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Ripon (UK Parliament constituency)

HistoryEdit

Ripon was first represented in the Model Parliament of 1295, and also returned members in 1307 and 1337, but it was not permanently represented until 1553, after which it returned two Members of Parliament. It was a parliamentary borough consisting only of the town of Ripon itself until the Great Reform Act of 1832; the right to vote was vested in the holders of the tightly-controlled burgage tenements — count-of-head polls were accordingly rare — for, the last contested election in Ripon before the Reform Act 1832 was in 1715. By 1832 it was estimated that there were 43 men qualified to vote; the total of adult males over age 20 in the township in 1831 was recorded at 3,571.[2]

Such a burgeoning middle class population when considered under the 1832 Reform Act made for Ripon a relatively major borough; its qualifying freehold-owning or more expensive house-leasing electorate were supplemented by such electors in neighbouring Aismunderby-cum-Bondgate. The sum of these male electors returned two members to each parliament. The next Reform Act which came into force at the 1868 election reduced Ripon's representation from two MPs to one and enfranchised many of the under-represented high-growth areas of Britain.

The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 abolished the borough of Ripon; instead the county constituency in which the town was placed as a result was named Ripon (strictly speaking, at first, "The Ripon Division of the West Riding of Yorkshire"), and this continued as a single member constituency, with intervening boundary changes until it was abolished before the 1983 general election. Until 1950 it included, as well as Ripon itself, the towns of Harrogate and Knaresborough; the post-1950 guise took in Ilkley and Otley.

BoundariesEdit

1885-1918: The Borough of Ripon, the Sessional Divisions of Claro and Kirkby Malzeard, and the Liberty of Ripon.

1918-1950: The Boroughs of Ripon and Harrogate, the Urban District of Knaresborough, the Rural Districts of Knaresborough, Pateley Bridge, and Ripon, and part of the Rural District of Great Ouseburn.

1950-1983: The Borough of Ripon, the Urban Districts of Ilkley and Otley, and the Rural Districts of Ripon and Pateley Bridge, and Wharfedale.

Members of ParliamentEdit

  • Constituency re-created (1553)

MPs 1553–1640Edit

Parliament First member Second member
1553 (Oct) Marmaduke Wyvill Edward Beseley [3]
1554 (Apr) William Rastell John Temple [3]
1554 (Nov) Thomas More II Thomas Seckford [3]
1555 John Holmes Thomas Poley [3]
1558 William Heath Thomas Lewknor [3]
1559 Francis Kempe John Sapcote[4]
1562/3 George Leighe Richard Pratt [4]
1571 Martin Birkhead Anthony Roane [4]
1572 Martin Birkhead John Scott [4]
1584 William Spencer Gervase Lee [4]
1586 William Spencer Samuel Sandys [4]
1588 Peter York William Smith [4]
1593 Anthony Wingfield William Bennet [4]
1597 Sir John Bennet Christopher Perkins [4]
1601 John Thornborough Christopher Perkins [4]
1604 Sir John Mallory Sir John Bennet
1614 Sir Thomas Posthumous Hoby William Mallory
1621 Sir Thomas Posthumous Hoby William Mallory
1624 Sir Thomas Posthumous Hoby William Mallory
1625 Sir Thomas Posthumous Hoby William Mallory
1626 Thomas Best Sir Thomas Posthumous Hoby
1628 Sir Thomas Posthumous Hoby William Mallory
1629–1640 No Parliaments summoned

MPs 1640–1867Edit

Year First member First party Second member Second party
November 1640 William Mallory Royalist John Mallory Royalist
September 1642 William Mallory disabled to sit - seat vacant
January 1644 John Mallory disabled to sit - seat vacant
1645 Sir Charles Egerton Miles Moody (d. March 1647)
1647 Sir John Bourchier
December 1648 Egerton excluded in Pride's Purge - seat vacant
1653 Ripon was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament and the First and Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
January 1659 Edmund Jennings Jonathan Jennings
May 1659 Not represented in the restored Rump
April 1660 Henry Arthington Edmund Jennings
1661 John Nicholas Thomas Burwell
1673 Sir Edmund Jennings
February 1679 Richard Sterne
August 1679 Christopher Wandesford
1685 Sir Gilbert Dolben, 1st Baronet Sir Edmund Jennings
1689 Sir Jonathan Jennings Sir Edward Blackett, Bt
1690 Sir Edmund Jennings
1691 Jonathan Jennings
1695 John Aislabie Tory
1701 John Sharp
1702 Sir William Hustler
1705 John Aislabie[5] Tory, later Country Whig
1715 The Viscount Castlecomer
1719 William Aislabie I
1721 William Aislabie II Tory[6]
1722 John Scrope
1727 William Aislabie III
1734 Thomas Duncombe
1741 Hon. Henry Vane Whig
1747 Sir Charles Vernon
1761 William Lawrence
1768 Charles Allanson
1775 William Lawrence Tory[6]
1780 Frederick Robinson Tory[6]
1781 William Lawrence Tory[6]
1787 Sir John Goodricke, Bt Tory[6]
1789 Sir George Allanson-Winn, Bt[7] Tory[6]
April 1798 John Heathcote Tory[6]
October 1798 Sir James Graham, Bt Tory[6]
1806 The Lord Headley Tory[6]
1807 F. J. Robinson Tory[6] George Gipps Tory[6]
1826 Lancelot Shadwell Tory[6]
1827 Louis Hayes Petit Tory[6]
1828 Sir Robert Inglis Tory[6]
1829 George Spence Tory[6]
1831 Whig[6] Whig[6]
1832 Thomas Staveley Whig[6] Joshua Crompton Whig[6]
1835 Sir Charles Dalbiac Conservative[6] Thomas Pemberton Conservative[6]
1837 Sir Edward Sugden Conservative[6]
1841 Sir George Cockburn Conservative[6]
1843 Thomas Cusack-Smith Conservative
1846 Hon. Edwin Lascelles Conservative[6]
1847 Sir James Graham, Bt Peelite[8][9][10][11]
1852 William Beckett Conservative
1857 John Ashley Warre Whig[12][13][14] John Greenwood Whig[15]
1859 Liberal Liberal
1860 Reginald Vyner Liberal
1865 Sir Charles Wood Liberal Robert Kearsley Liberal
1866 Lord John Hay Liberal
1868 Representation reduced to one member

MPs 1868–1983Edit

Election Member Party
1868 Lord John Hay Liberal
1871 by-election Sir Henry Knight Storks Liberal
1874 Earl de Grey Liberal
1880 George Goschen Liberal
1885 Ripon parliamentary borough abolished, replaced by Ripon Division of the West Riding (county constituency)
1885 William Harker Liberal
1886 John Lloyd Wharton Conservative
1906 H. F. B. Lynch Liberal
Jan. 1910 Hon. Edward Wood Conservative
1925 by-election John Hills Conservative
1939 by-election Christopher York Conservative
1950 Sir Malcolm Stoddart-Scott Conservative
1973 by-election David Austick Liberal
Feb 1974 Dr Keith Hampson Conservative
1983 constituency abolished

Election resultsEdit

Elections in the 1840sEdit

General election 1841: Ripon[6][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Thomas Pemberton Unopposed
Conservative Edward Sugden Unopposed
Registered electors 373
Conservative hold
Conservative hold

Sugden resigned after being appointed Lord Chancellor of Ireland, causing a by-election.

By-election, 27 September 1841: Ripon[6][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative George Cockburn Unopposed
Conservative hold

Pemberton resigned by accepting the office of Steward of the Chiltern Hundreds, causing a by-election,

By-election, 18 March 1843: Ripon[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Thomas Cusack-Smith Unopposed
Conservative hold

Cusack-Smith resigned after being appointed Master of the Rolls in Ireland, causing a by-election.

By-election, 2 February 1846: Ripon[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edwin Lacelles Unopposed
Conservative hold
General election 1847: Ripon[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edwin Lacelles Unopposed
Peelite James Graham Unopposed
Registered electors 350
Conservative hold
Peelite gain from Conservative

Elections in the 1850sEdit

General election 1852: Ripon[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Beckett 266 49.0 N/A
Conservative Edwin Lascelles 202 37.2 N/A
Radical Augustus Newton[17] 75 13.8 N/A
Majority 127 23.4 N/A
Turnout 309 (est) 87.5 (est) N/A
Registered electors 353
Conservative hold Swing N/A
Conservative gain from Peelite Swing N/A
General election 1857: Ripon[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig John Ashley Warre Unopposed
Whig John Greenwood Unopposed
Registered electors 339
Whig gain from Conservative
Whig gain from Conservative
General election 1859: Ripon[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Greenwood 223 48.6 N/A
Liberal John Ashley Warre 205 44.7 N/A
Liberal Alfred Bates Richards[18] 31 6.8 N/A
Majority 174 37.9 N/A
Turnout 230 (est) 68.1 (est) N/A
Registered electors 337
Liberal hold Swing N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1860sEdit

Warre's death caused a by-election.

By-election, 22 December 1860: Ripon[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Reginald Vyner 187 100 N/A
Chartist Frederick Richard Lees[19] 0 0 N/A
Majority 187 100 N/A
Turnout 187 54.5 −13.6
Registered electors 343
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Lees retired before polling day.[20]

General election 1865: Ripon[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Charles Wood 215 37.3 N/A
Liberal Robert Kearsley 189 32.8 N/A
Liberal John Greenwood 173 30.0 −18.6
Majority 16 2.8 −35.1
Turnout 289 (est) 82.9 (est) +14.8
Registered electors 348
Liberal hold Swing N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Wood was elevated the peerage becoming 1st Viscount Halifax and causing a by-election.

By-election, 26 February 1866: Ripon[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Hay Unopposed
Liberal hold

Hay was appointed a Lord Commissioner of the Admiralty, requiring a by-election.

By-election, 28 March 1866: Ripon[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Hay Unopposed
Liberal hold

Seat reduced to one member

General election 1868: Ripon[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Hay 554 57.6 N/A
Conservative George Cayley 408 42.4 N/A
Majority 146 15.2 +12.4
Turnout 962 85.0 +2.1
Registered electors 1,132
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Hay was appointed a Lord Commissioner of the Admiralty, requiring a by-election.

By-election, 21 December 1868: Ripon[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Hay Unopposed
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1870sEdit

Hay resigned, causing a by-election.

By-election, 15 Feb 1871: Ripon[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Henry Knight Storks 522 63.3 +5.7
Conservative George Cayley 302 36.7 −5.7
Majority 220 26.7 +11.5
Turnout 824 79.6 −5.4
Registered electors 1,035
Liberal hold Swing +5.7
General election 1874: Ripon[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Frederick Robinson Unopposed
Registered electors 1,025
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1880sEdit

General election 1880: Ripon[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George Goschen 591 62.0 N/A
Conservative Francis Darwin[21] 362 38.0 N/A
Majority 229 24.0 N/A
Turnout 953 87.7 N/A
Registered electors 1,087
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General election 1885: Ripon[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Harker 3,985 51.1 −10.9
Conservative John Lloyd Wharton 3,820 48.9 +10.9
Majority 165 2.2 −21.8
Turnout 7,805 86.3 −1.4
Registered electors 9,049
Liberal hold Swing −10.9
 
J. L. Wharton
General election 1886: Ripon[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Lloyd Wharton 4,113 56.8 +7.9
Liberal Claude Ashley Charles Ponsonby[23] 3,125 43.2 −7.9
Majority 988 13.6 N/A
Turnout 7,238 80.0 −6.3
Registered electors 9,049
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +7.9

Elections in the 1890sEdit

General election 1892: Ripon[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Lloyd Wharton 4,268 53.9 −2.9
Liberal Henry Leetham 3,657 46.1 +2.9
Majority 611 7.8 −5.8
Turnout 7,925 77.7 −2.3
Registered electors 10,199
Conservative hold Swing −2.9
 
Phillimore
General election 1895: Ripon[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Lloyd Wharton 4,435 54.3 +0.4
Liberal Robert Charles Phillimore 3,733 45.7 −0.4
Majority 702 8.6 +0.8
Turnout 8,168 79.9 +2.2
Registered electors 10,219
Conservative hold Swing +0.4

Elections in the 1900sEdit

General election 1900: Ripon[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Lloyd Wharton Unopposed
Conservative hold
 
Henry Lynch
General election 1906: Ripon[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal H. F. B. Lynch 5,645 51.4 N/A
Conservative John Lloyd Wharton 5,332 48.6 N/A
Majority 313 2.8 N/A
Turnout 10,977 86.9 N/A
Registered electors 12,635
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing N/A

Elections in the 1910sEdit

General election January 1910: Ripon[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edward Wood 6,363 55.4 +6.8
Liberal H. F. B. Lynch 5,119 44.6 −6.8
Majority 1,244 10.8 N/A
Turnout 11,482 89.3 +2.4
Registered electors 12,860
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +6.8
General election December 1910: Ripon[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edward Wood 5,894 54.0 −1.4
Liberal Henry Norman Rae 5,020 46.0 +1.4
Majority 874 8.0 −2.8
Turnout 10,914 84.9 −4.4
Registered electors 12,860
Conservative hold Swing −1.4

General election 1914/15:

Another general election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

1918 general election: Ripon [26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Unionist Edward Wood Unopposed
Unionist hold
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Elections in the 1920sEdit

1922 general election: Ripon [26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Edward Wood Unopposed
Unionist hold
1923 general election: Ripon [26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Edward Wood Unopposed
Unionist hold
1924 general election: Ripon [26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Edward Wood Unopposed
Unionist hold
1925 Ripon by-election[27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist John Hills 16,433 59.0 N/A
Liberal John Murray 11,422 41.0 N/A
Majority 5,011 18.0 N/A
Turnout 27,855 74.6 N/A
Registered electors 37,338
Unionist hold Swing N/A
1929 general election: Ripon[27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist John Hills 23,173 55.1 N/A
Liberal Frederick L. Boult 14,542 34.6 N/A
Labour Arthur Godfrey 4,339 10.3 N/A
Majority 8,631 20.5 N/A
Turnout 42,054 76.2 N/A
Registered electors 55,191
Unionist hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1930sEdit

General election, 1931: Ripon
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Hills 37,898 88.1
Labour Robert Joseph Hall 5,125 11.9
Majority 32,773 76.2
Turnout 73.7
Conservative hold Swing
General election, 14 November 1935: Ripon
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Hills 30,804 77.16
Labour Robert Joseph Hall 9,116 22.84
Majority 21,688 54.33
Turnout 68.64
Conservative hold Swing
1939 Ripon by-election
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Christopher York 23,257 69.49
Labour Robert Joseph Hall 10,213 30.51
Majority 13,044 38.97
Turnout 33470
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1940sEdit

1945 United Kingdom general election: Ripon
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Christopher York 29,674 61.3
Labour R. Hartley 12,599 26.0
Liberal Mabel Cowley 6,122 12.6
Majority 17,075 35.28
Turnout 69.8
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950sEdit

1950 United Kingdom general election: Ripon
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Malcolm Stoddart-Scott 22,292 66.3
Labour W. S. Hill 11,317 33.7
Majority 10,975 32.65
Turnout 84.0
Conservative hold Swing
1951 United Kingdom general election: Ripon
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Malcolm Stoddart-Scott 23,047 68.4
Labour Sydney J. Andrews 10,627 31.6
Majority 12,420 36.88
Turnout 83.2
Conservative hold Swing
1955 United Kingdom general election: Ripon
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Malcolm Stoddart-Scott 21,977 68.9
Labour Eric Brierley 9,912 31.1
Majority 12,065 37.83
Turnout 78.8
Conservative hold Swing
1959 United Kingdom general election: Ripon
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Malcolm Stoddart-Scott 22,757 69.9
Labour Joseph H. Swann 9,791 30.1
Majority 12,966 39.84
Turnout 79.0
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960sEdit

1964 United Kingdom general election: Ripon
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Malcolm Stoddart-Scott 18,503 54.9
Liberal Ronald H. H. Duncan 7,814 23.2
Labour Peter A. O'Grady 7,341 21.8
Majority 10,689 31.76
Turnout 80.6
Conservative hold Swing
1966 United Kingdom general election: Ripon
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Malcolm Stoddart-Scott 17,352 52.2
Labour Michael McGowan 8,607 25.9
Liberal Ronald H. H. Duncan 7,301 22.0
Majority 8,745 26.29
Turnout 78.9
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970sEdit

1970 United Kingdom general election: Ripon
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Malcolm Stoddart-Scott 21,211 60.7
Labour David Daniel 9,147 26.2
Liberal Valerie S. Craven 4,583 13.1
Majority 12,064 34.5
Turnout 73.6
Conservative hold Swing
1973 Ripon by-election
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal David Austick 13,902 43.5 +30.4
Conservative Keith Hampson 12,956 40.5 -20.2
Labour David Mark English 4,435 13.9 -12.3
Ind. Conservative R. E. G. Simmerson 690 2.1 N/A
Majority 946 3.0 N/A
Turnout 64.3 -9.4
Registered electors 49,761
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing
February 1974 United Kingdom general election: Ripon
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Keith Hampson 21,080 49.6
Liberal David Austick 16,745 39.4
Labour David Mark English 4,643 10.9
Majority 4,335 10.2
Turnout 85.38
Conservative hold Swing
October 1974 United Kingdom general election: Ripon
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Keith Hampson 20,636 52.1
Liberal David Austick 13,632 34.3
Labour Stephen Peter Meyer 5,330 13.5
Majority 7,004 17.69
Turnout 78.9
Conservative hold Swing
1979 United Kingdom general election: Ripon
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Keith Hampson 25,292 60.3
Liberal Robert Tennant 9,089 21.7
Labour William Neil Davies 6,749 16.1
Ecology Alistair Laurence 781 1.9
Majority 16,203 38.66
Turnout 78.81
Conservative hold Swing

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "'Ripon', Feb 1974 - May 1983". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Archived from the original on 3 April 2016. Retrieved 24 March 2016.
  2. ^ http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/unit/10465813/cube/OCC_PAR1831_TOT University of Portsmouth and others.
  3. ^ a b c d e "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 14 October 2011.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 14 October 2011.
  5. ^ Expelled from the House of Commons in 1721 for his role in the South Sea Bubble.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z Stooks Smith, Henry (1845). The Parliaments of England, from 1st George I., to the Present Time. Vol II: Oxfordshire to Wales Inclusive. London: Simpkin, Marshall, & Co. pp. 164–167. Retrieved 29 November 2018 – via Google Books.
  7. ^ Lord Headley (in the peerage of Ireland) from 1797.
  8. ^ Creighton, Mandell (1890). "Graham, James Robert George" . In Stephen, Leslie; Lee, Sidney (eds.). Dictionary of National Biography. 22. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  9. ^ Maccoby, S, ed. (2002). English Radicalism 1853-1886. London: Routledge. p. 12. ISBN 0-415-26574-6. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
  10. ^ Smith, Francis Barrymore (1973). "The English Republic". Radical Artisan: William James Linton 1812-97. Manchester: Manchester University Press. p. 111. ISBN 0-7190-0531-0. Retrieved 22 April 2018.
  11. ^ "The Yorkshire Elections". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 28 July 1847. p. 7. Retrieved 1 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  12. ^ Jenkins, Terry. "WARRE, John Ashley (1787–1860), of West Newton Manor, nr. Taunton, Som.; West Cliff House, Ramsgate, Kent and 71 Belgrave Square, Mdx". The History of Parliament. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  13. ^ The Spectator, Volume 7. F. C. Westley. 1834. p. 316. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  14. ^ Gash, Norman (2013). Politics in the Age of Peel: A Study in the Technique of Parliamentary Representation, 1830–1850. Faber & Faber. ISBN 9780571302901. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  15. ^ "Election Intelligence". Bradford Observer. 2 April 1857. p. 7. Retrieved 1 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)|format= requires |url= (help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
  17. ^ "Ripon Election". Yorkshire Gazette. 3 July 1852. p. 8. Retrieved 1 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  18. ^ "Election News". Leeds Intelligencer. 30 April 1859. p. 5. Retrieved 1 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  19. ^ "Ripon Election". Yorkshire Gazette. 22 December 1860. p. 3. Retrieved 17 March 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  20. ^ "Ripon Election". Manchester Times. 22 December 1860. p. 5. Retrieved 17 March 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  21. ^ "Mr Francis Darwin". East Anglian Daily Times. 14 June 1880. p. 2. Retrieved 10 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  22. ^ a b c d e f British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig).
  23. ^ "Ripon Division". Daily Gazette for Middlesbrough. 19 June 1886. p. 3. Retrieved 10 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  24. ^ Debrett's House of Commons 1901.
  25. ^ Debrett's House of Commons 1916.
  26. ^ a b c d British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, F. W. S. Craig.
  27. ^ a b F. W. S. Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1949.
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  • F. W. S. Craig, "British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949" (Glasgow: Political Reference Publications, 1969)
  • J Holladay Philbin, "Parliamentary Representation 1832 - England and Wales" (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1965)
  • Henry Stooks Smith, "The Parliaments of England from 1715 to 1847" (2nd edition, edited by F. W. S. Craig - Chichester: Parliamentary Reference Publications, 1973)
  • Frederic A Youngs, jr, "Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol II" (London: Royal Historical Society, 1991)
  • "The Constitutional Year Book for 1913" (London: National Union of Conservative and Unionist Associations, 1913)
  • Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "R" (part 1)