Ricardo Odnoposoff (February 24, 1914 – October 26, 2004) was a Jewish Argentine-Austrian-American violinist of the 20th century. He was a former concertmaster of the Vienna State Opera and Vienna Philharmonic. He was dismissed on September 1, 1938 because he was unable to produce an Ariernachweis (Aryan certificate). He eventually became a citizen of the United States.
|Born||February 24, 1914|
Buenos Aires, Argentina
|Died||October 26, 2004 (aged 90)|
Early Life and StudiesEdit
Ricardo was one of three children born in Buenos Aires to Mauricio (alternate spelling: Moisés) Odnoposoff and Juana (née Veinstein; alternate spelling Weinstein). Mauricio Odnoposoff had emigrated from Russia to Argentina with his father. Ricardo first learned to play the violin in Buenos Aires. Mauricio and Juana Odnoposoff moved to Germany where their children, Ricardo, Adolfo, and Nélida, continued studying music. Ricardo studied at the Academy of Music in Berlin from 1928 and in 1931 studied violin under Carl Flesch and composition under Paul Hindemith. At the end of his studies, at the age of just 17, he first appeared as a soloist with the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra under Erich Kleiber.
In 1932 he won the second prize at the prestigious Violin Competition in Vienna and in 1937 the second prize in the Eugène Ysaÿe Competition in Brussels. David Oistrakh, who took first prize, reported in a letter to his wife from the Brussels competition: "... when I arrived, Odnoposoff played Tchaikovsky. He played wonderfully."
Odnoposoff was already a follower of Arnold Rosé, concertmaster of the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, and taught at the State Academy, where Norbert Brainin, the future leader of the Amadeus Quartet was one of his students.
After the Anschluss (annexation of Austria into Nazi Germany), Odnoposoff was unable to produce an Ariernachweis (Aryan certificate). He was therefore dismissed on September 1, 1938 from the Orchestra of the Vienna State Opera and the Vienna Philharmonic and had to return to Argentina.
In the early 1940s Odnoposoff moved to the United States, where he gave his Carnegie Hall debut in 1944. According to the New York Times, Odnoposoff "took his audience by storm by the virtuosity, power and fire of his performances." During this time he worked with conductors such as Leonard Bernstein, Arturo Toscanini, Fritz Busch and André Cluytens and worked as a teacher. In 1953 he became an American citizen.
Return to AustriaEdit
In 1956 he returned to Vienna and taught until 1993 at the Academy of Music, where Joseph Sivo was one of his students. He produced some recordings with the WDR Symphony Orchestra Cologne under Franz Marszalek, including the Violin Concerto no. 22 of Viotti. From 1964 Odnoposoff also taught at the University of Music and Performing Arts Stuttgart, where, among others, Michael Jelden, Alfred Csammer, Michael Eichinger, Helmut Mebert and Rainer Kussmaul were among his pupils. From 1975 to 1984 he taught at the Academy of Music in Zurich.
Odnoposoff played on the "ex Ladenburg" Guarneri del Gesù of 1735. His violin playing was outstanding with a great sonorous, yet mellow sound, with masterly mastery of technique. Many of his photographs reflect the great joy that lay behind his playing.
His grave is located in Vienna on the Grinzinger Cemetery (Group 19, no. 36A).
- Austrian Decoration for Science and Art
- Honorary Medal of the Austrian capital, Vienna, in silver
- Medal of Merit of the State of Baden-Württemberg
- Nicolai Medal and honorary member of the Vienna Philharmonic
Ricardo's sister, Nélida Odnoposoff (born 1919), was a critically acclaimed Argentine concert pianist whose European debut was in 1935 in Berlin. Growing up in Buenos Aires, she had been a protégée of the Argentine pianist Edmundo Piazzini (es). In Berlin, she studied with Hansi Freudberg. Nélida concertized until the late 1950s. During the early 1940s, she was associated with the Opera and Ballet of Montevideo and soloed with important orchestras of Latin America.
- "In Memory of Ricardo Odnoposoff". [Vienna] Philharmonic Journal. January 2, 2005. Retrieved 30 December 2014.
- Bernstein, Adam (May 10, 2005). "Amadeus String Quartet Violinist Norbert Brainin Dies". Washington Post. Retrieved 30 December 2014.
Soon, he began studying with Ricardo Odnoposoff, leader of the Vienna Philharmonic
- Straus, Noel (February 6, 1944). "ODNOPOSOFF SCORES IN HIS VIOLIN DEBUT; Argentine Takes Audience by Storm in First U.S. Recital -- Franck and Bach Heard". New York Times. p. 43. Retrieved 30 December 2014.
Ricardo Odnoposoff scored a triumph at his first appearance in the United States yesterday afternoon at Carnegie Hall, where he immediately established himself as one of the outstanding violinists of the day. The Argentine artist, who came here virtually unknown to the general public, took his audience by storm by the virtuosity, power and fire of his performances.
- The Teatro Solís: 150 Years of Opera, Concert and Ballet in Montevideo, by Susana Salgado, Wesleyan University Press (2003); OCLC 51769151
- Exploring the Musical Mind, by Jacob Kwalwasser (1894–1977), Coleman-Ross Co. (1955); OCLC 604744
- Gran Enciclopedia Argentina (in vol. 6 of 8 vols.), Diego Abad de Santillán (ed.), Buenos Aires: Ediar (1956–1963); OCLC 1328278, LCCN 56-57422
- Músicos exiliados del nazismo en la Argentina (1932–1943), by Josefina Irurzun, Revista Brasileira de História das Religiões (journal), Vol. 5, No. 15, January 2013 ISSN 1983-2850
- Works by and about Ricardo Odnoposoff in the catalog of the German National Library
- Ludwig van Beethoven, Concerto for Piano, Violin, Cello and Orchestra in C major, Op. 56 with Ricardo Odnoposoff (violin), Stefan Auber (cello), Angelica Morales (piano), Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra (cond. Felix Weingartner)