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Fritz Gunter Sachs (14 November 1932 – 7 May 2011, also Gunter Sachs von Opel) was a German photographer, author, Rosenberg student, industrialist, and latterly head of an institute that researched claims of astrology. As a young man he became a sportsman, then gained international fame as a documentary film-maker, documentary photographer, and third husband of Brigitte Bardot.
|Died||7 May 2011 (aged 78)|
|Occupation||Author, photographer, industrialist|
(m. 1956; died 1958)
(m. 1966; div. 1969)
|Relatives||Wilhelm von Opel (grandfather) |
Fritz von Opel (uncle)
Sachs was born in southern Germany. His mother was Eleanor, the daughter of Wilhelm von Opel, co-founder of the automaker Opel; his father was Willy Sachs, sole owner of Fichtel & Sachs, a leading manufacturer of ball bearings in Schweinfurt and one of Germany's biggest automobile suppliers. Willy was friendly with Hermann Göring and Heinrich Himmler and arrested by the American military after the war but finally declared a follower and released. Gunter Sachs commented on his father's past in several publications. Willy committed suicide in 1958 by shooting himself. Sachs' brother, Ernst Wilhelm, died in an avalanche in 1977.
Sachs studied maths and economics.
A playboy in his early years, Sachs was romantically linked to the former Iranian empress Soraya Esfandiary. He married three times. His first wife, Anne-Marie Faure, died in 1958 during surgery. He married Anne-Marie at the age of 23. He courted his second wife, Brigitte Bardot, by flying over her villa on the French Riviera in a helicopter and dropping hundreds of roses. The couple were married on 14 July 1966 in Las Vegas; they divorced in 1969. His final marriage was to Swedish former model, Mirja Larsson, (who was 26 at the time of their engagement) which lasted from 1969 until his death. He had a son Rolf Sachs (born 1955), with his first wife, and a further two sons (Christian Gunnar and Claus Alexander) with his third wife.
In addition to his German nationality, Sachs received Swiss citizenship in 1976.
Sachs' extensive art collection included works by Jean Fautrier, Andy Warhol, René Magritte, Salvador Dalí, Roy Lichtenstein, Tom Wesselmann, Mel Ramos, and Allen Jones. He also owned important pieces from the Nouveau réalisme school including Yves Klein, Jean Tinguely, Arman, and Martial Raysse. Many of these artists were involved in the 1969 design of the legendary pop-art-apartment in the tower of the Palace Hotel in St. Moritz, which quickly gained the art world's attention. From 1967 to 1975 Sachs, together with Prince Konstantin of Bavaria, co-founded and headed the association for the Modern Art Museum in Munich (MAM), which lobbied for the construction of a comprehensive museum of contemporary art in Munich and mounted monthly exhibitions at Villa Stuck. Victor Vasarely, Georg Baselitz, Heinz Edelmann, Christo, Cy Twombly, Alexander Calder, Heinz Mack and Jean Tinguely, Roy Lichtenstein, and Gotthard Graubner found their way into the rooms of the museum.
In 1972 Sachs opened a gallery in Hamburg and organised the first European exhibition of his friend Warhol. In 1974, he commissioned Warhol with a series of silkscreen portraits of his ex-wife Brigitte Bardot. In May 2006, Sachs sold one of Warhol's silk screens of Bardot at auction for $3 million. The Sachs family sold part of his collection of Pop Art and Nouveau Realisme through Sotheby's in May 2012.
From 1972 Sachs worked as a professional photographer. In 1973 he caused a stir with the first nude photograph for French Vogue. In 1991 he worked with Claudia Schiffer on the "Heroines" series. He gained international recognition in 1974 with a special show at the photokina trade show for which he also designed the official exhibition poster. In 1976 he was awarded the Leica Award. At the 'German photo days' and the photokina he received prizes for "Die Farbe Weiss" in 1994 and for "Die Farbe Rot" in 1995.
The focus of his photography are surreal nudes and landscapes, which were published in no less than seven image volumes. Early on, Sachs also experimented with digital photography. The proceeds from the sale of his photographs and illustrated books went into the Mirja Sachs Foundation, which helps children in need.
Sachs' methodology and the statistical analysis have been criticised by mathematicians. They found serious errors in all parts and deny any statistical significance after the necessary corrections in his data.
Sachs died by suicide on 7 May 2011 by a gunshot wound to the head at his home in Gstaad, Switzerland. The suicide note stated that he acted because of what he defined as "hopeless illness A." (which some have speculated to be Alzheimer's) adding that "The loss of mental control over my life was an undignified condition, which I decided to counter decisively".
- Sachs, Gunter: The Astrology File: Scientific Proof of the Link Between Star Signs and Human Behaviour. Orion Books (December 1999). ISBN 0-7528-1789-2
- Elwell, Dennis: Cosmic Loom, 2nd edition 1999. The Urania Trust. ISBN 0-04-133027-7. Discussion and interpretation of some of Gunter Sachs results and related material.
- "Billionaire playboy Gunter Sachs commits suicide over illness". The Montreal Gazette. 8 May 2011. Archived from the original on 10 May 2011. Retrieved 8 May 2011.
- "Ex-German Playboy Gunter Sachs commits suicide". Asian News International. London. 9 May 2011. Retrieved 19 July 2013.
- 'Schweinfurt Under the Swastika'
- Wilfried Rott: 'Der braune Schatten' (German)[permanent dead link]
- 'Ich stand nie für das Ewig-Gestrige', (German) Süddeutsche Zeitung, 13 February 2006.
- Legendary Playboy Gunter Sachs is Dead (German) Der Spiegel, 8 May 2011.
- Bruno Waterfield (8 May 2011). "Gunter Sachs, former husband of Brigitte Bardot, shoots himself in Swiss chalet". Telegraph. London. Retrieved 8 May 2011.
- "Playboy auf Lebenszeit". www.merkur.de (in German). 13 November 2002. Retrieved 18 June 2021.
- "People: Nov. 14, 1969". Time. 14 November 1969. Archived from the original on 19 August 2008.
- "Brigitte Bardot's ex commits suicide". Toronto Sun. 8 May 2011. Retrieved 8 May 2011.
- Mark Brown (7 May 2011), The Gunter Sachs appeal – life and legacy of the playboy art collector The Guardian.
- James Tarmy (October 10, 2014), Warhol’s Screen Sirens, Socialites May Fetch $57 Million [Bloomberg]
- Dennis Heves (9 May 2011), Gunter Sachs, Ex-Husband of Brigitte Bardot, Dies at 78 New York Times.
- Koruhn, Petra (8 May 2011). "Gunter Sachs - Freitod wegen Alzheimer". www.derwesten.de (in German). Retrieved 18 June 2021.
- Basler, Herbert (1998). ""Die Akte Astrologie" von Gunter Sachs aus Sicht der Mathematischen Statistik". Skeptiker (in German). Gesellschaft zur wissenschaftlichen Untersuchung von Parawissenschaften. 11 (3). Retrieved 1 September 2014.
- Belgian news report Archived 11 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine
- German news report
- "German photographer and 'playboy' Gunter Sachs commits suicide". Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 9 May 2011.