Red Flag Mangyongdae Revolutionary School

Red Flag Mangyongdae Revolutionary School[1] is an elite school[2] in Mangyongdae district of Pyongyang, North Korea.[3] Established in 1947,[4] it is a special education school with access only to the Workers' Party of Korea, Korean People's Army, administrative and high-ranking officials’ families.[3][5] Originally, the school was called the Magyongdae School for the Bereaved Children of Revolutionaries, which was to "receive children of fallen revolutionaries" and "educate their children and train them into fine revolutionaries after the independence of Korea.[6] It was located at Kan-ri, Daedong, South Pyongan. After the formal establishment of North Korea it was moved to Pyongyang and there the first statue of Kim Il-sung was erected, according to North Korean authorities, at the suggestion of Kim Jong-suk, Kim Il-sung's wife.[7]

Red Flag Mangyongdae Revolutionary School
Emblem of MRS.svg
Location

Coordinates38°59′54″N 125°39′43″E / 38.99833°N 125.66194°E / 38.99833; 125.66194Coordinates: 38°59′54″N 125°39′43″E / 38.99833°N 125.66194°E / 38.99833; 125.66194
Information
TypeMilitary academy
Established1947 (1947)
FounderKim Il-sung
School districtMangyongdae district
AdministratorLt. Col. Kim Hak Bin
Teaching staffRi Kyong Hui
GenderMale
National rankingHigh
AffiliationKang Pan-sok Revolutionary School in the western city of Nampho

As of April 2012, Lt. Col. Kim Hak Bin is an administrator at the school.[8] Ri Kyong Hui is a biology teacher.[8]

At one time, Kim Won-ju, who was Kim Hyong-rok's third son, was assigned the position as State Security Department officer whose assignments included rooting out disloyalty to the regime among students at the ultra-elite Mangyongdae School.".[2]

In addition to a high school curriculum, students receive military training.[9] Graduates enter the army for three years and usually become party members.[9] Generally, about 120 students graduate per year.[9] According to Kang Myong-do, "children of the elite, who in the past would have gone to Namsan now went to Mangyongdae." If the parents of a child were still alive, then only children of officials at least at the level of party department head were eligible to enroll.[10]

In 1982, O Guk-ryol, the then chief of the armed forces staff, said the school produced revolutionary warriors.[9]

By 1987, graduates[9] were:

  • 20% of the central party committee,
  • 30% of the party politburo, and
  • 32% of the military commission of the central committee.

As of April 2013, the all girls version of this school is at the Kang Pan-sok Revolutionary School in the western city of Nampho.[8][11]

Kim Jong-un, who was educated in Switzerland, is not an alumnus of this school[8] and has visited this school six times as of July 2018.[12]

AlumniEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ahn Jong Sik (2015-02-10). "250-Mile Journey: a Study Tour of Penance". DailyNK. Retrieved 2015-07-27.
  2. ^ a b Martin, Bradley K. (2004). Under the Loving Care of the Fatherly Leader. New York: Thomas Dunne Books. p. 189. ISBN 0-312-32221-6.
  3. ^ a b Martin, Bradley K. (2004). Under the Loving Care of the Fatherly Leader. New York: Thomas Dunne Books. ISBN 0-312-32221-6.
  4. ^ "A glance at the Revolutionary School for elites in Pyongyang". SINA.com. 5 July 2013. Retrieved 21 August 2013.
  5. ^ Bayly, Tom (22 April 2013). "Inside a school shaping N Korea's future military leaders". BBC. Retrieved 21 August 2013.
  6. ^ a b Martin, Bradley K. (2004). Under the Loving Care of the Fatherly Leader. New York: Thomas Dunne Books. p. 191. ISBN 0-312-32221-6.
  7. ^ "There Is Even a Bunker for Statues in Case of Emergencies". Daily NK. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e "North Korean pre-teens training to 'seek revenge on American imperialists". The Daily News by THE ASSOCIATED PRESS. April 20, 2013. Retrieved 21 August 2013. His son, current leader Kim Jong Un, did not.
  9. ^ a b c d e Martin, Bradley K. (2004). Under the Loving Care of the Fatherly Leader. New York: Thomas Dunne Books. p. 471. ISBN 0-312-32221-6.
  10. ^ Martin, Bradley K. (2004). Under the Loving Care of the Fatherly Leader. New York: Thomas Dunne Books. p. 472. ISBN 0-312-32221-6.
  11. ^ "Kim Jong Un checks the samples of overcoats for the children of Mangyongdae Revolutionary School and Kang Pan-sok Revolutionary School on March 24, 2013". Reuters/KCNA). March 24, 2013. Archived from the original on 21 August 2013. Retrieved 21 August 2013.
  12. ^ a b c "The school that trains the next generation of North Korean leaders". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 2018-07-27.
  13. ^ Martin, Bradley K. (2004). Under the Loving Care of the Fatherly Leader. New York: Thomas Dunne Books. p. 471. ISBN 0-312-32221-6.
  14. ^ Martin, Bradley K. (2004). Under the Loving Care of the Fatherly Leader. New York: Thomas Dunne Books. p. 192. ISBN 0-312-32221-6.
  15. ^ Martin, Bradley K. (2004). Under the Loving Care of the Fatherly Leader. New York: Thomas Dunne Books. p. 372. ISBN 0-312-32221-6.
  16. ^ a b "Kim Jong Un Visits Air Force Unit #378 (Corrected)". KCNA. Retrieved 21 August 2013.
  17. ^ "Thae Jong Su (T'ae Cho'ng-su)". North Korea Leadership Watch. 24 February 2018. Retrieved 23 January 2019.

Further readingEdit

  • The Successors to the Revolution. Pyongyang: Korean People's Army Publishing House. 1979. OCLC 17061175.