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Salford (UK Parliament constituency)

Salford was a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. The borough constituency dated from 1997 and was abolished in 2010, replaced by Salford and Eccles.

Salford
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Salford in Greater Manchester for the 2005 general election
Outline map
Location of Greater Manchester within England
CountyGreater Manchester
19972010
Number of membersOne
Replaced bySalford and Eccles
Created fromSalford East, Eccles
18321885
Replaced bySalford North, Salford South and Salford West
Created fromLancashire

A parliamentary borough of the same name existed from 1832 to 1885. The historic constituency returned two members of parliament from 1868.[1]

BoundariesEdit

Boundaries 1832–1885Edit

In 1832 the constituency was formed from the townships of Broughton, Pendleton and Salford, with part of the township of Pendlebury. The exact boundaries were defined in the Parliamentary Boundaries Act 1832:[2]

From the Northernmost Point at which the Boundary of the Township of Salford meets the Boundary of the Township of Broughton, Northward, along the Boundary of the Township of Broughton, to the Point at which the same meets the Boundary of the Township of Pendleton; thence, Westward, along the Boundary of the Township of Pendleton to the Point at which the same meets the Boundary of the detached Portion of the Township of Pendlebury; thence, Southward, along the Boundary of the detached Portion of the Township of Pendlebury to the Point at which the same meets the Boundary of the Township of Salford; thence, Westward, along the Boundary of the Township of Salford to the Point first described.

In 1883 the detached portion of Pendlebury was absorbed by Pendleton.[1]

Boundaries 1997–2010Edit

The constituency was re-created for the 1997 election. It boundaries were defined by the Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995, and consisted of eight wards of the City of Salford: Blackfriars, Broughton, Claremont, Kersal, Langworthy, Ordsall, Pendleton, and Weaste & Seedley.[3]

A very safe Labour seat which had some of the UK's most deprived areas, typified by council estates like Ordsall, Pendleton and Langworthy, which are now due for apparent redevelopment. Higher Broughton has a considerable Jewish population and has some very decent residential housing, but even here Labour are usually in the lead at local level; the Conservatives, like all the other neighbouring Manchester seats, are now in third place in General Elections.

Boundary ReviewEdit

Following its review of parliamentary representation in Greater Manchester the Boundary Commission for England recommended that Salford be split into three new constituencies and this was enacted in 2010:

Members of ParliamentEdit

MPs 1832–1868Edit

Election Member [4] Party
1832 Joseph Brotherton Radical[5][6][7][8]
1857 by-election Edward Ryley Langworthy Independent Liberal[9]
1857 William Nathaniel Massey Radical[10][11]
1859 Liberal
1865 John Cheetham Liberal
Representation increased to two members 1868

MPs 1868–1885Edit

Election 1st Member [4] 1st Party 2nd Member[4] 2nd Party
1868 Charles Edward Cawley Conservative William Thomas Charley Conservative
1877 by-election Oliver Ormerod Walker Conservative
1880 Benjamin Armitage Liberal Arthur Arnold Liberal
1885 Parliamentary borough split into three single-member divisions: see Salford North, Salford South, Salford West

MPs 1997–2010Edit

Election Member [4] Party
1997 Hazel Blears Labour
2010 Constituency abolished: see Salford and Eccles

ElectionsEdit

Elections in the 2000sEdit

General election 2005: Salford[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Hazel Blears 13,007 57.6 −7.5
Liberal Democrats Norman J. Owen 5,062 22.4 +6.2
Conservative Laetitia M. Cash 3,440 15.2 −0.1
UKIP Lisa Duffy 1,091 4.8 +4.8
Majority 7,945 35.2
Turnout 22,600 42.4 +0.6
Labour hold Swing −6.9
General election 2001: Salford[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Hazel Blears 14,649 65.1 −3.9
Liberal Democrats Norman J. Owen 3,637 16.2 +5.9
Conservative Christopher King 3,446 15.3 −2.1
Socialist Alliance Peter Grant 414 1.8 N/A
Independent Sheilah Wallace 216 1.0 N/A
Independent Roy Masterson 152 0.7 N/A
Majority 11,012 48.9
Turnout 22,514 41.6 −14.7
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990sEdit

General election 1997: Salford[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Hazel Blears 22,848 69.0 N/A
Conservative Elliot Bishop 5,779 17.5 N/A
Liberal Democrats Norman J. Owen 3,407 10.3 N/A
Referendum Robert W. Cumpsty 926 2.8 N/A
Natural Law Susan Herman 162 0.5 N/A
Majority 17,069 51.5 N/A
Turnout 33,122 56.3 N/A
Labour win (new seat)

Elections in the 1880sEdit

General election 1880: Salford (2 seats)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Benjamin Armitage 11,116 28.6 +3.8
Liberal Arthur Arnold 11,110 28.5 +4.1
Conservative William Thomas Charley 8,400 21.6 −3.8
Conservative Oliver Ormerod Walker 8,302 21.3 −4.1
Majority 2,710 7.0 N/A
Turnout 19,464 (est) 87.1 (est) +15.3
Registered electors 22,334
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +3.8
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +4.1

Elections in the 1870sEdit

1877 Salford by-election (1 seat)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Oliver Ormerod Walker 8,642 50.8 N/A
Liberal Joseph Kay[16] 8,372 49.2 N/A
Majority 270 1.6 +1.0
Turnout 17,014 77.2 +5.4
Registered electors 22,041
Conservative hold Swing +0.0
  • Caused by Cawley's death.
General election 1874: Salford (2 seats)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Edward Cawley 7,003 25.4 −0.2
Conservative William Thomas Charley 6,987 25.4 +0.3
Liberal Joseph Kay[16] 6,827 24.8 −0.1
Liberal Henry Lee 6,709 24.4 +0.0
Majority 160 0.6 +0.4
Turnout 13,763 (est) 71.8 (est) -5.9
Registered electors 19,177
Conservative hold Swing -0.1
Conservative hold Swing +0.2

Elections in the 1860sEdit

General election 1868: Salford (2 seats)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Edward Cawley 6,312 25.6 N/A
Conservative William Thomas Charley 6,181 25.1 N/A
Liberal John Cheetham 6,141 24.9 N/A
Liberal Henry Rawson[17] 6,018 24.4 N/A
Majority 40 0.2 N/A
Turnout 12,326 (est) 77.7 (est) N/A
Registered electors 15,862
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing N/A
Conservative win (new seat)
  • Seat increased to two members
General election 1865: Salford (1 seat)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Cheetham Unopposed
Registered electors 5,397
Liberal hold
By-election, 13 February 1865: Salford (1 seat)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Cheetham Unopposed
Liberal hold
  • Caused by Massey's resignation after his appointment as a member of the Council of India.

Elections in the 1850sEdit

General election 1859: Salford (1 seat)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Nathaniel Massey 1,919 51.8 −8.0
Liberal Henry Ashworth[18] 1,787 48.2 N/A
Majority 132 3.6 −16.0
Turnout 3,706 87.8 +9.7
Registered electors 4,222
Liberal hold Swing −8.0
General election 1857: Salford (1 seat)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Radical William Nathaniel Massey 1,880 59.8 N/A
Radical Elkanah Armitage[19] 1,264 40.2 N/A
Majority 616 19.6 N/A
Turnout 3,144 78.1 N/A
Registered electors 4,028
Radical hold Swing N/A
By-election, 2 February 1857: Salford (1 seat)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Liberal William Nathaniel Massey Unopposed
Independent Liberal gain from Radical
  • Caused by Brotherton's death
General election 1852: Salford (1 seat)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Radical Joseph Brotherton Unopposed
Registered electors 2,950
Radical hold

Elections in the 1840sEdit

General election 1847: Salford (1 seat)[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Radical Joseph Brotherton Unopposed
Registered electors 2,605
Radical hold
General election 1841: Salford (1 seat)[15][20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Radical Joseph Brotherton 991 53.2
Conservative William Garnett 873 46.8
Majority 118 6.3
Turnout 1,864 76.3
Registered electors 2,443
Radical hold Swing

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Youngs, Frederic A Jr. (1991). Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.2: Northern England. London: Royal Historical Society. ISBN 0-86193-127-0.
  2. ^ 1832 c.64, schedule "O"
  3. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995 (S.I. 1995/1626)". Office of Public Sector Information. 1995. Retrieved 2009-04-12.
  4. ^ a b c d Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "R" (part 2)
  5. ^ "The Elections". Bury and Norwich Post. 19 December 1832. p. 1. Retrieved 7 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  6. ^ "General Election". Morning Post. 15 December 1832. p. 2. Retrieved 7 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  7. ^ Paz, Denis G. (1992). Popular Anti-Catholicism in Mid-Victorian England (Illustrated ed.). Stanford: Stanford University Press. p. 204. ISBN 9780804719841. Retrieved 7 July 2018 – via Google Books.
  8. ^ Garrard, John (1983). Leadership and Power in Victorian Industrial Towns, 1830–80. Manchester: Manchester University Press. p. 213. ISBN 0-7190-0897-2. LCCN 82-62260. Retrieved 7 July 2018 – via Google Books.
  9. ^ "Election Intelligence". Bucks Herald. 7 February 1857. p. 3. Retrieved 7 July 2018.
  10. ^ "Newport Borough Election". Hampshire Advertiser. 10 July 1852. p. 7. Retrieved 10 June 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  11. ^ "Shipping and Mercantile Gazette". 9 July 1852. p. 8. Retrieved 10 June 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  12. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  13. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  14. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)|format= requires |url= (help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. pp. 264–265. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
  16. ^ a b "The Candidates for Salford". Dundee Evening Telegraph. 10 April 1877. p. 3. Retrieved 19 January 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  17. ^ "The Representation of Salford". Manchester Times. 15 February 1868. p. 3. Retrieved 17 March 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  18. ^ "Election Intelligence". Bolton Chronicle. 16 April 1859. p. 3. Retrieved 7 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  19. ^ "The Borough Elections". Yorkshire Gazette. 6 April 1857. p. 1. Retrieved 7 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  20. ^ Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, F. W. S. (ed.). The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 187. ISBN 0-900178-13-2.