Richard Dybeck

Richard Dybeck (1 September 1811 – 28 July 1877) was a Swedish jurist, antiquarian, and lyricist. He is mainly remembered as the author of the lyrics to what is now the de facto Swedish national anthem, Du gamla, Du fria. [1][2]

Richard Dybeck
Richard Dybeck av Herrlin.jpg
Richard Dybeck, portrayed by L.W. Herrlin
Born1 September 1811
Died28 July 1877(1877-07-28) (aged 65)
Södertälje, Sweden
Known forPoetry
Notable work
De facto Swedish national anthem, Du gamla, Du fria
Spouse(s)Maria Charlotte Forsbom (1824-1865)


Dybeck was born in the rectory of Odensvi parish just outside the town of Köping in Västmanland, Sweden. He was the son of a clergyman, went to gymnasium in Västerås, and later matriculated at Uppsala University in 1831 with a law degree. He completed his civil service degree in law (hovrättsexamen) in 1834 and entered the Svea Court of Appeal (Svea hovrätt). He held a number of positions in the court system during the following years, but eventually began to spend all his time on his antiquarian and historical research. Dybeck wrote many poems. He was also known to be keenly interested in Asian culture, as was seen by his collection of historic prints and lithographs which originated from places like Myanmar and China. Dybeck died in 1877 at Södertälje and was buried at Norra begravningsplatsen in Stockholm.[3]


  1. ^ "Dybeck, Richard (1811-1877)". KulturNav. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  2. ^ Eva Danielson and Märta Ramsten. "Du gamla, du friska". Musikverket. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  3. ^ "Richard Dybeck". Svenskt biografiskt lexikon. Retrieved 1 April 2020.

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