The Rubenids (Armenian: Ռուբինեաններ) or Roupenids were an Armenian[1] dynasty who dominated parts of Cilicia, and who established the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia. The dynasty takes its name from its founder, the Armenian prince Ruben I.[2] The Rubenids were princes, later kings, of Cilicia from around 1080 until they were surpassed by the Hethumids in the mid-thirteenth century.

Rubenids
Ռուբինեաններ

Rubenians, Roupenians, Rupenids, Roupenids
Rubenids dynasty coat of arms
Parent houseBagratuni Dynasty
Country Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia
Founded1080 (1080)
FounderRuben I
Final rulerIsabella I
Titles
Dissolution1252 (main line)
1342 (Hethumid-Rubenids)
1393 (Lusignan-Hethumid-Rubenids)
Deposition1375 (Lusignan-Hethumid-Rubenids)
Cadet branchesHethumids

The new Armenian state established very close relations with European countries and played a very important role during the Crusades, providing the Christian armies a haven and provisions on their way towards Jerusalem. Intermarriage with European crusading families was common, and European religious, political, and cultural influence was strong.

Rubenid Princes of ArmeniaEdit

Rubenid Kings of ArmeniaEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Little Armenia | medieval kingdom, Asia | Britannica". Little Armenia, also called Lesser Armenia, or Armenia Minor, kingdom established in Cilicia, on the southeast coast of Anatolia, by the Armenian Rubenid dynasty in the 12th century.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. ^ Baumstark 2011, p. 103.
  • Baumstark, Anton (2011). On the Historical Development of the Liturgy. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press. ISBN 9780814660966.
  • Boase, T. S. R. (1978). The Cilician Kingdom of Armenia. Edinburgh: Scottish Academic Press. ISBN 0-7073-0145-9.
  • Edwards, Robert W. (1987). The Fortifications of Armenian Cilicia: Dumbarton Oaks Studies XXIII. Washington, D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks, Trustees for Harvard University. ISBN 0-88402-163-7.