Rottofreno (Piacentino: Altufrèi, Artufrèi, Ltufrèi or Rtufrèi) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Piacenza in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 160 kilometres (99 mi) northwest of Bologna and about 12 kilometres (7 mi) west of Piacenza.

Comune di Rottofreno
Location of Rottofreno
Rottofreno is located in Italy
Location of Rottofreno in Italy
Rottofreno is located in Emilia-Romagna
Rottofreno (Emilia-Romagna)
Coordinates: 45°3′N 9°33′E / 45.050°N 9.550°E / 45.050; 9.550
ProvincePiacenza (PC)
FrazioniSan Nicolò a Trebbia, Santimento, Centora
 • MayorRaffaele Veneziani (Lista Civica)
 • Total34.5 km2 (13.3 sq mi)
65 m (213 ft)
 (31 December 2011)[2]
 • Total11,703
 • Density340/km2 (880/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
Dialing code0523

Rottofreno borders the following municipalities: Borgonovo Val Tidone, Calendasco, Chignolo Po, Gragnano Trebbiense, Monticelli Pavese, Piacenza, and Sarmato.

The main settlement of the comune is San Nicolò, which has more inhabitants than Rottofreno proper.

Name and historyEdit

According to a legend, the name (meaning "broken bit") derives from an event during the Carthaginian invasion of Italy (218–201 BC), when Hannibal allegedly broke here the bit of his horse. The event is also remembered in the city's coat of arms. In reality the name is from the Lombard roth ("glory") and fridu ("friendship", "safeness"). The village was in fact called Rottofredo during the Middle Ages.

On 12 August 1746 during the War of Austrian Succession, a battle was fought here between a French-Spanish army and an Austrian force. This event is known as the Battle of Rottofredo (or Rottofreddo).

Main sightsEdit

Demographic evolutionEdit

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.