Rio Claro is a city in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. The elevation is 613 m. It was incorporated as the village of São João Batista do Ribeirão Claro in 1827, and this incorporation is celebrated every year on June 24 as a municipal holiday.[citation needed]

Rio Claro
Municipality of Rio Claro
Flag of Rio Claro
Coat of arms of Rio Claro
Cidade Azul (Blue City)
Location in the São Paulo state.
Location in the São Paulo state.
Rio Claro is located in Brazil
Rio Claro
Rio Claro
Coordinates: 22°24′39″S 47°33′39″W / 22.41083°S 47.56083°W / -22.41083; -47.56083
Country Brazil
State São Paulo
 • MayorGustavo Perissinoto (PSD)
 • Total498.422 km2 (192.442 sq mi)
 (2020 [2])[3]
 • Total208,008
 • Estimate 
HDI (2010)0.803 – very high[5]

The name was changed later to Rio Claro. Starting in the 19th century, Rio Claro attracted large numbers of immigrants from European countries, especially from Germany, Switzerland and Italy, but also from Spain, Portugal, some Eastern European countries, and a substantial community of Christian Arabs from the then Ottoman Empire (mostly Syrian and Lebanese). Japanese immigrants arrived later. There is also a large population of Afro-Brazilians. Rio Claro used to play a very important role in the railway system of São Paulo state.



Rio Claro hosts one public university, UNESP, offering courses in Geology, Geography, Environmental Engineering, Mathematics, Physics, Computer Science, Physical Education, Ecology, Biology and Pedagogy (teacher training).


  • Budget: R$178,542,000.00 (2005)
  • Infant mortality rate: 11.76 deaths/1,000 live births
  • Literacy: 94.9% (2000)
  • Life expectancy at birth: 71.34 years



In telecommunications, the city was served by Companhia Telefônica Brasileira until 1973, when it began to be served by Telecomunicações de São Paulo.[6] In July 1998, this company was acquired by Telefónica, which adopted the Vivo brand in 2012.[7]

The company is currently an operator of cell phones, fixed lines, internet (fiber optics/4G) and television (satellite and cable).[7]



The city's two football (soccer) clubs are Rio Claro Futebol Clube, founded in 1909, and Associação Esportiva Velo Clube Rioclarense, founded in 1910.



Christianity is present in the city as follows:

Catholic Church


The Catholic church in the municipality is part of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Piracicaba.[8]

Protestant Church


The most diverse evangelical beliefs are present in the city, mainly Pentecostal, including the Assemblies of God in Brazil (the largest evangelical church in the country),[9][10] Christian Congregation in Brazil,[11] among others. These denominations are growing more and more throughout Brazil.


  1. ^ "IBGE statistics for Rio Claro" (in Portuguese). IBGE. Retrieved 5 June 2014.
  2. ^ IBGE 2020
  3. ^ "IBGE statistics for Rio Claro" (in Portuguese). IBGE. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
  4. ^ "IBGE statistics for Rio Claro" (in Portuguese). IBGE. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
  5. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Archived from the original (PDF) on July 8, 2014. Retrieved August 1, 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "Creation of Telesp - April 12, 1973". (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2024-05-27.
  7. ^ a b "Our History - Telefônica RI". Telefônica. Retrieved 2024-05-27.
  8. ^ "São Paulo (Archdiocese) [Catholic-Hierarchy]". Retrieved 2024-06-22.
  9. ^ "Campos Eclesiásticos". CONFRADESP (in Portuguese). 2018-12-10. Retrieved 2024-06-22.
  10. ^ "Arquivos: Locais". Assembleia de Deus Belém – Sede (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2024-06-22.
  11. ^ "Localidade - Congregação Cristã no Brasil". (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2024-06-22.