Salto Grande, São Paulo

Salto Grande is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. The population in 2015 is 9.223 and the area is 189.072  km2 (73.001 sq mi). The elevation is 436 m (1,430 ft).

Salto Grande
Flag of Salto Grande
Flag
Official seal of Salto Grande
Seal
Motto(s): 
VIS IN CELERITATE
("the driving force")
Location of Salto Grande
Salto Grande is located in Brazil
Salto Grande
Salto Grande
Location in Brazil
Coordinates: 22°53′34″S 49°59′08″W / 22.89278°S 49.98556°W / -22.89278; -49.98556Coordinates: 22°53′34″S 49°59′08″W / 22.89278°S 49.98556°W / -22.89278; -49.98556
Country Brazil
RegionSoutheast
StateBandeira do estado de São Paulo.svg São Paulo
Founded1911
Government
 • MayorDirceu Feltrin (PTB (2013–2016))
Area
 • City189.072 km2 (73.001 sq mi)
Elevation
436 m (1,430 ft)
Population
 (2010)
 • City8,787
 • Density46/km2 (120/sq mi)
 • Urban
7,933
 • Rural
854
Demonym(s)Saltograndense
Time zoneUTC-3 (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-2 (UTC-2)
Postal Code (CEP)
19920-000
Area code(s)(+55) 14
Websitewww.pmsaltogrande.sp.gov.br

Origin of the nameEdit

Due to the large waterfalls that existed in the city submersed by damming of rivers for the construction of the hydroelectric plant. First, the city was called the Cachoeira Dos Dourados, then by Salto Grande do Paranapanema and from 1922 Salto Grande.

HistoryEdit

Around 1843 the region was inhabited by Caiuás and Guarani Indians, entrusted to catechesis of Friar pacific of Monte Falco, brought from Italy by Antonina Baron, owner of extensive land grants in northern of Paraná and southern of São Paulo. José Teodoro de Souza, who years earlier had been interested in the lands, recorded in 1856 a possession that was beginning in Salto Grande's waterfall in the river Paranapanema, and went to the mouth of the river Tibagi.Em then promoted the local population with white and catechized Indians, for use in agricultural work. Thus was born the village of Salto Grande do Paranapanema, on a small column on the banks of the Paranapanema and Rio Novo rivers.

DemographyEdit

Race and ethnicity in São Paulo
Ethnicity Percentage
White
68.90%
Pardo (Multiracial)
27.13%
Black
3.27%
Asian
0.68%
Amerindian
0.02%

In 2014, Salto grande was the 383º most populous city in Brazil and according to the 2010 IBGE Census, there were 8,787 people residing in the city. The census found 6,054 White people (68,90%), 2,384 Pardo (multiracial) people (27,13%), 287 Black people (3,27%), 60 Asian people (0,68%) and 2 Amerindian people (0.02%).[1]

Data of the Census of 2010
  • Total population: 8.787
    • Metro: 7.933 (90,3%)
    • Rural: 854 (9,7%)
    • Men: 4.353 (49,55%)
    • Women: 4.434 (50,45%)

Population density (inhabitants/km2): 46,64

Infant mortality up to 1 year (per thousand): 15.5

Infant mortality up to 5 year (per thousand): 18

Life expectancy (years): 74.5

Total fertility rate: 2.41

Literacy rate: 84,63%

Human Development Index (HDI): 0.704

  • HDI GDP: 0.664
  • HDI longevity: 0.825
  • HDI education: 0.637
Source: IPEAdata

Culture and leisureEdit

Points of interestEdit

Because of its location, natural environment and a climate with well defined seasons, has Salto Grande tourism potential.[citation needed] The hot, dry and stable climate makes the city on the banks of the Paranapanema River, a common destination for those who want to be in touch with nature, either by water sports, or otherwise.[citation needed]

The beach ("Prainha")Edit

 
The Salto Grande beach.

Located on the banks of the Paranapanema River, the beach of Salto Grande, locally known as "Prainha" by the townspeople, is an artificial beach that has almost 4 km of long and is one of the main tourist points of the city.

It is used for water sports, using water bike, kayak, boat and paddle boats and the area has a barbecue site and an area for walking and hiking. Salto Grande earned the nickname "Cidade Praia" ("Beach city") because of the many visitors to the beach, especially during its events and festivals. [2]

Archaeological siteEdit

Discovered in 1990 by a team of University of São Paulo, have been found several pieces and indigenous funerary urns with over a thousand years old, where were buried (in the urns) bodies of Indians who lived in the region. These research aim to rebuild the characteristics of settlement over 8000 years and so study their way of life and their local customs.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Sidra (Sistema IBGE de Recuperação de Dados Automática) (2010). "Tabela 3175 - População residente, por cor ou raça, segundo a situação do domicílio, o sexo e a idade". Retrieved 9 June 2012.
  2. ^ a b Galvanin, Fátima (2005). Conto, Canto e Encanto com a Minha História... Salto Grande - Cidade Praia. São Paulo: Noovha America.