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Rombaken (Norwegian) or Ruoppat (Northern Sami) (or unofficially: Rombaksfjord) is a fjord that branches off of the main Ofotfjorden in Narvik Municipality in Nordland county, Norway. The fjord is about 20 kilometres (12 mi) long and is surrounded by steep mountainsides and the town of Narvik lies on the south shore of the mouth of the fjord. The European route E06 and European route E10 highways run along the northern shores of the fjord. The fjord has two bridge crossings: the Hålogaland Bridge, completed in 2018, crosses at mouth of the Rombaken fjord and the Rombak Bridge which crosses at a narrow point about mid-way down the fjord.[1]

Rombaken  (Norwegian)
Rombaksfjorden
Rombak Bridge.jpg
View of the bridge over the fjord
Rombaken is located in Nordland
Rombaken
Rombaken
Location of the fjord
Rombaken is located in Norway
Rombaken
Rombaken
Rombaken (Norway)
LocationNordland county, Norway
Coordinates68°27′34″N 17°35′20″E / 68.4595°N 17.5888°E / 68.4595; 17.5888Coordinates: 68°27′34″N 17°35′20″E / 68.4595°N 17.5888°E / 68.4595; 17.5888
TypeFjord
Native nameRuoppat  (Northern Sami)
Basin countriesNorway
Max. length20 kilometres (12 mi)
Max. depth344 metres (1,129 ft)
SettlementsNarvik

Contents

HistoryEdit

Along the inner part of the fjord there used to be a city—Rombaksbotn—with 700 inhabitants.[2] It had its time of greatness during the construction of the Ofotbanen, between 1898-1903.[2]

World War IIEdit

Rombaken was the site of several naval battles during the Battle of Narvik in World War II. Ten German destroyers, half the destroyer force of the Kriegsmarine, and one U-Boat were sunk during the battle.

After World War IIEdit

Parts of the bow of the German destroyer Georg Thiele remain visible above the water in Rombaksbotn to this day. The wrecks at Narvik remain popular diving spots, although some are off-limits because they still contain undetonated ammunition[3] Three of the German destroyers were lifted in 1964 and moved to Framnesodden, near Eidsvoid,[citation needed] to clear the shipping lane. The destroyers Anton Schmitt, Diether von Roeder and Wilhelm Heidkamp rest in 12 m (39 ft) of water there and were opened for diving. A number of other wrecks are accessible, too, but most have been preserved as historic sites and it is forbidden to dive to them.[4]

Media galleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Henriksen, Petter (ed.). "Rombaken". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 12 October 2011.
  2. ^ a b Hadde både bordell og bowlingbane - så forsvant byen [Had brothel and bowling lane - then the city disappeared]
  3. ^ George Thiele (Z-2) (+1940) wrecksite.eu, accessed: 20 November 2010
  4. ^ Wrecks of Narvik - wreck diving in the Narvik area accessed: 21 November 2010