Reichstag deputies of the Kingdom of Saxony

The Reichstag deputies of the Kingdom of Saxony were elected by male suffrage over the age of 25 across the Kingdom of Saxony from 1867 until the abolition of the Kingdom in 1918.

Following the North German Confederation Treaty the Kingdom of Saxony entered the North German Confederation in 1866.[1] As a consequence, the Kingdom returned Deputies to the Reichstag. After the founding of the German Empire on 18 January 1871, the deputies were returned to the Reichstag of the German Empire.[2] Following this Saxony participated in Reichstag elections from February 1867. Zittau returned a series of Reichstag Deputies until 1919 when the existing constituencies were scrapped.

Reichstag of the North German FederationEdit

Reichstag of the North German Federation
No. Constituency Reichstag Deputy Feb 1867 Party Reichstag Deputy Aug 1867 Party
1 Zittau Christian Riedel (DFP) Christian Riedel (DFP)
2 Löbau Heinrich Erdmann August von Thielau (FKV) Karl August Mosig von Aehrenfeld (NLP)
3 Bautzen Hermann von Salza und Lichtenau (FKV) Hermann von Salza und Lichtenau (FKV)
4 Dresden New City Friedrich Oskar von Schwarze (Vin) Friedrich Oskar von Schwarze (BKV)
5 Dresden Old City Franz Wigard (DFP) Franz Wigard (DFP)
6 Dresden County Wilhelm Schaffrath (DFP) Wilhelm Michael Schaffrath (DFP)
7 Meissen Ludwig von Zehmen (FKV) Ludwig von Zehmen (FKV)
8 Pirna Theodor Reuning (Vin) Hermann Theodor Schreck (DFP)
9 Freiberg Friedrich Raimund Sachsse (Vin) Friedrich Raimund Sachsse (BKV)
10 Döbeln Wilhelm Oehmichen Lib Wilhelm Oehmichen (BKV)
11 Oschatz-Grimma Theodor Günther Lib Theodor Günther (BKV)
12 Leipzig City Karl Georg von Wächter Lib Eduard Stephani (NLP)
13 Leipzig County Karl von Gerber (Vin) Ferdinand Goetz Lib
14 Borna Karl Wilhelm Gebert (Vin) Karl Wilhelm Gebert (BKV)
15 Mittweida Ludwig Haberkorn Lib Hans Blum (NLP)
16 Chemnitz Franz Xaver Rewitzer (DFP) Friedrich Wilhelm Emil Försterling (LADAV)
17 Glauchau-Meerane August Bebel (SVP) August Bebel (SVP)
17 Zwickau Reinhold Schraps (SVP) Reinhold Schraps (SVP)
19 Stollberg-Schneeberg Heinrich Minckwitz (DFP) Wilhelm Liebknecht (SVP)
20 Marienberg Eli Evans (DFP) Georg Curt von Einsiedel (FKV)
21 Annaberg Scipio Agricola Herbig (Vin) Karl Leistner (NLP)
22 Auerbach Julius Leonhard Heubner (DFP) Julius Leonhard Heubner (DFP)
23 Plauen Karl Braun (Vin) Franz August Mammen (DFP)
Political parties in the 1867 elections North German Federation
Political orientation Party Seats Total
Feb 1867
Seats Saxony
Feb 1867
Seats Total
Aug 1867
Seats Saxony
Aug 1867
Conservative Conservative Party (Prussia) (Konservative Partei) (KP) 59 - 66 -
Free Conservative Party (Freikonservative Vereinigung) (FKV) 39 3 34 3
Non aligned conservatives Con   8 - 7 -
Liberal National Liberal Party (Nationalliberale Partei) (NLP) 80 - 81 4
Vincke Fraktion (Vin) 27 7 15 -
Free Association (Freie Vereinigung) (FV) 14 - 13 -
German Progress Party (Deutsche Fortschrittspartei) (DFP) 19 7 29 6
Non aligned Liberals Lib 11 4 9 1
Bundesstaatlich-Konstitutionelle Vereinigung (BKV) 18 - 21 5
Workers parties Saxon People's Party (Sächsische Volkspartei) (SVP)   2 2 3 3
Lasallean General German Workers' Association (Lasallean Allgemeiner Deutscher Arbeiterverein) (LADAV) - - 1 1
Minorities Polish Party 13 - 11
Danish   2 - 1 -
Others   5 - 4 -
Total 297 23 297 23

Reichstag of the German EmpireEdit

3 March, 1871: 1st Reichstag of the German EmpireEdit

The Reichstag election of 3 March, 1871 was the election of the members of the 1st Reichstag of the German Empire.

Reichstag of the German Empire
No. Constituency Reichstag Deputy 1871 Party
1 Zittau Julius Pfeiffer Lib
2 Löbau Karl August Mosig von Aehrenfeld (NLP)
3 Bautzen Rudolf Thiel (NLP)
4 Dresden New City Friedrich Oskar von Schwarze (LRP)
5 Dresden Old City Franz Wigard (DFP)
6 Dresden County Karl Gustav Ackermann (LRP)
7 Meissen Karl Richard Hirschberg (LRP)
8 Pirna Arthur Eysoldt (DFP)
9 Freiberg Wilhelm Schaffrath (DFP)
10 Döbeln Wilhelm Oehmichen (DFP)
11 Oschatz-Grimma Theodor Günther (LRP)
12 Leipzig City Eduard Stephani (NLP)
13 Leipzig County Karl Birnbaum (NLP)
14 Borna Hermann Köchly (DFP)
15 Mittweida Karl Biedermann (NLP)
16 Chemnitz Richard Ludwig (DFP)
17 Glauchau-Meerane August Bebel (SDAP)
17 Zwickau Reinhold Schraps (SDAP)
19 Stollberg-Schneeberg Heinrich Minckwitz (DFP)
20 Marienberg Eduard Brockhaus (NLP)
21 Annaberg Carl Böhme (DFP)
22 Auerbach Otto Georgi (NLP)
23 Plauen Otto zu Münster-Langelage (LRP)
Political parties in the 1871 German federal elections
Political orientation Party Seats Total
1871
Per cent Seats Saxony
Feb 1871
Per cent
Conservative Conservative Party (Prussia) (Konservative Partei) (KP) 53 13.9% 0 -
German Reich Party (Deutsche Reichspartei) (DRP) 39 10.2% 0 -
Other conservative Con 3 n/a 0 -
Liberal Right-Liberal Imperial Liberal Party (Liberale Reichspartei) (LRP) 30 7.9% 5 21.7%
National Liberal Party (Nationalliberale Partei) (NLP) 119 31.1% 7 30.4%
Other liberal Lib 6 1.6% 1 4.3%
Left-Liberal German Progress Party (Deutsche Fortschrittspartei) (DFP) 45 11.8% 8 34.8%
German People's Party (1868) (Deutsche Volkspartei) (DtVP) 1 0.3% 0 -
Catholic Centre Party (Germany) (Zentrum Partei) (ZP) 60 15.7% 0 -
Socialist Social Democratic Workers' Party of Germany (Sozialdemokratische Arbeiterpartei Deutschlands) (SDAP) 2 0.5% 2 8.7%
General German Workers' Association (Allgemeiner Deutscher Arbeiterverein) (ADAV) 0 - 0 -
Regional parties
Minorities
German-Hanoverian Party (Deutsch-Hannoversche Partei) (DHP) 7 1.8% 0 -
Polish Party 14 3.7% 0 -
Danish 1 0.3% 0 -
Others 2 0.5% 0 -
Total 297 100% 23 100%

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Headlam, J. W. "Bismarck and the Foundation of the German Empire by J. W. Headlam". www.heritage-history.com. Heritage History. Retrieved 19 August 2020.
  2. ^ J. W., Headlam. "Bismarck and the Foundation of the German Empire by J. W. Headlam". www.heritage-history.com. Heritage History. Retrieved 19 August 2020.