Rikuchū-Noda Station is served by the 71.0 km (44.1 mi) Rias Line between Miyako and Kuji, and lies 151.9 km (94.4 mi) from the starting point of the line at Sakari Station.
Rikuchū-Noda Station has a single island platform serving two tracks. The station is staffed.
Rikuchū-Noda Station opened on 20 July 1975 as a station on the Japanese National Railways (JNR) Kuji Line. On 1 April 1984, the station was transferred to the control of the third-sector Sanriku Railway. Minami-Rias Line, a portion of Yamada Line, and Kita-Rias Line constitute Rias Line on 23 March 2019. Accordingly, this station became an intermediate station of Rias Line.