Prime Minister of Samoa

  (Redirected from Samoan Prime Minister)

The prime minister of Samoa is the head of government of the Independent State of Samoa, a sovereign country located in the Pacific Ocean.

Prime Minister of the
Independent State of
Coat of arms of Samoa.svg
Coat of arms of
the Independent State
of Samoa
Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi 2018.jpg
Tuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi

since 23 November 1998
AppointerThe Head of State - O le Ao o le Malo
Inaugural holderFiamē Matā'afa Fiame Mulinu'u II
Formation22 May 1875
Salary78,000 USD annually[1]

Colonial RuleEdit

The first prime minister during the colonial period was Albert Barnes Steinberger, who originally represented the American government in the Samoan Islands but was close to German commercial interests. After the indigenous authorities of the islands adopted the Constitution of 1873, Steinberger was appointed Prime Minister by King Malietoa Laupepa in July 1875. He held this post for seven months before the British and American consuls in the country persuaded Laupepa to dismiss him, seeing his role as German interference in the islands. Over the next two decades, there was no Prime Minister in the country, and in 1899 Samoa fell under the colonial rule of the Western powers, being divided as a German colony and an American colony at the end of the Second Samoan Civil War, according to the terms of the Tripartite Convention.[2]

At the beginning of the World War I, German Samoa was occupied by New Zealand in 1914, and was subsequently organized as a trust territory of New Zealand in 1920.

After independenceEdit

The territory gained independence in 1962 as the Independent State of Samoa. The Constitution, adopted in 1960 during the transitional period of autonomy, provides that the executive power is vested in the head of state (O le Ao o le Malo), elected by the Legislative Assembly, and who acts only on the recommendation of the government. The head of state has royal assent powers to sign bills into law and dissolve Parliament. Executive power is exercised by the prime minister and his cabinet. The prime minister is appointed by the head of state as a member of the Legislative Assembly who enjoys the confidence of a majority in the Legislative Assembly (Article 32 (2) (a)). The prime minister may be removed from office by the Legislative Assembly (Article 33 (1) (b)). Samoa is thus a parliamentary democracy based on the Westminster system.[3]

List of prime ministers of Samoa (1875–present)Edit

No. Prime Minister Took office Left office Time in office Party O le Ao o le Malo
(head of state)
1Steinberger, Albert BarnesAlbert Barnes Steinberger
22 May 18758 February 1876262 daysIndependentLaupepa
Abolished (8 February 1876 – 1 October 1959)
2Mulinu'u IIMata'afa
Mulinu'u II
1 October 195925 February 197010 years, 147 daysIndependentMeaʻole
Tanumafili II
3Lealofi IVTupua Tamasese
Lealofi IV
25 February 197020 March 19733 years, 23 daysIndependentTanumafili II
(2)Mulinu'u IIMata'afa
Mulinu'u II
20 March 197320 May 1975 †2 years, 61 daysIndependentTanumafili II
Lealofi IVTupua Tamasese
Lealofi IV
21 May 197524 March 1976308 daysIndependentTanumafili II
4Efi, TufugaTupua Tamasese
Tufuga Efi
(born 1937)
24 March 197613 April 19826 years, 20 daysIndependentTanumafili II
5Kolone, Va'aiVa'ai Kolone
13 April 198218 September 1982158 daysHRPPTanumafili II
(4)Efi, TufugaTupua Tamasese
Tufuga Efi
(born 1937)
18 September 198231 December 1982104 daysIndependentTanumafili II
6Alesana, Tofilau EtiTofilau Eti Alesana
31 December 198230 December 19853 years, 17 daysHRPPTanumafili II
(5)Kolone, Va'aiVa'ai Kolone
30 December 19858 April 19882 years, 100 daysHRPPTanumafili II
(6)Alesana, Tofilau EtiTofilau Eti Alesana
8 April 198823 November 199810 years, 229 daysHRPPTanumafili II
7Malielegaoi, Tuilaepa Aiono SaileleTuilaepa Aiono Sailele Malielegaoi
(born 1945)
23 November 1998Incumbent21 years, 125 daysHRPPTanumafili II
Tufuga Efi
Va'aletoa Sualauvi II


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Hill, Bruce (28 September 2016). "Samoan leaders salaries published by newspaper". ABC Radio Australia.
  2. ^ Malama Meleisea, Lagaga: A Short History of Western Samoa, Apia, University of the South Pacific, 1987, ISBN 982-02-0029-6, pp.83-85
  3. ^ Constitution of Samoa

External linksEdit