S45 (Vienna)

Line S45 of the Vienna S-Bahn, also known as the Vorortelinie (lit. Suburban Line) or Wiener Vorortelinie (lit. Vienna Suburban Line), is an electrified commuter rail service operating in Vienna, Austria.

S45 Wien.svg
Türkenschanzpark S45.JPG
A Handelskai-bound train at Türkenschanzpark, in 2013
Overview
Other name(s)Vorortelinie
Wiener Vorortelinie
StatusOperating
OwnerÖBB
LocaleVienna
TerminiWien Hütteldorf
Wien Handelskai
Stations10
Service
TypeCommuter rail
SystemVienna S-Bahn
History
Opened31 May 1987 (1987-05-31)
Technical
Line length16 km (9.9 mi)
Number of tracks2
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
Operating speedVmax=100
Route map
0 mi
0 km
Wien Handelskai
Wien U6.svg Stammstrecke Wien.png
1.8 mi
2.9 km
Wien Heiligenstadt
Wien U4.svg S-Bahn Austria.svg
2.4 mi
3.9 km
Wien Oberdöbling
3.1 mi
5 km
Wien Krottenbachstraße
3.7 mi
6 km
Wien Gersthof
4.9 mi
7.9 km
Wien Hernals
5.6 mi
9 km
Wien Ottakring
Wien U3.svg
6.2 mi
10 km
Wien Breitensee
S50
to Wien Westbahnhof
6.8 mi
10.9 km
Wien Penzing
S80
to Wien Aspern Nord
9.9 mi
15.9 km
Wien Hütteldorf
Wien U4.svg S-Bahn Austria.svg
S50 and S80
to Neulengbach or Unter Purkersdorf

The S45 is the only S-Bahn route to operate entirely within Viennese city limits, and it is the most frequently operated single S-Bahn service, with intervals of 10 minutes during weekdays and 15 minutes during weekends and holidays.

The S45 opened on 31 May 1987. It follows the route of part of the original Stadtbahn and still bears the architecture of the original Stadtbahn. Drivers based in Wien Franz-Jozefs Bahnhof and Wien Westbahnhof operate trains on the route. Unlike the Pink line or the “Stammstrecke” (lit. stem route), it is the only line servicing the route. It terminates at Handelskai (on the Stammstrecke) and also crosses the U6 there, the U3 at Ottakring and joins both ends of the U4 at Heiligenstadt and Hütteldorf.

Due to the short platform lengths, only single 4024s (Talent EMUs) and 4020s can operate on the route. The 474X train sets were also tested on the route, but it was found that their extendable door step took too long for them to be able to maintain good time on the route.

The maximum speed of the route is 100 km/h, between Hütteldorf and Penzing; however this speed is not always reached due to the way the route is signaled (i.e. due to the limitations of PZB90, which however don't apply to all 4020 EMUs as most of them use the outdated Indusi60).

HistoryEdit

The original route was opened on 11 May 1898 by the Vienna Stadtbahn. Steam powered trains operated between Wien Hütteldorf and Wien Heiligenstadt on a single track line. On 11 July 1932, passenger service was ended and only freight trains used the line.

In 1975 freight service was discontinued and the line was abandoned. In 1979 the City of Vienna, along with ÖBB brought up plans to reactivate the line. In the following years the line was renovated, expanded to two tracks and electrified with 15 kV 16,7 Hz.

In 1984 a final plan of the new route was concluded. Service began on 31 May 1987, nearly 55 years after passenger service was discontinued, between Hütteldorf and Heiligenstadt.

Passenger traffic greatly increased when service was extended past Heiligenstadt to Handelskai in 1996, offering a connection to the Vienna Trunk Line and increased even more when the U3 U-Bahn line was extended to Ottakring.

In 2007 rush hour frequency was increased from 15 minutes to 10 minutes and in December 2012 frequency was increased to 10 minutes on weekdays.[1]

From 15 December 2019, it is one of the routes where frequency have been increased with expected arrival every 10 minutes until 9PM. The move is expected to increase the connectivity within the city. [2]

Station ListingEdit

Station Connections Notes
Wien Hütteldorf S-Bahn:    
ÖBB: R, REX, CJX
Westbahn
U-Bahn:  
Bus: 43B, 47B, 49A, 50A, 50B, 52A, 52B, 53A, N49
Wieselbus
Regional buses
Opened in 1858 as part of the Western Railway, Stadtbahn section opened in 1898.
Wien Penzing S-Bahn:  
Tram: 52
Wien Breitensee Tram: 49
Bus: N49
Wien Ottakring U-Bahn:  
Tram: 2 46
Bus: 45A, 46A, 46B, 48A, N46
U-Bahn connection opened in 1998.
Wien Hernals Tram: 43
Bus: 42A, 44A, N43
Wien Gersthof Tram: 9 40 41
Bus: 10A, N41
Wien Krottenbachstraße Bus: 35A, N35
Wien Oberdöbling Tram: 38
Bus: 39A
Wien Heiligenstadt S-Bahn:  
ÖBB: R
U-Bahn:  
Tram: D
Bus: 5B, 10A, 11A, 38A, 39A
Wien Handelskai S-Bahn:          
ÖBB: R, REX
U-Bahn:  
Bus: 5A, 11A, 11B, N64
Service extended in 1996.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Vorortelinie wird ab 1987 bis Hütteldorf fahren, Arbeiterzeitung, 23 March 1984 - 27 March 2010
  2. ^ "Massive investments improve Vienna S-Bahn capabilities". www.themayor.eu. Retrieved 2020-04-09.