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Ringkirche Wiesbaden.jpg

Ringkirche (Ring Church) is a Protestant church in Wiesbaden, the state capital of Hesse, Germany. The romanesque revival church was built between 1892 and 1894, designed by Johannes Otzen. The historic monument also serves as a concert venue.

HistoryEdit

 
Interior, sketch by architect Johannes Otzen
 
Interior

The Ringkirche was the first Protestant church in Germany to follow the Wiesbadener Programm, which focused on a free view from every seat to the combined place of altar, pulpit, organ and choir.[1] It was built between 1892 and 1894, designed by Johannes Otzen, one of the authors of the Wiesbadener Programm.[2] The hall is a Zentralbau [de] of a type which became a model for Protestant church buildings until the end of World War I. [1]It was consecrated in 1894, seating 1100 people. Its organ was built by Walcker, with a Romantic disposition,[3] of which 75% is again intact today.[2] The organ was modified to a neo-Baroque disposition in 1949, but restored to its original disposition by major restoration from 2015, leaving not one of the c. 1,800 pipes untouched. Around a quarter of them was replaced, the others were repaired.[4]

The romanesque revival church is located at Ringstraße between the central districts of Westend and Rheingauviertel.[2] Its twin towers dominate the Rheinstraße [de].[2]

A building of the Gründerzeit, the church was declared a German Nationaldenkmal (national monument) in 2002, demonstrating a uniform style, reminiscent of the period between Romanesque and Gothic architecture, and not altered by destruction in a war or later remodeling.[2] The building was extnsively restored beginning in 2003.[1]

LiteratureEdit

  • Baedeker Wiesbaden Rheingau, Karl Baedeker GmbH, Ostfildern-Kemnat, 2001
  • Gottfried Kiesow, Das verkannte Jahrhundert. Der Historismus am Beispiel Wiesbaden, Deutsche Stiftung Denkmalschutz, 2005
  • Ralf-Andreas Gmelin, Der Dom der kleinen Leute – Ein Wiesbadener Geburtsort der Moderne, Ring Edition Wiesbaden, 2004

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Ev. Ringkirche / Suche nach einer protestantischen Architektur". denkmalschutz.de (in German). Retrieved 16 August 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Ringkirche". Wiesbaden (in German). Retrieved 16 August 2019.
  3. ^ "Wiesbaden Ringkirche". Walcker Orgelbau (in German). Retrieved 16 August 2019.
  4. ^ Koch, Oliver (26 December 2016). "Wiesbaden : Zurück zu den Klangfarben von 1894". FAZ (in German). Retrieved 16 August 2019.

External linksEdit


Coordinates: 50°4′38″N 8°13′46″E / 50.07722°N 8.22944°E / 50.07722; 8.22944