Sárvár

Coordinates: 47°15′N 16°56′E / 47.250°N 16.933°E / 47.250; 16.933

Sárvár (German: Kotenburg, Rotenturm an der Raab, Slovene: Mala Sela) is a town in Hungary in Vas.

Sárvár

Bassiana (in Latin)
Kotenburg / Rotenturm an der Raab (in German)
Mala Sela (in Slovene)
Sárvár Nádasdy-vár1.JPG
Flag of Sárvár
Flag
Coat of arms of Sárvár
Coat of arms
Sárvár is located in Hungary
Sárvár
Sárvár
Location of Sárvár
Coordinates: 47°15′15″N 16°56′08″E / 47.25415°N 16.93545°E / 47.25415; 16.93545
Country Hungary
CountyVas
DistrictSárvár
Area
 • Total64.64 km2 (24.96 sq mi)
Population
 • Total15,226[1]
 • Density242/km2 (630/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
9600, 9609
Area code(+36) 95
Websitewww.sarvar.hu

Sárvár lies on the banks of the River Rába at Kemeneshát. The population is nearly 16,000. The town has become a tourist centre of international renown.

EtymologyEdit

Sár means "mud" in Hungarian, and vár means "castle". The latter is a common ending for settlement names.

HistoryEdit

During the World War II, Sárvár was used as a centre for the internment for Polish soldiers who had arrived in Hungary in 1939. Later, during the World War II, Sárvár was used as a concentration camp for the internment for thousands of Serb families expelled by Hungarian soldiers from their homes in northern Serbia in 1941.[2] Now, there is a monument and graveyard for hundreds of Serbs who died in Sárvár concentration camp.[3]

SightsEdit

Sárvár's notable sights include the spa (with its famous medicinal water), a Baroque church, an arboretum, the park forest and the Csónakázó Lake. A number of rarities of cultural remains are shown in the exhibition halls of the Ferenc Nádasdy Museum.

CastleEdit

 
Aerial view of the castle

Through the Nádasdy family, the castle of Sárvár, now called Nádasdy Castle, played a significant role in the progress of Hungarian culture in the 16th and 17th centuries. The first Hungarian book, The New Testament of 1541, was printed here. The knight's hall of the castle is decorated with the battle scenes of Lord Chief Justice Ferenc Nádasdy (married to the notorious Elizabeth Báthory) and with scenes from the Old Testament.

The Nádasdy Castle and estate later became a property of the kings of Bavaria, and the former King Ludwig III died there in 1921, three years after being deposed.[4] During the World War II, the castle was used as the retreat of Ludwig's grandson Prince Albert of Bavaria.

Notable peopleEdit

British avian flu outbreakEdit

The Bernard Matthews Sága Foods plant in Sárvár, that processes turkeys, has been implicated in the H5N1 outbreak in Suffolk, England.[5]

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Sárvár is twinned with:[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Sárvár, KSH
  2. ^ http://www.politika.rs/sr/clanak/345274/Susret-prezivelih-logorasa-Sarvara
  3. ^ http://www.politika.rs/sr/clanak/345274/Susret-prezivelih-logorasa-Sarvara
  4. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica: a new survey of universal knowledge, vol. 14 (1961), p. 413
  5. ^ "Bird flu plant imported turkey from Hungary", Charles Clover, The Daily Telegraph, 9 February 2007
  6. ^ "Testvérvárosok". sarvarvaros.hu (in Hungarian). Sárvár. Retrieved 9 April 2021.

External linksEdit