Ringkirche (Ring Church) is a Protestant church in Wiesbaden, the state capital of Hesse, Germany. The romanesque revival church was built between 1892 and 1894, designed by Johannes Otzen. The historic monument also serves as a concert venue.
The Ringkirche was the first Protestant church in Germany to follow the Wiesbadener Programm, which focused on a free view from every seat to the combined place of altar, pulpit, organ and choir. It was built between 1892 and 1894, designed by Johannes Otzen, one of the authors of the Wiesbadener Programm. The hall is a Zentralbau of a type which became a model for Protestant church buildings until the end of World War I. It was consecrated in 1894, seating 1100 people. Its organ was built by Walcker, with a Romantic disposition, of which 75% is again intact today. The organ was modified to a neo-Baroque disposition in 1949, but restored to its original disposition by major restoration from 2015, leaving not one of the c. 1,800 pipes untouched. Around a quarter of them was replaced, the others were repaired.
A building of the Gründerzeit, the church was declared a German Nationaldenkmal (national monument) in 2002, demonstrating a uniform style, reminiscent of the period between Romanesque and Gothic architecture, and not altered by destruction in a war or later remodeling. The building was extnsively restored beginning in 2003.
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