S1 of the Vienna S-Bahn is an electrified commuter rail service operating between Gänserndorf and Wien Meidling (Vienna Meidling station).

S1 Wien.svg
S1 approaching Praternstern.jpg
An S1 train to Wien Meidling at Wien Praterstern.
Overview
StatusOperating
OwnerÖBB
LocaleVienna
TerminiGänserndorf
Wien Meidling
Stations18
Service
TypeCommuter rail
SystemVienna S-Bahn
History
Opened12 January 1962 (1962-01-12)
Technical
Number of tracks2
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
Route map
0 mi
0 km
Gänserndorf
2.5 mi
4 km
Silberwald
5.0 mi
8 km
Strasshof
6.8 mi
10.9 km
Helmahof
8.1 mi
13 km
Deutsch Wagram
11.8 mi
19 km
Wien Süßenbrunn
S2 and S7
to Laa an der Thaya
13.7 mi
22 km
Wien Leopoldau
Wien U1.svg
15.5 mi
24.9 km
Wien Siemensstraße
S3 and S4
to Hollabrunn or Tullnerfeld
16.8 mi
27 km
Wien Floridsdorf
Wien U6.svg
18.0 mi
29 km
Wien Handelskai
Wien U6.svg
18.6 mi
29.9 km
Wien Traisengasse
19.3 mi
31.1 km
Wien Praterstern
Wien U1.svg Wien U2.svg
21.7 mi
34.9 km
Wien Mitte
Wien U3.svg Wien U4.svg
22.4 mi
36 km
Wien Rennweg
S7
to Wolfsthal
23.6 mi
38 km
Wien Quartier Belvedere
S60 and S80
to Bruck an der Leitha or Wien Aspern Nord
24 mi
39 km
Wien Hauptbahnhof
Wien U1.svg
25 mi
40 km
Wien Matzleinsdorfer Platz
26 mi
42 km
Wien Meidling
Wien U6.svg Logo Wiener Lokalbahn.svg
S60
to Wiener Neustadt Hbf
S80
to Unter Purkersdorf
S2, S3, and S4
to Mödling or Wiener Neustadt Hbf

HistoryEdit

The first plan for the Vienna S-Bahn was drafted in 1954, however due to World War II, the tracks around Vienna were badly damaged. The Federal railways invested heavily in this project as Vienna's railway infrastructure was basically reconstructed. A trunk line connecting the northern railway with the southern railway was built through the city center. On 31 May 1959, the northern railway bridge was reopened allowing rail traffic from Floridsdorf to enter the city to Praterstern. In the beginning of 1960, a second track was added to the trunk line in anticipation of the new traffic however, in the same year, a funding crisis temporarily halted construction and delayed opening by more than a year. On 8 January 1962 the first trail runs were made by two 4061 class electric locomotives and on 17 January 1962, the S-Bahn officially opened. A big ceremony was held at South station as the inaugural train departed to Gänserndorf. Austrian president Adolf Schärf, Vice Chancellor Bruno Pittermann, Mayor Franz Jonas, ÖBB president Maximilian Schantl and Transport Minister Karl Waldbrunner took part in the ceremony along with over 900 invited guests. Revenue service started at 23:45 that evening.[1]

The S-Bahn was an instant success. Many trains were overcrowded through the city center paving way for an agreement with VOR, the regional public transport company, allowing passengers to use city trams and S-Bahn trains with the same ticket. Service frequency was originally every hour but due to heavy ridership, frequency was increased to every half-hour on 28 May 1967. The tracks north of the Danube were renovated in 1972. In 1977 a park-and-ride facility was opened in Gänserndorf. Shortly after several more facilities were opened in other stations. On 23 May 1982 frequency was increased to Leopoldau to every 15 minutes in anticipation of the opening of the S2 line. Two new stations; Süßenbrunn and Helmahof were opened in 1980 and 1984 respectively. When the U1 line of the Vienna U-Bahn was completed to Leopoldau, a connection was built from the U-Bahn station to the S-Bahn station.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Eisenbahn 1962/3 S. 66