince George's County, although conclusive proof has not been found.[1] His father was Joseph Sprigg and was married several times. He was likely born to his father's third wife, Margaret Elzey Weems between 1781–1783. After his father's death in 1800, he was adopted by his uncle, Osborn Sprigg. He would eventually inherit Osborne's Prince George's County estate of Northampton.[1][2]

On January 1, 1811, Sprigg married Violetta Lansdale, daughter of Thomas Lancaster Lansdale and Cornelia Van Horne. They eventually had two children.[1]

Political careerEdit

Sprigg joined the Democratic-Republican Party at time when there was a Democratic-Republican resurgence in the state against the Federalists. He was elected Governor by the Maryland General Assembly on December 13, 1819, running against Charles Goldsborough.[1]

His administration was marked by partisan bitterness between the Democratic-Republicans and Federalists. Specific issues were State constitutional reform and direct election of the state government (both opposed by the Federalists). Both of these efforts were defeated during Sprigg's administration, but would pass later.[1]

His administration was very concerned with providing infrastructure to the western part of the state, embracing the construction of roads as well as completion of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal. Under his administration, the charter of the Potomac Company to complete the canal was canceled due to poor performance and given to a new enterprise, the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Company. He served on the Board of Directors for the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Company.[1][2][3]

He was re-elected to the Governorship, first in 1820 and again in 1821.[1][2][3]

Sprigg retired from the Governor's office and from politics on December 16, 1822.[3]

Death and legacyEdit

Sprigg died on April 25, 1855 and was buried at St. Barnabas Church in Upper Marlboro, Maryland but was moved to Oak Hill Cemetery in Georgetown.[1][4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Buchholz, Henrich Ewald (1908). Governors of Maryland from the Revolution to the Year 1908. Baltimore: Wiliams & Wilkins Company. pp. 91–94.
  2. ^ a b c "Prince George's County: Over 300 years of History – Oden Bowie". Prince George's County Historical Society. 1996. Retrieved December 6, 2007.
  3. ^ a b c "Governor's Information: Maryland Governor Samuel Sprigg". National Governors Association. Retrieved December 6, 2007.
  4. ^ "Oak Hill Cemetery, Georgetown, D.C. (North Hill) - Lot 292 (Carroll Family Mausoleum)" (PDF). Oak Hill Cemetery. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 8, 2022. Retrieved August 18, 2022.
Political offices
Preceded by Governor of Maryland
1819–1822
Succeeded by