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Richard Trenton Chase (May 23, 1950 – December 26, 1980) was an American serial killer who killed six people in the span of a month in Sacramento, California. He was nicknamed "The Vampire of Sacramento" because he drank his victims' blood and cannibalized their remains.
Richard Trenton Chase
|Born||May 23, 1950|
Sacramento, California, U.S.
|Died||December 26, 1980 (aged 30)|
|Cause of death||Suicide by overdose|
|Other names||The Dracula Killer|
The Vampire of Sacramento
The Vampire Killer
|Motive||Blood drinking, necrophilia, schizophrenia|
Span of crimes
|January 27, 1978|
Chase was a native of Sacramento, California. By the age of 10, he exhibited evidence of all three parts of the Macdonald triad, an archaic theory suggesting the development of psychopathy.  In his adolescence, he was said to be a heavy drug user.
Chase developed hypochondria as he matured. He often complained that his heart would occasionally "stop beating", or that "someone had stolen his pulmonary artery". He would hold oranges on his head, believing Vitamin C would be absorbed by his brain via diffusion. Chase also believed that his cranial bones had become separated and were moving around, so he shaved his head to be able to watch this activity.
After leaving his mother's house (believing she was attempting to poison him), Chase rented an apartment with friends. Chase's roommates complained that he was constantly under the influence of alcohol, marijuana, and LSD. Chase would also walk around the apartment nude, even in front of company. Chase's roommates demanded that he move out. When he refused, the roommates moved out instead.
Once alone in the apartment, Chase began to capture, kill, and disembowel various animals, which he would then devour raw, sometimes mixing the raw organs with Coca-Cola in a blender and drinking the concoction. Chase believed that by ingesting the creatures he was preventing his heart from shrinking.
Chase spent a brief time in a psychiatric ward in 1973. In 1976, he was involuntarily committed to a mental institution upon being taken to a hospital after injecting rabbit's blood into his veins. The staff nicknamed him "Dracula" because of his blood fixation. He broke the necks of two birds he caught through the institution window and drank their blood. He also extracted blood from therapy dogs with stolen syringes.
Chase was promptly diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia. After undergoing a battery of treatments involving psychotropic drugs, Chase was deemed no longer a danger to society; and, later in 1976, he was released to his mother's custody.
Chase's mother weaned him off his medication and got him his own apartment. He initially shared the apartment with roommates before all of them moved out, thus leaving Chase on his own.
Later investigation uncovered that, in mid-1977, Chase was stopped and arrested on a reservation in the Pyramid Lake (Nevada), area. His body was smeared with blood and a bucket of blood was found in his truck. The blood was determined to be cow's blood, and no charges were filed.
He attempted to enter the home of a woman two weeks later, but because her doors were locked, he walked away. Chase later told detectives that he took locked doors as a sign that he was not welcome, but unlocked doors were an invitation to come inside. He was once caught and chased off by a couple returning home as he pilfered their belongings; he had also urinated and defecated on their infant child's bed and clothing.
On January 23, 1978, Chase broke into a house and shot Teresa Wallin (three months pregnant at the time) three times. He then had sexual intercourse with her corpse while stabbing her with a butcher knife. He then removed multiple organs, cut off one of her nipples and drank her blood. He stuffed dog feces from Wallin's yard down her throat before leaving.
On January 27, Chase entered the home of 38-year-old Evelyn Miroth. He encountered her friend, Danny Meredith, whom he shot with his .22 handgun, then took Meredith's wallet and car keys. He then fatally shot Miroth, her six-year-old son Jason, and her 22-month-old nephew David Ferreira, before mutilating Miroth and engaging in necrophilia and cannibalism with her corpse.
A visitor's knock on the door startled Chase, who fled in Meredith's car, taking Ferreira's body with him. The visitor alerted a neighbor, who called police. They discovered that Chase had left perfect handprints and shoe imprints in Miroth's blood. Chase was arrested shortly afterwards - police who searched Chase's apartment found that the walls, floor, ceiling, refrigerator, and all of Chase's eating and drinking utensils were soaked in blood.
In 1979, Chase stood trial on six counts of murder. In order to avoid the death penalty, the defense tried to have him found guilty of second degree murder, which would result in a life sentence. Their case hinged on Chase's history of mental illness and the suggestion that his crimes were not premeditated.
On May 8, 1979, the jury found Chase guilty of six counts of first degree murder and, rejecting the argument that he was not guilty by reason of insanity, sentenced him to die in the gas chamber. His fellow inmates, aware of the extremely violent nature of Chase's crimes, feared him, and according to prison officials, often tried to persuade Chase to commit suicide.
Chase granted a series of interviews with Robert Ressler, during which he spoke of his fears of Nazis and UFOs, claiming that although he had killed, it was not his fault; he had been forced to kill to keep himself alive, which he believed any person would do. He asked Ressler to give him access to a radar gun, with which he could apprehend the Nazi UFOs, so that the Nazis could stand trial for the murders. He also handed Ressler a large amount of macaroni and cheese, which he had been hoarding in his pants pockets, believing that the prison officials were in league with the Nazis and attempting to kill him with poisoned food.
- In the opening scenes of Prime Suspect's third season, Chase is mentioned during a lecture on American serial killers.
- The CSI episode "Justice Is Served" was based on Chase's crimes.
- Chase is mentioned and portrayed by an uncredited actor in the eleventh episode of first season of Criminal Minds. He is also the base inspiration for the episode's unsub (unknown subject), Eddie Mays.
- Chase is mentioned in Season 1 Episode 3 of the BBC crime drama Luther while the main character is listing notorious serial killers.
- Investigation Discovery's 2011 TV special Lore: Deadly Obsession was a two-hour documentary reenactment of Chase's crimes. Chase was played by Dylan John Seaton.
- The Discovery Channel TV series The New Detectives documented Chase's crimes in the 1997 episode "Mind Hunters."
- An identification card with Chase's identity can be found in Deadlight.
- In 2002, Sacramento Rapper Brotha Lynch Hung released his eighth studio album Book III, which features the song "Refuse to Lose", in which at one minute and twenty-two seconds into the song the notorious rapper compares himself to "The Vampire of Sacramento" (Richard Trenton Chase) by saying "I'm like Richard Chase mixed with Al Capone".
- On April 20, 2009, Japanese Doom/Stoner Metal band Church of Misery released Houses of the Unholy via Rise Above Records featuring the track "Blood Sucking Freak (Richard Trenton Chase)".
- On February 23, 2010 the experimental band Xiu Xiu released the album Dear God, I Hate Myself which included the song House Sparrow with lyrics that directly mention him.
- On Dismantled's 2011 album The War Inside Me, the first verse of the track "Insecthead" is written from Chase's perspective.
- In March 2014, pseudonymous recording artist Trenton Chase released an extended-play, 12" dance record titled The Vampire of Sacramento via the German record label June.
- Chase is mentioned in Jo Nesbø's 2017 novel Thirst, as an example of a vampirism.
- Lt. Ray Biondi, who led the investigation in the Chase case wrote an account of the murders called Dracula Killer (1992).
- Chase is mentioned in the book "Whoever fights monsters" written from an FBI agents perspective.
- Chase has a section dedicated in detail to his crimes in Last Book On the Left based on the podcast of a similar name (2020)
- Serial Killers - the episode “The Vampire Killer of Sacramento”, aired October 7 & 14, 2019, with hosts Venessa Richardson and Greg Polcyn
- My Favorite Murder - Karen Kilgariff covers Chase in Episode 10 of "My Favorite Murder" podcast released on April 1, 2016
- Chase was the focus of two episodes (245 & 246) of Last Podcast on the Left.
- Leyendas Legendarias (Mexican podcast), episode 62 entitled "Richard Chase" (in spanish)
- Criminal & Behavioral Profiling Archived October 29, 2013, at the Wayback Machine Curt R. Bartol, Anne M. Bartol, 2013, Sample Materials: Chapter 2: Crime Scene Profiling. SAGE Publications, Inc
- Childhood firesetting, enuresis and cruelty to animals as cultural lore. Published on May 2, 2012 by Karen Franklin, Ph.D.
- Bovsun, Mara (January 2, 2010). "Just crazy for blood: Richard Trenton Chase, a.k.a. the Vampire of Sacramento". New York Daily News. Retrieved September 15, 2016.
- Amanda Howard, Martin Smith: River of Blood, Universal Publishers (August 30, 2004), ISBN 978-1-58112-518-4, pp. 82 accessed via Google Books[unreliable source?]
- Ressler, Robert; Thomas Schachtman (1992). Whoever Fights Monsters: My Twenty Years Tracking Serial Killers for the FBI (First ed.). St. Martin's. p. 14. ISBN 0-312-07883-8.
- "Richard Trenton Chase". Crime Library.
- "Richard Trenton Chase - Profile of Serial Killer Chase". Crime.about.com. Retrieved October 19, 2010.
- Keppel, Robert D.; Birnes, William J. (2003). The Psychology of Serial Killer Investigations: The Grisly Business Unit. Academic Press. p. 27. ISBN 978-0124042605.
- "The Vampire of Sacramento Richard Trenton Chase". Haunted America Tours. Retrieved October 19, 2010.
- "Lore: Deadly Obsession: The Vampire of Sacramento". Investigation Discovery. Retrieved May 13, 2011.
- "Book III by Brotha Lynch Hung". iTunes. September 24, 2002. Missing or empty
- "Brotha Lynch Hung - Refus..." YouTube. Archived from the original on March 22, 2014.
- "Houses of the Unholy". Encyclopaedia Metallum: The Metal Archives.
- "Xiu Xiu - Dear God, I Hate Myself".
- "Trenton Chase – The Vampire Of Sacramento". Discogs. Retrieved March 27, 2014.
Cited works and further readingEdit
- Biondi, Ray; Hecox, Walt (1992). The Dracula Killer. London: Mondo. ISBN 978-1-852-86455-2.
- Evans, Colin (1996). The Casebook of Forensic Detection: How Science Solved 100 of the World's Most Baffling Crimes. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. pp. 160–163. ISBN 978-0-471-07650-6.
- Sullivan, Kevin (2012). Vampire: The Richard Chase Murders. WildBlue Press. ISBN 978-1942266112.