Renault Voiturette

The Renault Voiturette (Renault Little Car) was Renault's first ever produced automobile, and was manufactured between 1898 and 1903.[1][2] The name was used for five models.
The first Voiturettes mounted De Dion-Bouton engines. Continental tires were used for the car, a make still used for several modern Renaults today.

Renault Voiturette
RVoiturette.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerRenault
Also calledRenault Type A
Renault Type B
Renault Type C
Renault Type D
Renault Type E
Renault Type G
Renault Type H
Renault Type J
Production1898-1903
DesignerLouis Renault
Body and chassis
Class(Type A/B) Supermini
(Type C/D/E) Small family car
Body style(Type A) Two-passenger car
(Type B) 2-door Sedan
(Type C) Four-passenger car
(Type D) Four-passenger convertible
(Type E/G/H/J) Semi-coupé car
Powertrain
Engine(Type A/B) De Dion-Bouton 1 cylinder, 273 cc, 1.75 CV
(Type G) De Dion-Bouton 1 cylinder, 860 cc
(Type H) 2 cylinder, 1720 cc
(Type J) 2 cylinder, 2720 cc
TransmissionManual, 3-gear
Dimensions
Length1,900 mm (74.8 in)
Width1,150 mm (45.3 in)
Height1,400 mm (55.1 in)
Curb weight(Type A) 200 kg (441 lb)
(Type B) 350 kg (772 lb)
Chronology
PredecessorNone

Voiturette Type AEdit

 
Renault Voiturette Type A, 1898
 
Plan of the Renault Voiturette chassis and the variable speed gear.

The first Voiturette was designed by the maker's creator Louis Renault in 1898. The first Voiturette was sold to a friend of Louis' father after going for a ride with Louis along Rue Lepic on December 24, 1898. Twelve more cars were sold that night. The main reason for the man to buy the car was the incredible ability of the car to climb streets without any difficulty and its fuel economy. The car mounted a De Dion-Bouton 1 cylinder engine, which allowed it to reach a top speed of 32 km/h (20 mph).

Voiturette Type BEdit

The Type B was basically the same Voiturette. However, the difference was the strange aspect of the car, including a roof and two doors. Louis Renault invented the sedan in 1899.[citation needed]

Voiturette Type CEdit

The Type C was Renault's first four-passenger car. After several mechanical and physical modifications, the car was launched in 1900. The car was presented in the 1900 Mondial de l'Automobile at Paris, presenting for the first time Renault Frères as an automobile maker.

A not coachworked Type C has raced in the 9° Trofeo Milano (an Italian regularity rally) in 2015.

Voiturette Type D/EEdit

 
Renault Type D Serie B Voiturette 1901.

The Type D and E Voiturettes were similar to the Type C but with some differences, mostly the 5CV upgraded engine. The Type D was identical to the Type C excepting the retractable roof and the Type E showed a longer roof than that of the Type B, but without any door. The Type G used the same chassis and body style than the Type D and E but with an upgraded engine.

Voiturette Type GEdit

The first model produced by Renault was the Voiturette, it was offered in 3 major iterations with this one being the final and most evolved of the designs – the Type G. The single-cylinder Voiturette powered by an 864cc water-cooled De Dion motor rated at 8 horsepower. The distinctive twin, side-mounted radiators had been initially implemented when water-cooling was introduced in 1900 on the earlier Type C, they were then enlarged for the Type G.

The front and rear semi-elliptical springs gave the Voiturette quite a comfortable ride for the era, the thumping De Dion engine powered the model to numerous race victories in France and around Europe – automobile racing was an entirely new fad at the time, the drivers were usually wealthy gentlemen (or their sons) and speeds often reached speeds in excess of 35mph (the land speed record in 1901 was 57mph).

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "In pictures: Renault's incredible classic car collection". April 10, 2018.
  2. ^ "Renault's tumultuous journey". The West Australian. March 28, 2018.