The so-called Republic of Crema (Lombard: Republega Cremasca, Italian: Repubblica Cremasca) was a revolutionary municipality in Lombardy, which was created when the French army entered Crema on 28 March 1797. It ruled the local affairs of the city and its neighbourhood, which previously were a Venetian exclave in the Duchy of Milan. The municipality entered then into the Cisalpine Republic in July 1797.
Republic of Crema
Republega Cremasca (Lombard)
|Status||Client state of France|
|Historical era||French Revolutionary Wars|
|March 28 1797|
|July 10 1797|
|Today part of||Italy|
The city of Crema and its surroundings had been annexed by the Republic of Venice since 1449, and had been ruled by a Venetian podestà for more than three centuries. On 28 March 1797 a troop of French dragoons entered and occupied the city (without facing any resistance) and arrested the last Venetian magistrate, the duke Zan Battista Contarini.
A new municipality was formed to control the city, which was composed mostly of small landowners and local nobles. They proclaimed then the new Republic of Crema, that had the control of the town and the territories previously belonging to the province of Crema.
The small revolutionary republic had a short life. Three months later, on 29 July 1797, its territory merged with the Cisalpine Republic and legally annexed to it on the base of the Treaty of Campo Formio, becoming part of the Adda department and later on the Alto Po one.
Nowadays the territory of the former Republic of Crema goes from the municipality of Spino d'Adda (east) to the Castelleone one.
Flag and coat of armsEdit
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (April 2022)
The republic used a simple white flag with the coat of arms.
- ^ Dippel, Horst (2010). Constitutions of the world from the late 18th century to the middle of 19th century (in Italian). De Gruyter, Göttingen. p. 17. ISBN 9783598357343. Retrieved July 25, 2017.
- ^ "The history of Crema". Comune di Crema (official site of the municipality) (in Italian). Retrieved July 25, 2017.
- ^ Solera, Giovanni (1845). " Storia di Crema raccolta per Alemanio Fino dagli annali di M. Pietro Terni" (in Italian). Ronchetti e Ferreri, Milan. p. 108. Retrieved July 25, 2017.