Royal Monmouthshire Royal Engineers

The Royal Monmouthshire Royal Engineers (Militia) is the most senior regiment of the British Army Reserve.[2] The regiment was formed in 1539 during the reign of by King Henry VIII, making it the second oldest regiment of the British Army (The Honorable Artillery Company was formed in formed in 1537). The R Mon RE (M) became a militia unit in 1660 and then became a part of the Royal Engineers in 1877.[3]

Royal Monmouthshire Royal Engineers (Militia)
Royal Monmouthshire Militia Cap badge.png
Cap badge
Active1539–present
Country United Kingdom
Branch British Army
TypeField Engineers
SizeRegiment
515 personnel[1]
Part of25 (Close Support) Engineer Group
Regimental HQMonmouth Castle, Monmouth
MarchAp Jenkyn (Regimental Quick March)
Engagements
Commanders
Royal Honorary ColonelThe Duke of Gloucester
Insignia
Arm BadgeMilitia Flash

HistoryEdit

 
The Royal Monmouthshire Light Infantry in 1855 at Pembroke Dock.

The two 'Royals'Edit

The regiment was formed as a posse comitatus in 1539 during the reign of by King Henry VIII; it went on to become a trained band and then a militia unit in 1660.[4] It is unique in having the word 'Royal' appear twice in its name. It gained the first Royal in 1804 when it was the Monmouth and Brecon Militia. The second was acquired in 1877 when the regiment transferred from an infantry unit into a Special Reserve section of the expanding Royal Engineers.[5]

On 1 April 1967, the existing regiment absorbed 43rd Wessex Division RE (TA), 48th South Midland Division RE (TA) and 53rd Welsh Division RE (TA).[6]

Seniority dispute with the Honourable Artillery CompanyEdit

The records of the Honorable Artillery Company (HAC) indicate that it was formed two years prior to the Royal Monmouthshire Royal Engineers (Militia). However, in 1930 the Army Council (Army Board from 1964) reviewed the Army's precedence table and King George V agreed that, on account of its status as a militia unit, the Royal Monmouthshire Royal Engineers (Militia) were the senior regiment.[2] In 1957 the matter was investigated further and Queen Elizabeth II also agreed that the Royal Monmouthshire Royal Engineers (Militia) were the senior regiment:[2]

From:-Lieut.-Colonel The Rt. Hon. Sir Michael Adeane, K.C.B., K.C.V.O . Private Secretary to the Queen, Buckingham Palace, S.W.1. 12th March, 1957.

My dear Playfair, Thank you for your letter of 8th March which I have laid before The Queen and which Her Majesty has read with interest. I am to say that the recommendation of the Honours and Distinctions Committee with regard to the relative precedence of the Royal Monmouthshire Royal Engineers and the Honourable ArtiIlery Company meets with the Queen's approval.

Yours sincerely,

M. E. ADEANE

The Royal Jersey MilitiaEdit

The Jersey Militia were brought under the command of the R Mon RE (M) in 2007. The Jersey Militia was formed in 1337 when Edward III ordered "all his faithful peoples of the islands" to be prepared - by forming a militia - for possible war with France.[7] The militia defended the island against several pirate raids, and in 1549 against a French invasion attempt.[8] The militia played a role in the Battle of Jersey, for which its actions gained it the 'Royal' title.[9]

Current organisationEdit

The current organisation of the regiment is as follows:[10]

Regimental museumEdit

 
Colours of the Royal Monmouthshire Royal Engineers

The regimental museum of the Royal Monmouthshire Royal Engineers is in Monmouth Castle.[18]

Notable OfficersEdit

Order of precedenceEdit

Preceded by Order of Precedence Succeeded by

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Army – Question for Ministry of Defence". p. 1. Retrieved 14 December 2020.
  2. ^ a b c "Seniority". www.monmouthcastlemuseum.org.uk. Retrieved 8 November 2021.
  3. ^ "Home". www.monmouthcastlemuseum-archives.org.uk. Retrieved 8 November 2021.
  4. ^ "Origins". www.monmouthcastlemuseum.org.uk. Retrieved 8 November 2021.
  5. ^ "The Regimental Archive of the Royal Monmouthshire Royal Engineers (Militia)". Monmouth Castle. Retrieved 31 December 2011.
  6. ^ "Corps of Royal Engineers, Volunteer Regiments". Archived from the original on 22 September 2007. Retrieved 31 August 2012.
  7. ^ "Royal Jersey Militia: Castle and Regimental Museum - Monmouth". www.monmouthcastlemuseum.org.uk. Retrieved 8 November 2021.
  8. ^ "Jardin D'Olivet (1549 Battlefield site)". History Alive. Retrieved 8 November 2021.
  9. ^ "Royal Jersey Militia: Castle and Regimental Museum - Monmouth". www.monmouthcastlemuseum.org.uk. Retrieved 8 November 2021.
  10. ^ "About us". R Mon RE (M). Retrieved 13 May 2021.
  11. ^ "The Castle, Monmouth NP25 3BS". Army Careers. Retrieved 17 April 2021.
  12. ^ "Chapman House, Ty Coch Way, Swmbran NP44 7HB". Army Careers. Retrieved 17 April 2021.
  13. ^ "The Artillery Grounds, Whiteladies Road, Bristol BS8 2LG". Army Careers. Retrieved 17 April 2021.
  14. ^ "John Chard VC House, Glamorgan Street, Swansea SA1 3SY". Army Careers. Retrieved 17 April 2021.
  15. ^ "Gundolph House, Wolverhampton Road, Oldbury B68 8DH". Army Careers. Retrieved 17 April 2021.
  16. ^ "Baskeyfield House, Anchor Road, Stoke on Trent ST3 5BL". Army Careers. Retrieved 17 April 2021.
  17. ^ "156 Walsall Road, Bridgetown, Cannock WS11 0JB". Army Careers. Retrieved 17 April 2021.
  18. ^ "The Castle and Regimental Museum". Monmouth Castle Museum. Retrieved 31 December 2011.
  19. ^ "Lead, Follow, Or Get Out The Way - Military Mantra That TV's Jules Hudson Lives By". Forces Network. 22 January 2020. Retrieved 8 November 2021.

External linksEdit