Rolling Hills Estates, California

Rolling Hills Estates is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. On the northern side of the Palos Verdes Peninsula, facing Torrance, Rolling Hills Estates is mostly residential. Incorporated in 1957, Rolling Hills Estates has many horse paths. The population was 8,067 at the 2010 census, up from 7,676 at the 2000 census. In 2018 the population rose to 8,141.

Rolling Hills Estates, California
City of Rolling Hills Estates
Promenade on the Peninsula mall, Rolling Hills Estates
Promenade on the Peninsula mall, Rolling Hills Estates
Official seal of Rolling Hills Estates, California
Seal
Location of Rolling Hills Estates in Los Angeles County, California
Location of Rolling Hills Estates in Los Angeles County, California
Rolling Hills Estates, California is located in the United States
Rolling Hills Estates, California
Rolling Hills Estates, California
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 33°46′25″N 118°21′39″W / 33.77361°N 118.36083°W / 33.77361; -118.36083Coordinates: 33°46′25″N 118°21′39″W / 33.77361°N 118.36083°W / 33.77361; -118.36083
Country United States
State California
County Los Angeles
IncorporatedSeptember 18, 1957[1]
Government
 • MayorVelveth Schmitz[2]
Area
 • Total3.61 sq mi (9.36 km2)
 • Land3.57 sq mi (9.24 km2)
 • Water0.04 sq mi (0.11 km2)  1.22%
Elevation469 ft (143 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total8,067
 • Estimate 
(2018)[5]
8,141
 • Density2,304.20/sq mi (890.26/km2)
Time zoneUTC-8 (PST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP Code
90274, 90275[6]
Area code(s)310
FIPS code06-62644
GNIS feature IDs1661326, 2410987
Websitewww.ci.rolling-hills-estates.ca.us

HistoryEdit

It was Los Angeles County's 60th municipality, incorporated on September 18, 1957.[1]

GeographyEdit

Rolling Hills Estates is located on the Palos Verdes Peninsula.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.359 square kilometers (3.6 sq mi), 0.115 km2 (0.04 sq mi) of it (1.22%) is water.

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
19603,941
19706,73570.9%
19807,70114.3%
19907,7891.1%
20007,676−1.5%
20108,0675.1%
Est. 20188,141[5]0.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

2010Edit

The 2010 US Census[8] reported that Rolling Hills Estates had a population of 8,067. The population density was 2,232.4 people per square mile (862.0/km²). The racial makeup of Rolling Hills Estates was 5,463 (67.7%) White (63.6% Non-Hispanic White),[9] 109 (1.4%) African American, 19 (0.2%) Native American, 2,007 (24.9%) Asian, 8 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 120 (1.5%) from other races, and 341 (4.2%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 499 persons (6.2%).

The Census reported that 8,067 people (100% of the population) lived in households, 0 (0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.

There were 2,965 households, out of which 1,023 (34.5%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 2,100 (70.8%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 192 (6.5%) had a female householder with no husband present, 83 (2.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 45 (1.5%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 23 (0.8%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 512 households (17.3%) were made up of individuals and 353 (11.9%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72. There were 2,375 families (80.1% of all households); the average family size was 3.07.

The population was spread out with 1,890 people (23.4%) under the age of 18, 417 people (5.2%) aged 18 to 24, 1,211 people (15.0%) aged 25 to 44, 2,680 people (33.2%) aged 45 to 64, and 1,869 people (23.2%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.2 males.

There were 3,100 housing units at an average density of 857.9 per square mile (331.2/km²), of which 2,714 (91.5%) were owner-occupied, and 251 (8.5%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.8%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.9%. 7,302 people (90.5% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 765 people (9.5%) lived in rental housing units.

According to the 2010 United States Census, Rolling Hills Estates had a median household income of $143,958, with 3.5% of the population living below the federal poverty line.[9]

2000Edit

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 7,676 people, 2,806 households, and 2,334 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,139.1 inhabitants per square mile (825.5/km²). There were 2,880 housing units at an average density of 802.6 per square mile (309.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 73.9% White, 20.3% Asian, 1.2% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.0% from other races, and 3.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.8% of the population.

There were 2,806 households out of which 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 74.6% were married couples living together, 6.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.8% were non-families. 15.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the city, the population was spread out with 24.3% under the age of 18, 4.7% from 18 to 24, 21.2% from 25 to 44, 30.9% from 45 to 64, and 18.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $109,010, and the median income for a family was $119,974. Males had a median income of $100,000+ versus $52,295 for females. The per capita income for the city was $51,849. About 1.1% of families and 1.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.6% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.

Ethnic groupsEdit

By 1992 many wealthier Korean Americans moved to the Palos Verdes Peninsula. Rolling Hills Estates was among five cities in the South Bay that had the largest increases in ethnic Koreans from 1980 to 1990.[11] In 1990, 200 ethnic Koreans lived in Rolling Hills Estates, a 160% increase from the 1980 figure of 77 ethnic Koreans.[12]

EducationEdit

The city is served by Palos Verdes Peninsula Unified School District. PVPUSD schools have constantly ranked among the best in California and the nation. The Washington Post once ranked Palos Verdes Peninsula High School as the 8th best public or private high school in the nation.[citation needed].

Rolling Hills Country Day School is a private school that serves grades K–8. Chadwick School, a well-known K–12 private school, is located on Academy Hill, an unincorporated neighborhood administered by the county, but is actually just blocks away from the Rolling Hills Estates city hall and serves the entire Palos Verdes Peninsula area, including Rolling Hills Estates.

The Palos Verdes Library District operates the Peninsula Center Library in Rolling Hills Estates.[13]

Nishiyamato Academy of California opened in April 1993. It was originally located in the former Dapplegray School building in Rolling Hills Estates. It was founded by Ryotaro Tanose, a Japanese Diet member, as a sister school of the Nishiyamato Gakuen Junior High School and High School in Kawai, Nara Prefecture, Japan.[14] Currently it is located in Lomita.[15]

EconomyEdit

Top employersEdit

According to the City's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[16] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Palos Verdes Peninsula Unified School District
2 Equinox Fitness 115
3 Pavilions 100
4 Rolling Hills Country Club 100
5 Rolling Hills Covenant Church 95
6 Bristol Farms 85
7 Marmalade Café 69
8 CVS/pharmacy 65
9 Red Onion 60
10 Spectrum Athletic Clubs 60

RetailEdit

The city contains The Promenade on the Peninsula mall, originally an enclosed regional mall with two department store anchors, May Company California and Bullocks Wilshire, as well as the Peninsula Center, which originally had a Buffums department store.[17]

PoliticsEdit

Rolling Hills Estates is one of the most historically Republican cities in Los Angeles County. In 1964, the city supported GOP nominee Barry Goldwater by a margin of greater than 40 points, even as he lost the state of California by almost 18.5 points[18] From 1968–1988, the Republican nominee exceeded 75% of the vote in the city in all six elections. The percentage of the vote received by the Republicans would decline substantially thereafter, with only George W. Bush in 2000 breaking 60% of the vote. In 2016, GOP nominee Donald Trump lost Rolling Hills Estates by a margin of nearly five points. Trump's percentage in Rolling Hills Estates did however exceed his percentage of the vote in the state of California by nearly 13 points, and his percentage of the vote in Los Angeles County by nearly 22 points.[19]

Rolling Hills Estates city vote
by party in presidential elections
Year Democratic Republican Third Parties
2016[20] 49.17% 2,135 44.38% 1,927 6.45% 280
2012[21] 38.90% 1,788 58.92% 2,708 2.18% 100
2008[22] 42.47% 1,927 55.63% 2,524 1.90% 86
2004[23] 39.13% 1,312 59.80% 2,005 1.07% 36
2000[24] 34.66% 1,061 61.74% 1,890 3.59% 110
1996[25] 30.98% 1,002 59.62% 1,928 9.40% 304
1992[26] 29.01% 973 52.12% 1,748 18.87% 633
1988[27] 24.00% 1,107 75.03% 3,461 0.97% 45
1984[28] 18.95% 742 80.13% 3,137 0.92% 36
1980[29] 14.22% 591 76.88% 3,196 8.90% 370
1976[30] 22.71% 906 76.05% 3,034 1.23% 49
1972[31] 19.59% 696 77.56% 2,755 2.84% 101
1968[32] 20.22% 599 75.79% 2,245 3.98% 118
1964[33] 18.80% 672 71.20% 1,661

RepresentationEdit

In the California State Legislature, Rolling Hills Estates is in the 26th Senate District, represented by Democrat Ben Allen, and in the 66th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Al Muratsuchi.[34]

In the United States House of Representatives, Rolling Hills Estates is in California's 33rd congressional district, represented by Democrat Ted Lieu.[35]

The Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department (LASD) operates the Lomita Station in Lomita, serving Rolling Hills Estates.[36]

The Los Angeles County Department of Health Services operates the Torrance Health Center in Harbor Gateway, Los Angeles, near Torrance and serving Rolling Hills Estates.[37]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on 2014-11-03. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
  2. ^ "RHE - City Council". Archived from the original on 2009-09-12. Retrieved 2007-01-18.
  3. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jun 28, 2017.
  4. ^ "Rolling Hills Estates". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved October 11, 2014.
  5. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved August 25, 2019.
  6. ^ "USPS - ZIP Code Lookup - Find a ZIP+ 4 Code By City Results". Retrieved 2007-01-18.
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  8. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Rolling Hills Estates city". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  9. ^ a b http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0662644.html. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  11. ^ Millacan, Anthony. "Presence of Koreans Reshaping the Region : Immigrants: A developing Koreatown in Gardena symbolizes changes a growing population is bringing to the area." (Archive) Los Angeles Times. February 2, 1992. Metro; PART-B; Zones Desk p. 3. p. 1 of 2. Retrieved on August 30, 2013.
  12. ^ Millacan, Anthony. "Presence of Koreans Reshaping the Region : Immigrants: A developing Koreatown in Gardena symbolizes changes a growing population is bringing to the area." (Archive) Los Angeles Times. February 2, 1992. Metro; PART-B; Zones Desk p. 3. p. 2 of 2. Retrieved on August 30, 2013.
  13. ^ "Hours & Locations." Palos Verdes Library District. Retrieved on March 28, 2010.
  14. ^ Hillinger, Charles. "Students Get a Japanese Education at 2 Palos Verdes Schools." Los Angeles Times. September 29, 1994. Retrieved on March 6, 2014.
  15. ^ "平日校 学園概要" (Archive) Nishiyamato Academy of California. Retrieved on March 6, 2014. "2458 Lomita Blvd., Lomita CA 90717"
  16. ^ "City of Rolling Hills Estates CAFR".
  17. ^ "Rebranding becomes a way of life at Rolling Hills Estates Mall, July 4, 2015, Daily Breeze
  18. ^ "1964 Presidential General Election Results - California". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved 2013-10-08.
  19. ^ California Secretary of State, Supplement to the Statement of Vote November 8, 2016 General Election, pp. 7–32.
  20. ^ https://elections.cdn.sos.ca.gov/sov/2016-general/ssov/pres-by-political-districts.pdf
  21. ^ https://elections.cdn.sos.ca.gov/sov/2012-general/ssov/pres-by-political-districts.pdf
  22. ^ https://elections.cdn.sos.ca.gov/sov/2008-general/ssov/5-pres-by-political-districts.pdf
  23. ^ https://elections.cdn.sos.ca.gov/sov/2004-general/ssov/pres_general_ssov_all.pdf
  24. ^ https://elections.cdn.sos.ca.gov/sov/2000-general/ssov/pol-dis.pdf
  25. ^ https://elections.cdn.sos.ca.gov/sov/1996-general/ssov/president-pol-district.pdf
  26. ^ https://elections.cdn.sos.ca.gov/sov/1992-general/ssov/ssov-complete.pdf
  27. ^ https://archive.org/details/statementofvote81988cali/page/30
  28. ^ https://archive.org/details/statementofvote61984cali/page/19
  29. ^ https://archive.org/details/statementofvote41980cali/page/18
  30. ^ https://archive.org/details/statementofvote1976cali/page/24
  31. ^ https://archive.org/details/statementofvote197072cali/page/62
  32. ^ https://archive.org/details/californiastate196668cali/page/82
  33. ^ https://archive.org/details/castatem196264cali/page/52
  34. ^ "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Archived from the original on February 1, 2015. Retrieved November 28, 2014.
  35. ^ "California's 33rd Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC.
  36. ^ "Lomita Station Archived 2010-01-23 at the Wayback Machine." Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department. Retrieved on January 21, 2010.
  37. ^ "Torrance Health Center." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 18, 2010.

External linksEdit