SS Jagiełło

Jagiełło was a medium-sized passenger-cargo ship, sailing under the Polish flag between 1948 and 1949, and then decommissioned due to unprofitable and post-war political conditions, which were not conducive to the development of the Polish passenger fleet, and then transferred to the Soviet Union as Pyotr Velikiy, operating Black Sea passenger services until 1973. The ship had been built by Blohm & Voss for Turkish operators, taken over after completion by the German government. After World War 2 it taken over by the British and then the Soviet Government.

SS Jagiello.jpg
SS Jagiełło arriving in Havana, 1948
History
Name
  • Doğu (1939)
  • Lüderitzbucht (1939-45)
  • Duala (1945)
  • Empire Ock (1945-46)
  • Pyotr Velikiy (1946-48)
  • Jagiełło (1948-49)
  • Pyotr Velikiy (1949-73)
Owner
  • German Government (1939-40)
  • Kriegsmarine (1940-45)
  • Ministry of War Transport (1945-46)
  • Soviet Ministry of the Maritime Fleet (1946-47)
  • Gdynia-America Line (1947-49)
  • Black Sea Shipping Company (1949-73)
Operator
  • Deutsche-Afrika Linien (1939-40)
  • Kriegsmarine (1940-45)
  • City Line Ltd (1945-46)
  • Soviet Ministry of the Maritime Fleet (1946-47)
  • Cosulich (1947-49)
  • Black Sea Shipping Company (1949-73)
Port of registry
BuilderBlohm+Voss
Yard number520
Launched15 March 1939
Completed31 August 1939
Out of service20 November 1973
Identification
  • United Kingdom Official Number 180588 (1945-46)
  • Code Letters GJZR (1945-46)
  • ICS Golf.svgICS Juliet.svgICS Zulu.svgICS Romeo.svg
  • Soviet Register Number M-2381 (1946-47, 1949-73)
  • Code Letters UVSA (1949-73)
  • ICS Uniform.svgICS Victor.svgICS Sierra.svgICS Alpha.svg
FateScrapped
General characteristics
TypePassenger-cargo
Tonnage6,133 GRT, 3,139 NRT
Length117.25 metres (384 ft 8 in)
Beam15.98 metres (52 ft 5 in)
Depth6.22 metres (20 ft 5 in)
Installed powertwo 3-cylinder triple expansion steam engines
PropulsionTwin screw propellers
Speed15 knots (28 km/h)

DescriptionEdit

The ship was 117.25 metres (384 ft 8 in) long, with a beam of 15.98 metres (52 ft 5 in) and a depth of 6.22 metres (20 ft 5 in). She was assessed at 6,133 GRT, 3,139 NRT.[1]

The ship was powered by two 3-cylinder triple expansion steam engines, which each had cylinders of 60 centimetres (23+12 in), 90 centimetres (35+716 in) and 159 centimetres (62+58 in) diameter by 100 centimetres (39+38 in) stroke. The engines drove twin screw propellers via low pressure turbines and a double reduction drive. Built by Blohm+Voss,[1] they could propel the ship at 15 knots (28 km/h).[2]

HistoryEdit

The ship was built in 1939 as Doğu at the Blohm und Voss shipyard in Hamburg for the Turkish government organisations Denizbank and Denizyollari Idaresi.[3] Yard Number 520, Doğu was launched on 15 March 1939, the first of three sister ships, the others being Egemen and Savas, and completed on 31 August.[4][5] The ship had not been commissioned when war broke out in September 1939, was taken over by Germany, with Deutsche Afrika-Linien appointed managers, and renamed Lüderitzbucht.[6] In 1940 the ship was taken over by the Kriegsmarine, who used it as a residential hulk at Flensburg, renaming it Duala in early 1945.[6][7]

 
Pyotr Velikiy at Odessa in 1964

Still moored at Flensburg in May 1945, Duala was taken as prize by British forces and transferred to the Ministry of War Transport under the name Empire Ock.[6] The United Kingdom Official Number 180588 and code letters GJZD were allocated. The ship's port of registry was London and it was operated under the management of City Line Ltd.[1] In the following year Empire Ock was allocated to the Soviet Union as part of German war reparations. It was given the name Pyotr Velikiy (Russian: "Пётр Великий", Peter the Great) and registered at Leningrad to the Ministry of the Maritime Fleet.[4][6][nb 1] The conversion back to a passenger ship proved to be too expensive,[citation needed] so in 1947 it was given to Poland.[9]

After a year-long renovation in the Genoa shipyard, the ship was given the name Jagiełło and Gdynia-America Line colours, but never came to Gdynia. It was the only large passenger ship from the Blohm & Voss shipyard, operated under the Polish flag. For a year she sailed, in cooperation with the Italian shipowner company Cosulich and with a largely Italian crew (only a few officers and specialists were Polish), on the Genoa-Central America-Cuba-Lisbon route.[9] Due to the unprofitable nature of the venture, the ship returned (probably free of charge) to the Soviet flag and to the name Pyotr Velikiy in 1949.[2][7] It was owned by Black Sea Shipping Company, registered at Odessa, with the Soviet Register number M-2381 and code letters UVSA.[4]

Pyotr Velikiy was operated (alongside Gruziya, formerly the Polish MS Sobieski), on Black Sea passenger routes, principally between Odessa, Sochi and Batumi.[7][9] The ship was withdrawn from service and arrived for demolition by I M Varela Davalillo at Castellón de la Plana, Spain on 20 November 1973.[4][10]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Transliterations of the Russian name differ between sources, include also Petr Velikiy,[6] Peotr Veliki[8] and Petr Veliky[9]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Lloyd's Register, Navires a Vapeur et a Moteurs" (PDF). Lloyd's Register. London: Lloyd's of London. 1945. Retrieved 24 June 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Черное море. Белый пароход. (Окончание)" [Black Sea, White Steamer (Ending)] (in Russian). Polvnic. 25 October 2011. Retrieved 24 June 2020.
  3. ^ "Lloyd's Register: Steamers and Motorships" (PDF). Lloyd's Register of Shipping. London: Lloyd's of London. 1939. Retrieved 24 June 2020.
  4. ^ a b c d "Пётр Великий" [Pyotr Velikiy] (in Russian). Fleetphoto. Retrieved 25 June 2020.
  5. ^ "Blohm & Voss". Miramar Ship Index (subscription). Wellington, New Zealand: R B Haworth. Retrieved 24 June 2020.
  6. ^ a b c d e Mitchell, W H; Sawyer, L A (1990). The Empire Ships : a record of British-built and acquired merchant ships during the Second World War (2nd ed.). London: Lloyd's of London Press. pp. 463–465. ISBN 1-85044-275-4.
  7. ^ a b c Piwowoński, Jan. Flota spod Biało-Czerwonej [Fleet from under White and Red] (in Polish) (Wyd. 1 ed.). Nasza Księgarnia. ISBN 978-83-100-8902-1.
  8. ^ "Lloyd's Register: Steamers and Motorships" (PDF). London: Lloyd's Register of Shipping. 1945. Retrieved 25 June 2020. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  9. ^ a b c d Wilson, Edward A (1978). Soviet passenger ships, 1917-1977. Kendal: World Ship Society. pp. 38, 65. ISBN 0-905617-04-5.
  10. ^ "Single Ship Report for "5276185"". Miramar Ship Index (subscription). R B Haworth. Retrieved 25 June 2020.