Revagupti

Revagupti (pronounced rēvagupti) is a rāgam in Carnatic music (musical scale of South Indian classical music). It is a pentatonic scale (audava rāgam or owdava rāgam). It is a janya rāgam (derived scale), as it does not have all the seven swaras (musical notes).

Revagupti
ArohanamS R₁ G₃ P D₁ 
Avarohanam D₁ P G₃ R₁ S

It is a morning rāgam.[1][2] The similar scales in Hindustani music are Rewa and Bibhas.[2]

Structure and LakshanaEdit

 
Revagupti scale with shadjam at C

Revagupti is a symmetric rāgam that does not contain madhyamam or nishādham. It is a symmetric pentatonic scale (audava-audava ragam[1][2] in Carnatic music classification – audava meaning 'of 5'). Its ascending and descending scale (ārohaṇa-avarohaṇa structure) is as follows:

The notes used in this scale are shadjam, shuddha rishabham, antara gandharam, panchamam and shuddha dhaivatham, as per Carnatic music notation and terms for the swaras. Revagupti is considered a janya rāgam of Mayamalavagowla, the 15th Melakarta rāgam, though it can be derived from 5 other melakarta rāgams by dropping both the madhyamam and nishādham.

Popular CompositionsEdit

Here are a few songs composed in Revagupti.[1]

Film SongsEdit

Language:TamilEdit

Song Movie Composer Singer
Panniner Mozhiyaal Thiruvarutchelvar K. V. Mahadevan T. M. Soundararajan,Master Maharajan
Degam Pon Degam Anbulla Malare Ilaiyaraaja S. Janaki
Kozhi Koovum Vanna Vanna Pookkal S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, S. Janaki
Bhoomiye Enga Puthu Paatu Mano, S. Janaki
Senthazham Poovil Mullum Malarum K.J. Yesudas
Kathiravanai Paarthu Pookkal Vidum Thoothu T. Rajendar
Ponmaanai Mythili Ennai Kaathali S. P. Balasubrahmanyam

Related rāgamsEdit

This section covers the theoretical and scientific aspect of this rāgam.

Scale similaritiesEdit

  • Bhupalam rāgam differs from Revagupti only by the gāndhāram. It uses sadharana gāndhāram instead of antara gāndhāram and its ārohaṇa-avarohaṇa structure is S R1 G2 P D1 S : S D1 P G2 R1 S[1][2]
  • Bhauli rāgam uses an additional nishadam in descending scale, in comparison to Revagupti. Its ārohaṇa-avarohaṇa structure is S R1 G3 P D1 S : S N3 D1 P G3 R1 S[2]
  • Karnataka Shuddha Saveri rāgam uses shuddha madhyamam in place of antara gandharam of Revagupti. Its ārohaṇa-avarohaṇa structure is S R1 M1 P D1 S : S D1 P M1 R1 S

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Alternate notations:
    • Hindustani: S  G P  
    • Western: C D E G A C
  2. ^ Alternate notations:
    • Hindustani:   P G  S
    • Western: C A G E D C

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Ragas in Carnatic music by Dr. S. Bhagyalekshmy, Pub. 1990, CBH Publications
  2. ^ a b c d e Raganidhi by P. Subba Rao, Pub. 1964, The Music Academy of Madras