Rufous-bellied tit

The rufous-bellied tit (Melaniparus rufiventris) is a species of bird in the tit family.

Rufous-bellied tit
Rufous-bellied Tit, Sakania, DRC (14766509703).jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Paridae
Genus: Melaniparus
M. rufiventris
Binomial name
Melaniparus rufiventris

Parus rufiventris

It is found in Africa from the Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo and northern Namibia east to Tanzania and northern Mozambique.

Its habitat is subtropical or tropical dry miombo forests.

This 15 cm (5.9 in) long bird has a black head, breast, wings and tail, grey upperparts, white fringes to the wing feathers, and rufous underparts. The adult has a yellow eye, brown in the duller juvenile.

The cinnamon-breasted tit (Melaniparus pallidiventris) has sometimes been considered conspecific with the rufous-bellied tit. The cinnamon-breasted tit has a dark grey breast, washed-out underparts, and a brown eye at all ages.

The rufous-bellied tit was formerly one of the many species in the genus Parus but was moved to the resurrected genus Melaniparus after a molecular phylogenetic analysis published in 2013 showed that the members of the new genus formed a distinct clade.[2][3]


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Parus rufiventris". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2013.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  2. ^ Johansson, U.S.; Ekman, J.; Bowie, R.C.K.; Halvarsson, P.; Ohlson, J.I.; Price, T.D.; Ericson, P.G.P. (2013). "A complete multilocus species phylogeny of the tits and chickadees (Aves: Paridae)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 69 (3): 852–860. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2013.06.019. PMID 23831453.
  3. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David (eds.). "Waxwings and their allies, tits & penduline tits". World Bird List Version 6.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
  • Harrap and Quinn, Tits, Nuthatches and Treecreepers Christopher Helm, 1996 ISBN 0-7136-3964-4

External linksEdit