Renault Cléon-Alu engine

The Cléon-Alu engine, also known under the code "A engine" or "A-Type" (A for aluminium) is an automotive gasoline internal combustion engine, developed and produced by Renault in 1960. A four-stroke inline four-cylinder design with aluminium-alloy block and cylinder head, it was water cooled, with a five main bearing crankshaft and a side-mounted chain-driven camshaft operating eight overhead valves via pushrods and rockers. It made its debut appearance on the Renault 16.[1][2]

Renault Cléon-Alu engine
Alpine Renault A110 'Berlinette' - Flickr - exfordy.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerRenault
Production1960–1986?
Layout
ConfigurationInline 4
Displacement1.5 L (1,470 cc)
1.6 L (1,565 cc)
1.6 L (1,596 cc)
1.6 L (1,605 cc)
1.6 L (1,647 cc)
Block materialAluminium alloy
Head materialAluminium alloy
ValvetrainOHV 2 valves x cyl.
Combustion
TurbochargerIn some sports versions
Fuel systemCarburetor
Fuel injection
Fuel typeGasoline
Cooling systemWater cooled
Chronology
SuccessorRenault F-Type engine

AxKEdit

The AxK displaces 1.5 L (1,470 cc) from a bore and stroke of 76 mm × 81 mm (2.99 in × 3.19 in). Applications:

AxLEdit

The AxL displaces 1.6 L, from either 1.6 L (1,565 cc), 1.6 L (1,596 cc), or 1.6 L (1,605 cc). All of these variants share an 84 mm (3.31 in) stroke, with bores of 77, 77.8 or 78 mm (3.03, 3.06 or 3.07 in).

 
The turbocharged A5L engine in a Renault 18

Applications:

AxMEdit

The AxM displaces 1.6 L (1,647 cc) from a bore and stroke of 79 mm × 84 mm (3.11 in × 3.31 in). It was originally known as the type 841 or 843, depending on output. Often used as a designator for the Renault R17 Gordini sub-model in the USA market 843/13. 82 hp (61 kW; 83 PS), Compression Ratio 9.25:1 with Bosch L-Jetronic Fuel Injection and standard distributor with points/condenser for timing.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ « Cléon - Association RENAULT HISTOIRE » Association RENAULT HISTOIRE
  2. ^ Pirotte, Marcel (1984-02-23). "Renault 11 TXE". Le Moniteur de l'Automobile (in French). Brussels, Belgium: Editions Auto-Magazine. 35 (789): 34.
  3. ^ Installation of Hemispherical (cross-flow) Renault engines in Lotus Europa S1 & S2 (PDF), PF Engineering, December 1986, p. 1, PFE846/15, archived from the original (PDF) on 2019-01-22