1871 German federal election

The first federal elections were held in Germany on 3 March 1871.[1] The National Liberal Party emerged as the largest party in the Reichstag, with 125 of the 382 seats.[2] Voter turnout was just 51.0%.

1871 German federal election

← 1868 3 March 1871 (1871-03-03) 1874 →

All 382 seats in the Reichstag
192 seats needed for a majority
Turnout51.01%
  First party Second party Third party
  Rudolf von Bennigsen.jpg
ZP
DKP
Leader Rudolf von Bennigsen Hermann von Mallinckrodt
Party NLP Centre Conservatives
Leader since 1867 1870
Last election 23.28%, 104 seats Did not exist 14.82%, 65 seats
Seats won 117 58 56
Seat change Increase13 New party Decrease9
Popular vote 1,125,942 707,896 524,881
Percentage 28.97% 18.21% 13.51%
Swing Increase 5.69% New party Decrease 1.31%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
 
DFP
DRP
Hohenlohe-schillingsfürst1867.jpg
Leader Chlodwig Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst
Party DFP DRP LRP
Leader since 1871
Last election 10.67%, 31 seats 6.67%, 37 seats Did not exist
Seats won 45 37 33
Seat change Increase14 Steady New party
Popular vote 351,209 343,098 274,068
Percentage 9.04% 8.83% 7.05%
Swing Decrease 1.63% Increase 2.16% New party

Karte der Reichstagswahlen 1871.svg
Map of results (by constituencies)

President of the Zollparlament before election

Eduard von Simson
Independent

President of the Reichstag

Eduard von Simson
Independent

ResultsEdit

 
PartyVotes%+/–Seats+/–
National Liberal Party1,125,94228.97+5.69117+13
Centre Party707,89618.21New58New
Conservative Party524,88113.51−1.3156−9
German Progress Party351,2099.04−1.6345+14
German Reich Party343,0988.83+2.16370
Imperial Liberal Party274,0687.05New33New
Polish Party176,3424.54−0.5213+2
General German Workers' Association56,1171.44−0.270−2
Independent Liberals74,9031.93−9.055−27
German-Hanoverian Party73,4701.89+1.017+3
Social Democratic Workers' Party41,0401.06−0.191−1
German People's Party29,5950.76−1.231−7
Old Liberals24,9000.64−2.792−16
Danish Party21,1430.54−0.2310
Clericals15,3290.39−9.213−33
Independent conservatives14,8050.38−9.641+1
Schleswig-Holstein Particularist Liberals6,9680.18−1.032−6
Lassalle's General German Workers' Association4,7700.12−0.020−1
Saxon Particularist Conservatives1,5490.04−0.0600
Others17,5960.45−0.8400
Unknown8940.02−0.0700
Total3,886,515100.00382+85
Valid votes3,886,51599.51
Invalid/blank votes19,0160.49
Total votes3,905,531100.00
Registered voters/turnout7,656,28351.01
Source: Wahlen in Deutschland

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p762 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p788