Sir Thomas Richard Edmund Southwood GOM DL FRS (20 June 1931 – 26 October 2005) was a British biologist, Professor of Zoology and Vice-Chancellor of the University of Oxford. A specialist on entomology, he developed the field of insect ecology and the development of study techniques. He wrote a landmark textbook on Ecological Methods that went into numerous editions. He also was well known for developing the field of entomology through mentorship of a circle of researchers at Silwood Park.
Sir Richard Southwood
|Vice-Chancellor of the University of Oxford|
|Chancellor||The Lord Jenkins of Hillhead|
|Preceded by||The Lord Neill of Bladen|
|Succeeded by||Sir Peter North|
|Born||20 June 1931|
|Died||26 October 2005(aged 74)|
|Awards||Linnean Medal (1988)|
Fellow of the Royal Society
Southwood was born in Marlborough Cottage in Northfleet near Gravesend where his father's family dealt in farm and dairy products. In 1935 the family moved to Parrock Manor. His parents encouraged his interest in natural history. Richard became interested in natural history at an early age, and developed his skills on the family dairy farm in Kent; he had his first research article on sunbathing in birds in British Birds when he was fifteen and about insects published in the Entomologists Monthly Magazine when he was a year older. His father had received some education at the Wye College. Other early influences included Tom Longstaff. He was educated at Bronte School, Gravesend Grammar School and Imperial College London BSc in biology, MSc botany, then worked for his PhD degree in zoology studies at Rothamsted Experimental Station. He returned to Imperial as a Research Assistant and lecturer, and in 1967 became Head of the Department of Zoology and Applied Entomology, and Director of Imperial College's Field Station at Silwood Park. He later became Dean of Science and Chair of the Division of Life Sciences.
Southwood's research at Imperial concentrated on insect communities and population dynamics. His 1966 book Ecological Methods described techniques available for the study of populations and ecosystems, including population estimates with different sampling techniques.
In 1979, he took up the Linacre Chair of Zoology in the University of Oxford, and was elected a Fellow of Merton College. In 1989, he moved from being Head of the Department of Zoology to take up the Vice-Chancellorship of the University, from which position he set up a working party that would recommend the reform of the university's governance. Having stepped down from that position in 1993, he continued to research, teach and write, and in 2003 published The Story of Life, a book based on the first-year undergraduate lectures he gave at Oxford.
Southwood served as Chairman of the Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution from 1981 to 1985, having been first appointed to the Commission in 1974. Under his chairmanship, the 1983 report Lead in the Environment aroused public concern about lead pollution. He was Chairman of the National Radiological Protection Board from 1985 until 1994, and also chaired the Working Party on Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) set up by the British Government in 1988. In 1993–1994 he was the first head of the Department of Environmental Sciences and Policy at the Central European University in Budapest.
Southwood was also a contributing member of the Oxford Round Table, an interdisciplinary forum for the discussion of contemporary issues.
Sir Richard Southwood married, in 1955, Alison Langley (née Harden) who he met at Rothamsted; Sir Richard and Lady Southwood had two sons and six grandchildren.
- May, R. M.; Hassell, M. P. (2008). "Thomas Richard Edmund Southwood. 20 June 1931 -- 26 October 2005". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 54: 333–374. doi:10.1098/rsbm.2008.0005.
- Kelly, Jeremy. "Professor Sir Richard Southwood Obituary". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 10 July 2011.
- "Papers and correspondence of Sir Richard Southwood b.1931". Archived from the original on 29 September 2011. Retrieved 10 July 2011.
- May, Robert M.; Hassell, Michael P. (12 December 2008). "Thomas Richard Edmund Southwood. 20 June 1931 — 26 October 2005". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 54: 333–374. doi:10.1098/rsbm.2008.0005. ISSN 0080-4606.
- "Previous Vice-Chancellors". University of Oxford, UK. Retrieved 14 July 2011.
- Southwood, Richard (2003). The Story of Life. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-860786-5.
- Art UK
- "Prof Sir Richard Southwood". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 7 August 2017.
- "CIDADÃOS ESTRANGEIROS AGRACIADOS COM ORDENS PORTUGUESAS - Página Oficial das Ordens Honoríficas Portuguesas". www.ordens.presidencia.pt (in Portuguese). Retrieved 7 August 2017.
- "The Peter Scott Memorial Award" (PDF). bna-naturalists.org. British Naturalists' Association. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
Lord Neill of Bladen
| Vice-Chancellor of Oxford University
Sir Peter North