Rosh Pina (ראש פינה) is a lay-led independent minyan in Washington, D.C.. It meets for Shabbat morning services twice a month in the National Museum of American Jewish Military History (NMAJMH). It also meets occasionally for Friday night and holiday services, in addition to organizing social and educational events such as shabbatonim and parties to celebrate Hanukkah, Purim and other Jewish holidays.
Rosh Pina's website describes it as "a dati community built around a common commitment to halakha, tefillah, and equality. It was founded in 2007 as a partnership minyan in order to provide a Religious environment that was more inclusive of women's participation than traditional Orthodox synagogues.
Services and liturgyEdit
The congregation combines a traditional liturgy with certain prayer leadership opportunities for women, including Kabbalat Shabbat on Friday nights, Pesukei DeZimra, removing and replacing the Torah in the Ark, and reading from and being called up to the Torah on Saturday mornings. A mechitza separating men and women runs down the middle of the room. Its practices are similar to those of Shira Hadasha in Jerusalem and Darkhei Noam in New York City.
The practices of Rosh Pina and communities like it are based on an opinion by Modern Orthodox Rabbi Mendel Shapiro, who holds B.A. and M.S. degrees from Yeshiva University and a J.D. from Columbia University, received his smikhah (rabbinic ordination) from Yeshiva University, and now practices law in Jerusalem. In his Halakhic (Jewish law) analysis, entitled "Qeri’at ha-Torah by Women: A Halakhic Analysis," he calls upon those times throughout our history when women have received aliyyot to (have been called up to) and have read from the Torah in communal services with men and women present, and carefully examines the circumstances in which this took place. His position and conclusions have subsequently been supported and expanded upon by Rabbi Dr Daniel Sperber  (Professor of Talmud at Bar-Ilan University in his article entitled "Congregational Dignity and Human Dignity: Women and Public Torah Reading." He, too, delves into specific cases when Jewish law permitted and sometimes even required women to be called to and read from the Torah on Shabbat in services with men present.
Rabbi Gil Student has weighed in against the practice, as have rabbis Aryeh and Dov Frimer, who wrote that "these practices are a radical break from the ritual of millennia and have not received the approval of any major posek."
- "Website of Rosh Pina". Retrieved 2013-01-21.
- "About Shira Hadasha". Shira Hadasha Website. Retrieved 21 January 2013.
- "About Darkhei Noam". Retrieved 21 January 2013.
- Mendel Shapiro, "Qeri’at ha-Torah by Women: A Halakhic Analysis" (Edah 1:2, 2001) (pdf)
- Daniel Sperber, "Congregational Dignity and Human Dignity: Women and Public Torah Reading” (Edah 3:2, 2002) (pdf)
- Student, Gil (January 31, 2013). "Conservative Orthodoxy". Hirhurim - Musings. Retrieved February 11, 2013.
- Frimer, Aryeh A.; Frimer, Dov I. (May 23, 2010). "Partnership Minyanim". Text & Texture. Retrieved February 11, 2013.
- Jacqueline L. Salmon, "Synthesis Outside the Synagogue", Washington Post, April 29, 2009.
- Sperber, Daniel. Women and Men in Communal Prayer: Halakhic Perspectives. KTAV Publishing House, 2010. ISBN 978-1602801523
- Ross, Tamar. Expanding the Palace of Torah: Orthodoxy and Feminism. Brandeis University Press, 2004, pp. 97–98; 179-183. ISBN 978-1-58465-390-5
- Tova Hartman, Feminism Encounters Traditional Judaism: Resistance and Accommodation. Brandeis University Press, 2007. ISBN 1-58465-658-1.