Samuel Cashwan, 1942

Samuel Adolph Cashwan (1900– August 10, 1988) was an American sculptor.

HistoryEdit

Cashwan was born to Jewish parents in Cherkasy, Ukraine. His parents left Russia and emigrated to New York City in 1906. Cashwan began his art studies after the family moved to Detroit in 1916. His first exposure to art came from his art teacher, Katherine Conover at Detroit's Central High School. Cashwan then took art course at the John Wicker School of Art in Detroit and later at Detroit City College.

In 1918, Cashwan served in the US Army. He was discharged following the end of World War I and returned to New York City, where he continued with his art training at the Architectural League of New York. Cashwan then moved to Paris from 1923 to 1926 where he attended the École des Beaux-Arts under the sculptor Antoine Bourdelle. He returned to Detroit in 1927 and became an art instructor at the University of Michigan. Cashwan also served as the head of the sculpture department of the Detroit Society of Arts and Crafts until 1942. Cashwan was also employed by the Works Progress Administration (WPA) from 1936 until 1942 as the supervisor of its sculpture and ceramics program. He was to credit the income from these teaching positions to allow art to his own tastes rather than that of the art market.

During his time at the WPA, Cashwan created several sculptures for outside display at Michigan State University. At the Olin Health Center, he created bas-reliefs of the Greek gods Panacea and Hygeia. AT one of the University entrances, he created a sculpture of a man, a woman, a horse and several sheafs of wheat. These figures symbolized the university's beginnings as a school of agriculture.[1]

In 1938, Cashwan created a 13-foot statue of President Abraham Lincoln for the Lincoln Consolidated School District in Ypsilanti, Michigan.[2]

In January, 1942, one or more Cashwan sculptures were exhibited at the opening of the Museum of Modern Art in New York City.[3]

Following the end of World War II, Cashwan was hired as a designer for General Motors, a position that he held until his retirement in 1965. He moved to North Carolina shortly thereafter, where he lived until his death in 1988.

While Cashwan suggested that his work had been influenced by both Romanesque and Hindu sculpture, as his career progress his work developed along more and more abstract lines. By the late 1930s, his figural work had become very angular, stressing sharp lines and large volumes. His pieces created following World War II were even more abstract, his later ones having altogether abandoned figural reference.

Like many of the sculptors of his day Cashwan was endowed with both the skills and the opportunity to work with architects and create architectural sculpture. Buildings adorned by his hand can be found in both Lansing, Michigan and Detroit.

Architectural WorkEdit

Public MonumentsEdit

  • Brady Memorial, Belle Isle, Detroit MI 1928
  • Abraham Lincoln, Lincoln Consolidated Schools, Augusta Township, Michigan 1938
  • Pioneer Mother, Clare, Michigan 1938
  • Three Musicians, Michigan State University, East Lansing MI c. 1940
  • Miller Memorial, Kellog Building, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 1940

ReferencesEdit

  • Barrie, Bentley, Helms and Raspond, Artists in Michigan: 1900-1976, Wayne State University Press, Detroit 1989
  • Brunk, Colby, Jacobs et al., Arts and Crafts in Detroit 1906-1976: The Movement, The Society, The School, Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit MI 1976
  • Colby, Joy Hakanson, Art and a City: A History of the Detroit Society of Arts and Crafts, Wayne State University Press, Detroit MI 1956
  • Doyle, Right Reverend John M., Saint Aloysius Church: The Old and the New, Centennial Publishing Company, Detroit 1930
  • Hendry, Fay L., Outdoor Sculpture in Lansing, iota Press, Okamos, Michigan 1980
  • Kvaran, Einar Einarsson, Architectural Sculpture in America, unpublished manuscript
  • Miller, Dorothy C., ed. Americans 1942: 18 Artists From 9 States, Museum of Modern Art, New York 1942
  • Smith, Dorothy Hitchingham, Footsteps From the Past, mimeographed booklet 1975
  1. ^ Forten, Max. "Samuel Cashwan; Legacy of the WPA". MSU Campus Archeology Program. Michigan State University. Archived from the original on 18 September 2015. Retrieved 19 September 2015.
  2. ^ Elliott, Krystal (August 30, 2014). "Group working to restore statue of Lincoln Consolidated Schools' namesake". The Ypsilanti Courier. Retrieved 19 September 2015.
  3. ^ JEWELL, EDWARD ALDEN (January 21, 1942). "18 American Artists Display Work At Museum of Modern Art Opening". New York Times. Archived from the original on 6 March 2016. Retrieved 19 September 2015.

External linksEdit