The House of Rubenid (Armenian: Ռուբինեաններ) or Roupenid was an Armenian[1] dynasty who dominated parts of Cilicia, and who established the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia. The dynasty takes its name from its founder, the Armenian prince Ruben I.[2] The Rubenids were princes, later kings, of Cilicia from around 1080 until they were surpassed by the Hethumids in the mid-thirteenth century.


Rubenians, Roupenians, Rupenids, Roupenids
Rubenids dynasty coat of arms
Parent houseBagratuni dynasty
Country Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia
Founded1080 (1080)
FounderRuben I
Final rulerIsabella I
Dissolution1252 (main line)
1342 (Hethumid-Rubenids)
1393 (Lusignan-Hethumid-Rubenids)
Deposition1375 (Lusignan-Hethumid-Rubenids)
Cadet branchesHethumids

History edit

The Rubenid dynasty was established when Ruben's great-grandson, Thoros, was appointed governor of a region in Cilicia by the Byzantine Emperor. Thoros expanded his territory and declared himself the ruler of the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia in 1080. The Rubenids continued to rule Cilicia for over a century, with various members of the family taking the throne.

Under the Rubenids, the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia flourished culturally and economically, with a vibrant artistic and literary scene. The Rubenid rulers also maintained close ties with the Crusaders, who recognized Cilicia as a Christian ally in the region. However, the kingdom ultimately fell to the Mamluk Sultanate in 1375.

The new Armenian state established very close relations with European countries and played a very important role during the Crusades, providing the Christian armies a haven and provisions on their way towards Jerusalem. Intermarriage with European crusading families was common, and European religious, political, and cultural influence was strong.

Rubenid princes of Armenia edit

Rubenid kings of Armenia edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Little Armenia | medieval kingdom, Asia | Britannica". Little Armenia, also called Lesser Armenia, or Armenia Minor, kingdom established in Cilicia, on the southeast coast of Anatolia, by the Armenian Rubenid dynasty in the 12th century.
  2. ^ Baumstark 2011, p. 103.
  • Baumstark, Anton (2011). On the Historical Development of the Liturgy. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press. ISBN 9780814660966.
  • Boase, T. S. R. (1978). The Cilician Kingdom of Armenia. Edinburgh: Scottish Academic Press. ISBN 0-7073-0145-9.
  • Edwards, Robert W. (1987). The Fortifications of Armenian Cilicia: Dumbarton Oaks Studies XXIII. Washington, D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks, Trustees for Harvard University. ISBN 0-88402-163-7.