SF Broadcasting was an American media company that owned and operated four television stations; the company operated from its founding March 1994, four months before its purchased stations owned by Burnham Broadcasting, until its merger with Silver King Broadcasting in 1996.
|Fate||Acquired by Silver King Broadcasting|
SF Broadcasting was founded in March 1994, it was created as a joint venture between the Fox Broadcasting Company television network, which served as minority owner, and majority owner Savoy Pictures, a minority-owned communications firm. The initial capital of US$100 million was supplied with $58 million from Fox, $41 million from Savoy, and $1 million from Savoy Pictures chairmen Victor A. Kaufman and Lewis J. Korman, who held all the voting stock (had Fox owned any voting stock, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) would have been considered its then-parent company News Corporation to be the owner of the stations purchased by SF, counting them against the Commission's ownership rules); instead, Savoy Pictures chairmen Victor A. Kaufman and Lewis J. Korman held all the stock.
SF Broadcasting acquired WLUK-TV in Green Bay, Wisconsin on July 29, 1994 for $38 million; this was followed by the purchase of Burnham's three other stations – WALA-TV in Mobile, Alabama, WVUE-TV in New Orleans and KHON-TV in Honolulu – almost one month later on August 25 for $229 million. Burnham-owned ABC affiliate KBAK-TV in Bakersfield, California (now a CBS affiliate) was excluded from the deal and was instead spun off by Burnham to Westwind Communications, a company that was founded by several former Burnham executives.
All of the stations acquired by SF Broadcasting had been affiliated with NBC, with the exception of WVUE, which was affiliated with ABC. As a result of Fox's interest in the stations, all four switched their affiliations to Fox; around this time, in the wake of the network's acquisition of broadcast rights to National Football Conference television package from the National Football League, Fox sought to upgrade its affiliates in major markets with an NFC franchise. The affiliation deal that resulted from the purchase gave Fox upgrades for the home markets of the Green Bay Packers (in the home market of WLUK) and the New Orleans Saints (in the home market of WVUE), giving Fox VHF affiliates in eleven of the fifteen markets with a team in the NFC. The purchase was challenged by NBC, which filed a petition with the Federal Communications Commission on September 23, 1994, alleging that News Corporation had improperly set up a shell corporation to circumvent FCC limits on the amount of capital that a foreign company is allowed to invest in an American television station in order to gain control of the network's Green Bay affiliate WLUK. NBC withdrew its petition against the SF Broadcasting acquisition on February 17, 1995.
On November 28, 1995, Silver King Communications (owned by former Fox executive Barry Diller) announced that it would acquire Savoy Pictures; at the time of the purchase, the majority of Silver King's existing stations had been affiliated with the Home Shopping Network (both Silver King and HSN were then owned by USA Networks). The sale of the stations to Silver King received federal approval in March 1996, with its other assets being merged into the company in November 1996. Silver King, which eventually became USA Broadcasting, later sold them to Emmis Communications in 2000. In 2004, Emmis put up its television stations for sale in order to concentrate on its radio stations. All of the stations were sold to different owners: WALA and WLUK were sold to the LIN TV Corporation; KHON was sold to the Montecito Broadcast Group, which was later acquired by New Vision Television and then by LIN Media in 2012; and WVUE, after its sale was delayed for three years as a result of Hurricane Katrina's effects on New Orleans, was sold to the Louisiana Media Company (a local firm owned by New Orleans Saints owner Tom Benson). When LIN Media merged with Media General in 2014, WALA and WLUK were respectively sold to the Meredith Corporation and Sinclair Broadcast Group to resolve ownership conflicts with existing Media General stations in the Mobile and Green Bay markets. As such, none of the former SF stations remain under common ownership; WVUE remains under the ownership of Louisiana Media Company, but is under a shared services agreement with Raycom Media, one of the major broadcasting chains in the South. And Media General was absorbed into Nexstar Media Group in 2017.
Stations are arranged alphabetically by state and by city of license.
|City of license / Market||Station||Channel
|Years of ownership||Current ownership status|
|Mobile, Alabama–Pensacola, Florida||WALA-TV||10 (9)||1995–1996||Fox affiliate owned by Meredith Corporation|
|Honolulu, Hawaii||KHON-TV||2 (8)||1995–1996||Fox affiliate owned by Nexstar Media Group|
(satellite of KHON)
|11 (11)||1995–1996||Fox affiliate owned by Nexstar Media Group|
(satellite of KHON)
|7 (7)||1995–1996||Fox affiliate owned by Nexstar Media Group|
|New Orleans, Louisiana||WVUE-TV||8 (29)||1995–1996||Fox affiliate owned by Louisiana Media Company
(operated under a SSA by Raycom Media)
|Green Bay, Wisconsin||WLUK-TV||11 (11)||1995–1996||Fox affiliate owned by Sinclair Broadcast Group|
- "THE MEDIA BUSINESS; Savoy and Fox TV Venture". New York Times March 18, 1994: 15.
- "Company Town Annex". Los Angeles Times. July 29, 1994. Retrieved May 9, 2014.
- "COMPANY NEWS; Fox Adds 3 Network-Affiliated Stations". August 27, 1994. Retrieved May 9, 2014.
- Meisler, Andy (August 27, 1994). "COMPANY NEWS; Fox Adds 3 Network-Affiliated Stations". The New York Times. Retrieved October 22, 2012.
- "NBC ASKS FCC TO PUT BRAKES ON FOX'S EXPANSION PLANS". The Deseret News (via the New York Times News Service). September 27, 1994. Retrieved May 9, 2014..
- "NBC drops opposition to Fox". Broadcasting & Cable. February 20, 1995. Retrieved May 9, 2014.
- "STARTING OFF ON THE GROUND FLOOR DILLER BUYING HOME SHOPPING NETWORK, SAVOY PICTURES". Daily News. November 28, 1995.
- "Media Gen/LIN To Sell/Swap In Five Markets". TVNewsCheck. NewsCheck Media. March 21, 2014.