R. W. Ketton-Cremer

  (Redirected from Robert Wyndham Ketton-Cremer)

Robert Wyndham Ketton-Cremer, FSA, FRSL, FBA (2 May 1906 – 12 December 1969) was an English landowner, biographer and historian. He bequeathed his family seat, Felbrigg Hall, to the National Trust.

R. W. Ketton-Cremer

R. W. Ketton-Cremer.jpg
Robert Wyndham Ketton-Cremer

(1906-05-02)2 May 1906
Died12 December 1969(1969-12-12) (aged 63)
EducationHarrow School
Alma materBalliol College, Oxford

Early lifeEdit

Robert Wyndham Cremer was born in Plympton, Devon,[1] on 2 May 1906 to Wyndham Cremer Ketton-Cremer and his wife Emily Bayly.[2][3] He was educated at Harrow School. He and his brother assumed the surname Ketton-Cremer in 1924. He won an exhibition to Balliol College, Oxford where he read English Literature.[4] While at Oxford he published poetry.[5]

Life at FelbriggEdit

Felbrigg Hall
The Victory V Plantation at Felbrigg Hall, planted by Ketton-Cremer to mark V.E. Day and the death of his brother in Crete.[6]
The Victory V plaque

He was a descendant of the Wyndham family, who owned the Felbrigg estate in Norfolk,[7] and was known as "the Last Squire".[6] He inherited the estate on the death of his father in 1933. Wyndham Ketton-Cremer's heir, his younger brother Richard, died in Crete during the Second World War. Ketton-Cremer also owned the Beeston Regis estate, including what is now Beeston Hall School.

Ketton-Cremer never married. He was a closet homosexual, at a time when homosexual acts were still criminalised though close friends were aware of his sexuality.[8] He stood godfather to the children of his friends, including Tristram Powell, son of novelist Anthony Powell, to whom the novel The Kindly Ones was dedicated. He read proofs of Powell's books and suggested improvements, up to the time of his death.[9]

Public appointmentsEdit

He was a justice of the peace and as such was required to witness two hangings. He was a major in the East Norfolk Home Guard during the Second World War.[2] He served as High Sheriff of Norfolk in 1951-52[6] and was a trustee of National Portrait Gallery.[2]


Ketton-Cremer wrote widely on the history of his native Norfolk as well as number of biographies, including one of Whig statesman William Windham, one of politician Horace Walpole, and one of the poet Thomas Gray, for which he won the James Tait Black Award. An annotated bibliography was published in 1995. His works include:

  • The Early Life and Diaries of William Windham. Faber and Faber, London, 1930.
  • Horace Walpole: A Biography. Faber and Faber, London, 1940.
  • Oliver Le Neve and his duel with Sir Henry Hobart, National Trust Collections, Felbrigg Hall, 1941[10]
  • Norfolk Portraits, 1944
  • Norfolk Gallery, 1948
  • Country Neighbourhood. Faber and Faber, London, 1951.
  • Thomas Gray, 1955
  • Norfolk Assembly, 1957
  • Forty Norfolk Essays, 1961
  • Felbrigg: The Story of a House, 1962
  • Norfolk in the Civil War: A portrait of a society in conflict. Faber and Faber, London, 1969. ISBN 057109130X


In 1968, Ketton-Cremer was elected a Fellow of the British Academy (FBA).[7] He was also an elected Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of London (FSA) and Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature (FRSL). He was awarded an honorary Doctor of Letters (LittD) by the University of East Anglia in 1969.[2]

Death and legacyEdit

Ketton-Cremer died on 12 December 1969. He bequeathed Felbrigg Hall to the National Trust.[6]

A brief memoir was written shortly after his death by the literary scholar Mary Lascelles.[7]

To mark the 50th anniversary of the decriminalisation of sexual activity between men in England and Wales, in summer 2017 the National Trust organised a national "Prejudice and Pride" campaign highlighting the LGBT themes in its properties. At Felbrigg Hall that included displaying a short film—narrated by Stephen Fry—in which it was revealed that Robert Wyndham Ketton-Cremer was gay, a fact previously only known to his close friends.[11] Two of Ketton-Cremer's godchildren criticised the decision, claiming that a public outing would have been against Ketton-Cremer's wishes and accusing the Trust of using their godfather's private life to generate publicity.[12] Fry defended the Trust's decision, arguing that Ketton-Cremer had only kept his sexuality a secret because of pervasive homophobia and fear of prosecution during his lifetime.[13]


  1. ^ http://search.findmypast.co.uk/results/world-records/england-and-wales-births-1837-2006?firstname=robert&lastname=cremer&eventyear=1906&eventyear_offset=2
  2. ^ a b c d 'KETTON-CREMER, Robert Wyndham', Who Was Who, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 1920–2016; online edn, Oxford University Press, 2014; online edn, April 2014 accessed 4 Aug 2017
  3. ^ "Index entry". FreeBMD. ONS. Retrieved 5 August 2017.
  4. ^ Awards at Oxford & Cambridge 1860-1984. Harrow Association. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
  5. ^ Duffy, Nick (26 July 2017). "National Trust and Stephen Fry under fire for 'outing' historical figure". Pink News. Retrieved 27 July 2017.
  6. ^ a b c d Robert Windham Ketton Cremer. National Trust. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
  7. ^ a b c Mary Lascelles, Robert Wyndham Ketton-Cremer, 1906-1969". Proceedings of the British Academy, 56 (1970 [1972]), pages 403-414.
  8. ^ The National Trust ‘outs’ Norfolk squire as gay 48 years after his death. Sarah Knapton, The Telegraph, 21 July 2017. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
  9. ^ Jay, Mike (Spring 2013). "Who Were the Dedicatees of Powell's Works?" (PDF). Anthony Powell Society Newsletter (50): 10. Retrieved 27 July 2017.
  10. ^ Oliver Le Neve and his duel with Sir Henry Hobart, National Trust Collections. Retrieved 12 January 2020
  11. ^ Lucy Pasha-Robinson (4 August 2017). "National Trust volunteers refusing to wear gay pride lanyards in protest over 'outing' former lord of the manor". The Independent.
  12. ^ Steve Bird (29 July 2017). "National Trust criticised for "outing" country squire". The Telegraph.
  13. ^ Sarah Knapton (21 July 2017). "The National Trust 'outs' Norfolk squire as gay 48 years after his death". The Telegraph.

External linksEdit