Rudi Dornbusch

Rüdiger Dornbusch (June 8, 1942 – July 25, 2002) was a German economist who worked in the United States for most of his career.

Rudi Dornbusch
Born(1942-06-08)June 8, 1942
DiedJuly 25, 2002(2002-07-25) (aged 60)
NationalityGerman American
InstitutionsMIT 1975-2002
University of Chicago 1974–1975
University of Rochester 1972–1974
FieldInternational economics
School or
New Keynesianism
Alma materUniversity of Chicago Ph.D.
University of Geneva B.A.
Robert Mundell[1]
Andrew Abel[2]
Pedro Aspe
Eliana Cardoso
Jeffrey Frankel
Francesco Giavazzi
Paul Krugman[3]
Maurice Obstfeld[4]
Kenneth Rogoff[5]
Christina Romer[6]
José de Gregorio
D. Nathan Sheets
Ilan Goldfajn[7]
ContributionsOvershooting model
Dornbusch's law
Information at IDEAS / RePEc

Early life and educationEdit

Dornbusch was born in Krefeld in present-day North Rhine-Westphalia. After completing his secondary education at the Gymnasium am Moltkeplatz in Krefeld, he went to study abroad. He received his Licence en Sciences Politiques from the University of Geneva in 1966, where he also stayed on for a year as an assistant in economics in the Graduate Institute of International Studies, and subsequently moved to the United States, where he obtained his Ph.D. in economics from the University of Chicago.


He briefly worked as a lecturer in the Graduate School of Business at the University of Chicago. For two years he stayed at the University of Rochester as an assistant professor in the Department of Economics, followed by a year as associate professor of International Economics, again in the Graduate School of Business of the University of Chicago. In 1975 he moved to MIT, where he was appointed as associate professor in the Department of Economics. In 1984 he became professor of economics. He stayed at MIT until his death in 2002.[8]

Throughout his career his main focus was on international economics, especially monetary policy, macroeconomic development, growth and international trade. According to some of his students and associates his talent was to extract the heart of a problem and make it understandable in simple terms. For example, he explained fluctuations in prices and exchange rates with great clarity (notably with his Overshooting Model). He succeeded in making a more realistic model than Mundell-Fleming model with regard to a small open economic system, considering exchange rate expectations.[9] He worked also for the International Monetary Fund, making controversial contributions to the development of stabilisation policies, especially for Latin American countries. Along with Sebastian Edwards coined the term macroeconomic populism. For more than 15 years he served as an associate editor of the Quarterly Journal of Economics.

Together with Stanley Fischer he also wrote widely used undergraduate textbooks.

He died, aged sixty, from cancer.[10]

Major worksEdit

  • Macroeconomics, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1990 (with S. Fischer) 5th ed.
  • International Economic Policy: Theory and Evidence, Johns Hopkins University Press, (edited with J. A. Frenkel.)
  • Open Economy Macroeconomics, Basic Books, New York, 1980.
  • Inflation, Debt and Indexation, MIT Press, 1983. (ed. with M. H. Simonsen.)
  • Financial Policies and the World Capital Market, University of Chicago Press, 1983. (ed. with P. Aspe and M. Obstfeld.)
  • Economics, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1987, 2nd ed. (with S. Fischer and R. Schmalensee)
  • Restoring Europe's Prosperity, (with O. Blanchard and R. Layard) MIT Press, 1986.
  • Dollars, Debts and Deficits, MIT Press, 1987.
  • Macroeconomics and Finance, (Essays in Honor of Franco Modigliani) MIT Press, 1987, (Ed. with S. Fischer)
  • The Political Economy of Argentina, 1946–83, Macmillan, 1988. (ed. with G. diTella)
  • Exchange Rates and Inflation MIT Press, 1988.
  • Stopping High Inflation (ed. with M. Bruno, G. diTella and S. Fischer), MIT Press, 1988.
  • The Open Economy: Tools for Policy Makers in Developing Countries (ed. with Leslie Helmers) Oxford University Press, 1988.
  • Public Debt Management: Theory and History (ed. with Mario Draghi) Cambridge University Press, 1990.
  • Reform in Eastern Europe (jointly with O. Blanchard et al.) MIT Press, 1991.
  • Global Warming: Economic Policy Responses (ed. with J. Poterba) MIT Press, 1991.
  • The Macroeconomics of Populism in Latin America (ed. with S. Edwards). MIT Press, 1991.
  • East–West Migration (with Layard, Blanchard, and Krugman) MIT Press, 1992.
  • Postwar Economic Reconstruction and Lessons for the East Today (ed. with W. Nolling and R. Layard) MIT Press, 1993
  • Stabilization, Debt, and Reform: Policy Analysis For Developing Countries, Prentice Hall, 1993.
  • Reform, Recovery and Growth (ed. with S. Edwards) University of Chicago Press, 1994.
  • Financial Opening: Policy Lessons for Korea, (edited with Y. C. Park), Korea Institute of Finance, International Center For Economics Growth, 1995.
  • Keys to Prosperity: Free Markets, Sound Money, and a Bit of Luck, MIT Press, 2000.

Honors and distinctionsEdit


  1. ^ Rudi Dornbusch by Stanley Fischer - Project Syndicate
  2. ^ Abel, Andrew B. (1978). Investment and the value of capital (Ph.D.). MIT. Retrieved 22 October 2016.
  3. ^ Paul Krugman (May 24, 2018). "Turmoil for Turkey's Trump". The New York Times.
  4. ^ Capital mobility and monetary policy under fixed and flexible exchange rates.
  5. ^ Essays on expectations and exchange rate volatility
  6. ^ The instability of the prewar economy reconsidered : a critical examination of historical macroeconomic data.
  7. ^ Goldfajn, Ilan (1995). On public debt and exchange rates (Ph.D.). MIT. hdl:1721.1/11082. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
  8. ^ "Rudiger Dornbusch". The Economist. The Economist Newspaper Limited. 10 August 2002. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
  9. ^ Dornbusch, R. (1976). "Exchange Rate Expectations and Monetary Policy". Journal of International Economics 6 (3): 231–244.
  10. ^ "MIT international economist Rudiger Dornbusch dies at 60".
  11. ^ "Bernhard Harms Prize". Kiel Institute. Retrieved 5 August 2013.

External linksEdit