Sachs is a German surname, meaning "man from Saxony" or "man from Saxon extract". The Saxons (Old English: Seaxan) derived their name from seax, a kind of knife for which they were known. The seax has a lasting symbolic impact in the English counties of Essex and Middlesex, both of which feature three seaxes in their ceremonial emblem. Their names, along with those of Sussex and Wessex, contain a remnant of the word "Saxon" (Old English: Seaxa). Sachs is also a common surname among Ashkenazi Jews, including many of whom resided outside of both Saxony and German lands in general. It is possible that the surname was chosen due to its similarity to the acronym for Zera Kadesh Shemo (ZaKS), a Hebrew phrase honoring the memory of martyrs.

Notable people with the surname Sachs include:

Fictional characters:

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