Rochester, Texas

Rochester is a town in northwestern Haskell County, Texas, United States. The population was 324 at the 2010 census,[5] down from 378 as of the 2000 census.

Rochester, Texas
Rochester, Texas (2016).jpg
Location of Rochester, Texas
Location of Rochester, Texas
Haskell County Rochester.svg
Coordinates: 33°18′51″N 99°51′23″W / 33.31417°N 99.85639°W / 33.31417; -99.85639Coordinates: 33°18′51″N 99°51′23″W / 33.31417°N 99.85639°W / 33.31417; -99.85639
CountryUnited States
 • Total0.34 sq mi (0.88 km2)
 • Land0.34 sq mi (0.88 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
1,594 ft (486 m)
 • Total324
 • Estimate 
 • Density897.66/sq mi (346.98/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s)940
FIPS code48-62636[3]
GNIS feature ID1366626[4]


Rochester was founded by A. B. Carothers in 1906 as the Kansas City, Mexico and Orient Railway was built in the area. It takes its name from Rochester, New York.[6]


Rochester is in northwestern Haskell County along Texas State Highway 6, which leads north 7 miles (11 km) to Knox City and south 9 miles (14 km) to Rule. Haskell, the county seat, is 15 miles (24 km) to the southeast. According to the United States Census Bureau, Rochester has a total area of 0.3 square miles (0.9 km2), all of it land.[5]


Historical population
Census Pop.
2019 (est.)307[2]−5.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

As of the census[3] of 2000, 378 people, 155 households, and 106 families resided in the town. The population density was 1,076.0 people per square mile (417.0/km2). The 191 housing units averaged 543.7 per square mile (210.7/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 65.34% White, 7.14% African American, 1.06% Native American, 24.07% from other races, and 2.38% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 38.62% of the population.

Of the 155 households, 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.6% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.6% were not families. About 30.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 18.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the town, the population was distributed as 25.9% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 21.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $20,357, and for a family was $25,893. Males had a median income of $17,188 versus $16,250 for females. The per capita income for the town was $12,912. About 24.2% of families and 29.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 46.8% of those under age 18 and 20.8% of those age 65 or over.


The Haskell Consolidated Independent School District operates public schools serving the community.

From the early 1900s to 2005, the single-campus Rochester Independent School District served the community. The high school was completed in 1938, and had served in that capacity until May 2005. Due to rapidly declining enrollment,[citation needed] the district, now named Rochester-County Line Independent School District, merged with Haskell CISD on June 1, 2005.[8] The Rochester campus now serves as the district's junior high school.

During consolidation, some children transferred to Knox City and Rule schools.[citation needed]


  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Rochester town, Texas". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved February 8, 2018.
  6. ^ "Rochester, TX". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved December 28, 2014.
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  8. ^ "CONSOLIDATIONS, ANNEXATIONS AND NAME CHANGES FOR TEXAS PUBLIC SCHOOLS" (PDF). Texas Education Agency. 2018-09-10. Retrieved 2019-10-30.