Rowing at the 1924 Summer Olympics – Men's single sculls

The men's single sculls event was part of the rowing programme at the 1924 Summer Olympics. The competition, the sixth appearance of the event, was held from 14 to 17 July 1924 on the river Seine.[1] There were 8 competitors from 8 nations, with each nation limited to a single boat.[2] The event was won by Jack Beresford of Great Britain, the nation's third victory in the event (most among nations at that point). Beresford, who had lost a tightly contested final in 1920 to John B. Kelly Sr., became the first man to win multiple medals in the single sculls though it required him having to compete in the repechage to even secure a place in the final. Great Britain's podium streak in the event extended to four Games; the nation had won a medal each of the five times it appeared, missing only 1904.

Men's single sculls
at the Games of the VIII Olympiad
Jack Beresford 1920.jpg
Gold medalist Jack Beresford (1920)
VenueSeine
Dates14–17 July
Competitors8 from 8 nations
Winning time7:49.2
Medalists
1st place, gold medalist(s) Jack Beresford
 Great Britain
2nd place, silver medalist(s) William Gilmore
 United States
3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Josef Schneider
 Switzerland
← 1920
1928 →

American William Gilmore, who had beaten Beresford in the semifinals, finished second to the British rower in the final to take silver. Like Great Britain, the United States had reached the podium in each of its appearances in the event (this being its third). Josef Schneider of Switzerland earned bronze, the nation's first medal in the event.

BackgroundEdit

This was the sixth appearance of the event. Rowing had been on the programme in 1896 but was cancelled due to bad weather. The single sculls has been held every time that rowing has been contested, beginning in 1900.[2]

The only returning sculler from the 1920 Games was silver medalist Jack Beresford of Great Britain. He was the favorite in 1924, having won the 1920 and 1924 Diamond Challenge Sculls and being in the midst of seven consecutive Wingfield Sculls victories. His rival from 1920, gold medalist John B. Kelly Sr., competed only in the double sculls in 1924. The American boat at the Paris Games was instead rowed by William Gilmore, who had been quite successful since a 1919 debut. Gilmore, Canadian Arthur Belyea, and European champion Josef Schneider of Switzerland were significant challengers, though Belyea was hampered by neuritis in his hip.[2]

Australia and Poland each made their debut in the event. Great Britain made its fifth appearance, most among nations, having missed only the 1904 Games in St. Louis.

Competition formatEdit

The 1924 competition introduced the repechage, giving losing rowers a second chance at advancement. The tournament featured three rounds: semifinals, a repechage, and a final. There were three semifinals, each with 2 or 3 rowers, with the top finisher in each semifinal advancing directly to the final. The second-place rower in each semifinal competed in the repechage, while the third-place finishers in the semifinals with 3 rowers were eliminated. The repechage consisted of the three men who had finished second in their semifinals; the top sculler advanced to the final. The final featured four rowers. The course used the 2000 metres distance that became the Olympic standard in 1912.[3]

ScheduleEdit

Date Time Round
Monday, 14 July 1924 Semifinals
Repechage
Thursday, 17 July 1924 Final

ResultsEdit

SemifinalsEdit

Semifinal 1Edit

Rank Rower Nation Time Notes
1 Arthur Bull   Australia 7:19.0 Q
2 Marc Detton   France 7:19.2 R
3 Andrzej Osiecimski-Czapski   Poland Unknown

Semifinal 2Edit

Belyea finished one length behind Pieterse.

Rank Rower Nation Time Notes
1 Josef Schneider   Switzerland 7:15.6 Q
2 Constant Pieterse   Netherlands 7:17.8 R
3 Arthur Belyea   Canada Unknown

Semifinal 3Edit

Rank Rower Nation Time Notes
1 William Gilmore   United States 7:03.2 Q
2 Jack Beresford   Great Britain 7:07.4 R

RepechageEdit

Rank Rower Nation Time Notes
1 Jack Beresford   Great Britain 8:00.4 Q
2 Constant Pieterse   Netherlands 8:09.4
3 Marc Detton   France DNF

FinalEdit

Rank Rower Nation Time
  Jack Beresford   Great Britain 7:49.2
  William Gilmore   United States 7:54.0
  Josef Schneider   Switzerland 8:01.1
4 Arthur Bull   Australia DNF

Results summaryEdit

Rank Rower Nation Semifinals Repechage Final
  Jack Beresford   Great Britain 7:07.4 8:00.4 7:49.2
  William Gilmore   United States 7:03.2 Bye 7:54.0
  Josef Schneider   Switzerland 7:15.6 Bye 8:01.1
4 Ted Bull   Australia 7:19.0 Bye DNF
5 Constant Pieterse   Netherlands 7:17.8 8:09.4 Did not advance
6 Marc Detton   France 7:19.2 DNF
7 Andrzej Osiecimski-Czapski   Poland Unknown Did not advance
Arthur Belyea   Canada Unknown

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Evans, Hilary; Gjerde, Arild; Heijmans, Jeroen; Mallon, Bill; et al. "Rowing at the 1924 Paris Summer Games: Men's Single Sculls". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 18 April 2020. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
  2. ^ a b c "Single Sculls, Men". Olympedia. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
  3. ^ "Why Do We Race 2000m? The History Behind the Distance". World Rowing. 1 May 2017. Retrieved 19 April 2021.

SourcesEdit