Religion in Barcelona

The most widely practiced religion in Barcelona is Catholic Christianity but secularization is strong, in line with the Spanish and other Western European trends.[2][3][4] After Christianity, Islam is the second largest religion.[5][6][7] The city also has the largest Jewish community in Spain, with an estimated 3,500 Jewish residents.[8]

Religion in Barcelona[1]

  Catholicism (53.2%)
  Atheist (21.8%)
  Indifferent/Non-believer (9.5%)
  Agnostic (9.7%)
  Other denominations and religions (3.9%)
  Did not answer (1.9%)


In 2011, data from a survey of religious practices showed that 49.5% of Barcelona's residents identified themselves as Catholic. This number dropped to 45% within the demographic of young people between the ages of 14 - 25.[4]

In 2019, a survey (data size of 587 respondents) by Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas showed that 53.2% of residents in Barcelona identified themselves as Catholic (9.9% practising Catholics, 43.3% non-practising Catholics).[1]


There are an estimated 3,500 Jewish residents in Barcelona.[8]


In 2014, 322,698 people in the province of Barcelona identified as Muslims, including 217,405 immigrants and 105,293 Spanish citizens.[7][9]

Muslim pupils in schools of BarcelonaEdit

The province of Barcelona has more than 70,000 Muslim pupils.[7][9]

Mosques in BarcelonaEdit

There are 264 Muslim places of worship in Barcelona.[10] Barcelona endorses model oratories around the city, a formula implemented by the socialist governments that the Socialists' Party of Catalonia defends. In Barcelona, there were 126 oratories in 2015 compared to 71 in 2004, showing considerable growth.[11]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b CIS (July 2019). "Postelectoral Elecciones Autonómicas y municipales 2019. Barcelona (Municipio de)" (PDF). Retrieved 27 September 2019.
  2. ^
  3. ^ Morel, Sandrine (2017-02-01). "La sécularisation express des jeunes Espagnols" [The express secularization of the Spanish youth] (in French). Le Monde. Retrieved 2018-03-28.
  4. ^ a b "España experimenta retroceso en catolicismo - El Mundo - Mundo Cristiano" (in Spanish). 2011-07-07. Retrieved 2015-05-29.
  5. ^ "Culture in Barcelona | Activity breaks in Spain (Mainland)". Monarch. Retrieved 2015-05-29.
  6. ^ "Idioma, moneda, horarios de Barcelona, política y religión" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2015-05-29.
  7. ^ a b c "Casi 9 de cada 10 nuevos musulmanes residentes en España son españoles y, de ellos, más de la mitad ha nacido en el país" (in Spanish). 2014-02-03. Retrieved 2015-05-29.
  8. ^ a b "The Jewish Virtual History Tour: Barcelona". Archived from the original on 10 April 2014. Retrieved 27 August 2012.
  9. ^ a b "Observatorio Andalusi : Estudio demografico de la poblacion musulmana" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved 2015-05-29.
  10. ^ "Observatorio del Pluralismo Religioso en Espaca" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2015-05-29.
  11. ^ "Avisan a Trias del riesgo de que radicales financien una gran mezquita en Barcelona | Cataluña | EL MUNDO" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2015-05-29.