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The River Skell is a 12-mile-long (19 km) tributary of the River Ure in North Yorkshire, England.

River Skell
Weir in Studley Royal Gardens - geograph.org.uk - 331317.jpg
The River Skell in Studley Royal Park
Location
CountryEngland
Physical characteristics
Source 
 ⁃ locationHowson Ridge near Wath-in-Nidderdale
 ⁃ coordinates54°7′2″N 1°44′59″W / 54.11722°N 1.74972°W / 54.11722; -1.74972
 ⁃ elevation350 metres (1,150 ft)
Mouth 
 ⁃ location
River Ure near Ripon
 ⁃ coordinates
54°8′0″N 1°30′3″W / 54.13333°N 1.50083°W / 54.13333; -1.50083Coordinates: 54°8′0″N 1°30′3″W / 54.13333°N 1.50083°W / 54.13333; -1.50083
 ⁃ elevation
23 metres (75 ft)
Length12 miles (19 km)
Discharge 
 ⁃ average1.54 cubic metres per second (54 cu ft/s)

The source of the river lies in boggy ground on moorland 2 miles (3 km) north of Pateley Bridge. For its first 2 miles (3 km) the river is known as Skell Beck. Descending from the moor the river enters a narrow wooded valley known as Skell Gill. The river valley gradually broadens, but remains well wooded, passing the villages of Skelding and Grantley and the 17th century Grantley Hall.[1]

The river then enters Studley Royal Park and flows past Fountains Hall and the ruins of Fountains Abbey. Below the abbey the river was dammed in the 18th century to form an ornamental lake and water garden. Below the park the river enters the city of Ripon, and on the outskirts of the city receives its largest tributary, the River Laver. The Skell enters the River Ure 0.5 miles (1 km) east of the centre of Ripon.

The name is from the Old Norse skjallr, meaning "resounding", from its swift and noisy course. In the Middle Ages the river was also known as "Heaven Water", presumably from its association with Fountains Abbey.[2]

The flow of the River Skell has been measured at Alma Weir in Ripon, near to its confluence with the Ure since 1984. The thirty year record shows that the catchment of 120 square kilometres (46 sq mi) to the gauging station yields an average flow of 1.54 cubic metres per second (54 cu ft/s).[3] In June 2007 the highest river level was recorded of 1.8 metres (5 ft 11 in) over the weir, which was estimated to have a flow of 103 cubic metres per second (3,600 cu ft/s).[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Upper River Skell Valley. Landscape Character Assessment" (PDF). Harrogate District Council. 2004. Retrieved 15 May 2015.
  2. ^ Smith, A.H. (1962). The Place-names of the West Riding of Yorkshire. 7. Cambridge University Press. pp. 137–138.
  3. ^ "27086 - Skell at Alma Weir". The National River Flow Archive. Centre for Ecology & Hydrology. Retrieved 16 November 2015.
  4. ^ "27086 - Skell at Alma Weir". The National River Flow Archive. Centre for Ecology & Hydrology. Retrieved 16 November 2015.

External linksEdit

  Media related to River Skell at Wikimedia Commons