Rioja is the capital of Rioja Province in the San Martín Region in northern Peru. It is situated to the west of Moyobamba. There are 24,263 inhabitants according to the 2007 census.

Rioja is located in Peru
Location of Rioja in Peru
Coordinates: 6°03′00″S 77°08′30″W / 6.05000°S 77.14167°W / -6.05000; -77.14167
Country Peru
RegionSan Martín
DistrictRioja District
848 m (2,782 ft)
 • Estimate 

The town is 848 metres above sea level and has a semi-humid subtropical climate.


During the period of the Incas, the Rioja Province was inhabited by two tribes, the Uquihuas and the Chepenes.[citation needed]

At the end of the 16th century, one of the first Catholic missionaries arrived at Uquihua.[citation needed]

Rioja was founded in September, 1782 and was originally named Santo Toribio de la Nueva Rioja.


Rioja is situated in the valley of the upper Mayo River in the north of the San Martín Region. Its coordinates are longitude 77°08’30” and latitude 06º03’00”.

The peaks surrounding Rioja exceed 1,000 metres above sea level.

The average temperature is 22.5 °C. with actual temperatures varying between 16.5 °C and 28.4 °C.

Communications and TransportEdit

Rioja is connected to the rest of the country by land, air, and water.


Connections via the "Carretera Marginal" (the main jungle highway). There are daily bus services as well as minibuses, collective taxis and lorries.


The Rioja Airport accommodates small and medium sized airplanes, both for passengers and cargo.


Motor boats, canoes and rafts use the Mayo, Tonchima and Negro rivers for small cargo.


  1. ^ Perú: Población estimada al 30 de junio y tasa de crecimiento de las ciudades capitales, por departamento, 2011 y 2015. Perú: Estimaciones y proyecciones de población total por sexo de las principales ciudades, 2012-2015 (Report). Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática. March 2012. Retrieved 4 June 2015.

Coordinates: 6°03′00″S 77°08′30″W / 6.05000°S 77.14167°W / -6.05000; -77.14167