Salford (UK Parliament constituency)
Salford was a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. The borough constituency dated from 1997 and was abolished in 2010, replaced by Salford and Eccles.
|Former Borough constituency|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Salford in Greater Manchester for the 2005 general election.
Location of Greater Manchester within England.
|Number of members||One|
|Replaced by||Salford and Eccles|
|Created from||Salford East, Eccles|
|Replaced by||Salford North, Salford South and Salford West|
In 1832 the constituency was formed from the townships of Broughton, Pendleton and Salford, with part of the township of Pendlebury. The exact boundaries were defined in the Parliamentary Boundaries Act 1832:
From the Northernmost Point at which the Boundary of the Township of Salford meets the Boundary of the Township of Broughton, Northward, along the Boundary of the Township of Broughton, to the Point at which the same meets the Boundary of the Township of Pendleton; thence, Westward, along the Boundary of the Township of Pendleton to the Point at which the same meets the Boundary of the detached Portion of the Township of Pendlebury; thence, Southward, along the Boundary of the detached Portion of the Township of Pendlebury to the Point at which the same meets the Boundary of the Township of Salford; thence, Westward, along the Boundary of the Township of Salford to the Point first described.
In 1883 the detached portion of Pendlebury was absorbed by Pendleton.
The constituency was re-created for the 1997 election. It boundaries were defined by the Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995, and consisted of eight wards of the City of Salford: Blackfriars, Broughton, Claremont, Kersal, Langworthy, Ordsall, Pendleton, and Weaste & Seedley.
A very safe Labour seat which had some of the UK's most deprived areas, typified by council estates like Ordsall, Pendleton and Langworthy, which are now due for apparent redevelopment. Higher Broughton has a considerable Jewish population and has some very decent residential housing, but even here Labour are usually in the lead at local level; the Conservatives, like all the other neighbouring Manchester seats, are now in third place in General Elections.
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Following its review of parliamentary representation in Greater Manchester the Boundary Commission for England recommended that Salford be split into three new constituencies and this was enacted in 2010:
- Blackley and Broughton, a cross-border constituency formed with wards in the current Manchester Blackley seat.
- Salford and Eccles takes the existing Salford seat and marries it with central electoral wards of Eccles
- Worsley and Eccles South brings Walkden, Worsley and Eccles together in a new seat following the removal of the Wigan-Salford link
Members of ParliamentEdit
|1857 by-election||Edward Ryley Langworthy||Independent Liberal|
|1857||William Nathaniel Massey||Radical|
|Representation increased to two members 1868|
|Election||1st Member ||1st Party||2nd Member||2nd Party|
|1868||Charles Edward Cawley||Conservative||William Thomas Charley||Conservative|
|1877 by-election||Oliver Ormerod Walker||Conservative|
|1880||Benjamin Armitage||Liberal||Arthur Arnold||Liberal|
|1885||Parliamentary borough split into three single-member divisions: see Salford North, Salford South, Salford West|
|2010||Constituency abolished: see Salford and Eccles|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Norman J. Owen||5,062||22.4||+6.2|
|Conservative||Laetitia M. Cash||3,440||15.2||−0.1|
|Liberal Democrat||Norman J. Owen||3,637||16.2||+5.9|
|Socialist Alliance||Peter Grant||414||1.8||N/A|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Norman J. Owen||3,407||10.3||N/A|
|Referendum||Robert W. Cumpsty||926||2.8||N/A|
|Natural Law||Susan Herman||162||0.5||N/A|
|Labour win (new seat)|
Elections in the 1880sEdit
|Conservative||William Thomas Charley||8,400||21.6||−3.8|
|Conservative||Oliver Ormerod Walker||8,302||21.3||−4.1|
|Turnout||19,464 (est)||87.1 (est)||+15.3|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+3.8|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+4.1|
Elections in the 1870sEdit
|Conservative||Oliver Ormerod Walker||8,642||50.8||N/A|
- Caused by Cawley's death.
|Conservative||Charles Edward Cawley||7,003||25.4||−0.2|
|Conservative||William Thomas Charley||6,987||25.4||+0.3|
|Turnout||13,763 (est)||71.8 (est)||-5.9|
Elections in the 1860sEdit
|Conservative||Charles Edward Cawley||6,312||25.6||N/A|
|Conservative||William Thomas Charley||6,181||25.1||N/A|
|Turnout||12,326 (est)||77.7 (est)||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||N/A|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
- Seat increased to two members
- Caused by Massey's resignation after his appointment as a member of the Council of India.
Elections in the 1850sEdit
|Liberal||William Nathaniel Massey||1,919||51.8||−8.0|
|Radical||William Nathaniel Massey||1,880||59.8||N/A|
|Independent Liberal||William Nathaniel Massey||Unopposed|
|Independent Liberal gain from Radical|
- Caused by Brotherton's death
Elections in the 1840sEdit
Notes and referencesEdit
- Youngs, Frederic A, Jr. (1991). Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.2: Northern England. London: Royal Historical Society. ISBN 0-86193-127-0.
- 1832 c.64, schedule "O"
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995 (S.I. 1995/1626)". Office of Public Sector Information. 1995. Retrieved 2009-04-12.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "R" (part 2)
- "The Elections". Bury and Norwich Post. 19 December 1832. p. 1. Retrieved 7 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "General Election". Morning Post. 15 December 1832. p. 2. Retrieved 7 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Paz, Denis G. (1992). Popular Anti-Catholicism in Mid-Victorian England (Illustrated ed.). Stanford: Stanford University Press. p. 204. ISBN 9780804719841. Retrieved 7 July 2018 – via Google Books.
- Garrard, John (1983). Leadership and Power in Victorian Industrial Towns, 1830–80. Manchester: Manchester University Press. p. 213. ISBN 0-7190-0897-2. LCCN 82-62260. Retrieved 7 July 2018 – via Google Books.
- "Election Intelligence". Bucks Herald. 7 February 1857. p. 3. Retrieved 7 July 2018.
- "Newport Borough Election". Hampshire Advertiser. 10 July 1852. p. 7. Retrieved 10 June 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Shipping and Mercantile Gazette". 9 July 1852. p. 8. Retrieved 10 June 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)
|url=(help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. pp. 264–265. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- "The Candidates for Salford". Dundee Evening Telegraph. 10 April 1877. p. 3. Retrieved 19 January 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "The Representation of Salford". Manchester Times. 15 February 1868. p. 3. Retrieved 17 March 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Election Intelligence". Bolton Chronicle. 16 April 1859. p. 3. Retrieved 7 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "The Borough Elections". Yorkshire Gazette. 6 April 1857. p. 1. Retrieved 7 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, F. W. S. (ed.). The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 187. ISBN 0-900178-13-2.