Russell R. Waesche

Russell Randolph Waesche, Sr. (6 January 1886 – 17 October 1946) served as the eighth Commandant of the United States Coast Guard from 1936 to 1946, overseeing the service during World War II. He was the U.S. Coast Guard's longest serving commandant, having served ten years in that post. In addition, he was the first officer to hold the ranks of vice admiral and admiral within the Coast Guard.[1]

Russell Randolph Waesche, Sr.
Russell R Waesche.jpg
Waesche in the 1940s
Birth nameRussell Randolph Waesche
Born(1886-01-06)6 January 1886
Thurmont, Maryland, U.S.
Died17 October 1946(1946-10-17) (aged 60)
National Naval Medical Center
Bethesda, Maryland, U.S.
Place of burial
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch
Years of service1906–1946
RankUSCG O-10 shoulderboard.svg Admiral
Commands heldCommandant of the U.S. Coast Guard
Battles/warsWorld War II
Awards

Early life and educationEdit

Waesche was born and raised in Thurmont, Maryland.[2] He was fifth of the eight children of Leonard Randolph Waesche and Mary Martha Foreman. Waesche's grandfather George Henry Waesche was a German immigrant who had become a prominent figure in Carroll County, Maryland.[3] Following graduation from high school, Waesche attended Purdue University for a year before transferring to the U.S. Revenue Cutter Service School of Instruction and accepting an appointment as a cadet in 1904. He graduated from the Revenue Cutter School of Instruction in 1906.[2]

CareerEdit

After graduating with the rank of ensign, Wasche served in the North Atlantic, the Great Lakes, and the Pacific Northwest. In 1911, Waesche commanded USRC Arcata and USRC Pamlico. In 1915, Waesche was assigned to headquarters in Washington, D.C. While stationed in Washington in 1915, he took an active part in creating the Coast Guard with the merger of the Revenue Cutter Service and the U.S. Life-Saving Service. Waesche remained in Washington and in 1916, became the head of the communications division. During World War I, Waesche remained in Washington.[2]

In 1919, the 18th Amendment was passed, and Waesche was assigned to enforce prohibition at sea. He commanded various destroyers in preventing "rum runners" from entering port. He commanded USCGC Beale. After he served on Beale, he went to the Philadelphia Navy Yard and was the Coast Guard representative at the U.S. Sesquicentennial International Exposition. He later commanded USCGC Tucker. Waesche also commanded USCGC Bothwell (ex-Eagle 21) and USCGC Snohomish. At Coast Guard Headquarters, Waesche started the Coast Guard Institute and Correspondence School for warrant officers and enlisted personnel as well as the reorganization of Coast Guard field forces in 1932.[4]

In February 1932, he became liaison officer in the War Plans Division, Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, Navy Department. After completion of this duty he served as aide to Commandant Harry G. Hamlet, then he was Chief of the Finance Division, and Assistant Commandant.[5] He was appointed Commandant as rear admiral on 14 June 1936, and was largely responsible for the merger of the U.S. Lighthouse Service with the Coast Guard in 1939. [6] He was also instrumental in organizing a strong Coast Guard Reserve which underwent its greatest expansion in history.[7] During World War II, Waesche served as commandant of the Coast Guard and received honors for his service.[2]

Waesche was promoted to vice admiral in 1942 and admiral in 1945 and was the first Coast Guard officer to achieve those ranks.

Later life and deathEdit

Waesche retired from the Coast Guard on 31 December 1945 after serving the longest tenure as commandant in Coast Guard history.[2]

In March 1946, President Harry S. Truman nominated the ten top wartime generals and admirals of the United States Armed Forces including Waesche who were to retain permanently their wartime rank.[2]

Waesche died on 17 October 1946, nine months after retiring as Commandant, at the National Naval Medical Center in Bethesda, Maryland due to complications of leukemia. He is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.[8][2]

Personal lifeEdit

Waesche was married to Agnes R. (Cronin) Waesche (1894–1947) and had four sons.[2] His eldest son, Russell Randolph Waesche Jr. (1913–1998),[9] was a U.S. Coast Guard rear admiral who served as the commanding officer of USCGC Northwind from 1960 to 1962, with the rank of captain.[10] Another son, Harry Lee Waesche (1915–2000), was a U.S. Air Force colonel who served during World War II, the Korean War and the Vietnam War.[11]

Awards and decorationsEdit

Dates of rankEdit

Third lieutenant (USRCS) Second lieutenant (USRCS) First lieutenant Lieutenant commander Commander Captain
O-1 O-2 O-3 O-4 O-5 O-6
       
27 October 1906 2 September 1907 2 April 1917 12 January 1923 1 July 1926 Never held
Commodore Rear admiral Vice admiral Admiral
O-7 O-8 O-9 O-10
       
Never held 14 June 1936 10 March 1942 4 April 1945

[2]

LegacyEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

Citations
  1. ^ "Commandants of the U.S. Coast Guard & Chiefs of the Revenue Marine Division". Archived from the original on 20 May 2017. Retrieved 10 November 2020. 1936–1946 Admiral Russell R. Waesche. Appointed Commandant as Rear Admiral. Appointed Full Admiral 4 April 1945. First officer to attain ranks of Vice Admiral and Admiral.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Admiral Russel R. Waesche, Notable People, U.S. Coast Guard Historian's Office
  3. ^ Holdcraft, Obituaries...
  4. ^ Johnson, p. 150
  5. ^ Johnson, p. 258
  6. ^ Johnson, pp. 161–165
  7. ^ Johnson, p. 182
  8. ^ "Burial Detail: Waesche, Russell R". ANC Explorer.
  9. ^ Russell R. Waesche Jr., 84, Rear Admiral, The New York Times, 15 June 1998
  10. ^ "Rear Admiral Russel R. Waesche, Jr., Notable People, U.S. Coast Guard Historian's Office
  11. ^ "Fort Logan National Cemetery". www.interment.net. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
References cited

External linksEdit

Military offices
Preceded by
Harry G. Hamlet
Commandant of the Coast Guard
1936–1946
Succeeded by
Joseph F. Farley